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HP-UX System Administrator's Guide: Routine Management Tasks: HP-UX 11i Version 3


Technical documentation

Complete book in PDF
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HP Part Number: 5992-4616

Edition: 4

Published: September 2008

Table of Contents

Publication History
Intended Audience
About this Document Set
About this Volume: Routine Management Tasks
HP-UX 11i Release Names and Release Identifiers
Finding HP-UX Information
1 Introduction
Configuration Tools
HP Systems Insight Manager
HP-UX System Management Homepage (Web-Based)
HP-UX System Management Homepage (Text-Based)
HP-UX Commands
Using HP SIM and HP SMH versus HP-UX Commands
System Management Homepage (Web-Based)
Starting an HP SMH Web Client
Starting the HP SMH Daemon on the Target System
System Management Homepage (Text-Based)
Starting Text-Based HP SMH
Giving Users Limited Access to Text-Based HP SMH
2 Booting and Shutdown
Booting Systems
New Mass Storage Stack for HP-UX 11i Version 3
Booting HP-UX on HP Integrity Servers: Details and Variations
Booting HP-UX on HP 9000 (PA-RISC) Systems: Details and Variations
Speeding the Boot: SpeedyBoot
Breaking Out of the Boot Screen
Customizing Start-up and Shutdown
Shutting Down Systems
Types of Shutdown
Special Considerations for Shutting Down Certain Systems
Avoiding a Shutdown When Possible
Configuring Dump Devices
3 Managing Systems
Managing Disks - Quick Reference Examples
Adding a Disk to a Volume Group
Adding a Logical Volume
Creating a File System
Adding a Logical Volume with Mirroring
Extending a Logical Volume
Extending a Logical Volume When You Can’t Use HP SMH
Reducing a Logical Volume
Removing a Logical Volume
Adding a Mirror for an Existing Logical Volume Using Non-strict Mirroring
Adding a Mirror to an Existing Logical Volume Using Strict Mirroring
Removing a Mirror from a Logical Volume
Replacing a Mirrored Disk in a Logical Volume
Moving a Directory to a Logical Volume on Another System
Managing Large Files
Creating a Large-Files File System
Examples of Creating a Large Files File System
Examples of Creating a No-Large-Files File System
Changing from a Large-Files File System
Command Support for Large Files
Repairing a Large-Files File System with fsck
The mount Command and Large-Files File Systems
For More Information on Large Files
Managing FTP
Enabling/Disabling the /etc/ftpd/ftpaccess Configuration File
Verifying the Path Names of FTP Configuration Files
Getting Information about FTP Users
Creating an FTP Shutdown Message
Logging FTP Session Information
Logging FTP File Transfers
Setting Up Virtual FTP Support
Backing Up Data
Choosing the Type of Storage Device
Choosing a Backup/Recovery Utility
Determining What Data to Back Up
Determining How Often to Back Up Data
Backing Up Your Data Using the fbackup Command
Examples of fbackup Commands
Backing Up Files on a Remote System
Setting Up an Automated Backup Schedule
Creating an Automated Backup Schedule
Displaying an Automated Backup Schedule
Activating an Automated Backup Schedule
Backing Up If You Are Using LVM
Backing Up Large Files
Backing Up a JFS Snapshot File System
Restoring Your Data
Determining What Data to Restore
Before Restoring Your Data
Restoring Your Data Using HP SMH
Restoring Your Data Using HP-UX Commands
Recovering From a System Crash
Backing Up and Recovering Directories: Quick Reference for tar
How To:
Determining What Version of the HP-UX Operating System is Running
Checking the System’s Run Level
Scheduling a cron Job
Adding Users to a Workgroup
Exporting a File System (HP-UX to HP-UX)
Moving Resources
Popping the Directory Stack
Continuing to Work During a Scheduled Downtime
Diagramming a System’s Disk Usage
Finding Large Files
Examining File System Characteristics
Managing Groups of Distributed Systems or Serviceguard Clusters
Adding Peripherals
Setting Up Non-HP Terminals
Troubleshooting Problems with Terminals
4 Managing Printers
Administering the LP Spooler
Stopping and Restarting the LP Spooler
Controlling the Flow of Print Requests
Enabling or Disabling a Printer
Setting a Printer’s Fence Priority
Changing a Printer’s Default Request Priority
Summary of Additional Printer Tasks
Solving Common Printer Problems
Typical LP Commands for Users and LP Administrators
Configuring Printers to Use the LP Spooler
Initializing the LP Spooler
Adding a Local Printer to the LP Spooler
Adding a Remote Printer to the LP Spooler
Adding a Network-Based Printer
Creating a Printer Class
Removing a Printer from the LP Spooler
Removing a Printer from a Printer Class
Removing a Printer Class
5 Managing Software
Software Distributor (SD-UX)
SD-UX Software Structure
Location of Software
SD-UX Tasks
SD-UX Roles
Software Package Builder (SPB)
Setting up a Network Host (Building a Depot)
Copying Software From a Depot with the SD User Interface
Copying Software From DVD
Copying Software From Tape
More Examples
About Patches
Recommended Patches - Extension Software
Removing Patches
6 Managing System Performance
Performance Bottlenecks
Resource Hogs
Measuring Performance
Checking Disk Load with sar and iostat
Checking NFS Server/Client Block Size
Modify NFS Server/Client Block Size
Checking for Asynchronous Writes
Checking for Server Overload with nfsstat -rc
Measuring Memory Usage with vmstat
Checking for Socket Overflows with netstat -s
Checking for Network Overload with netstat -i
Making Changes
Increasing the Number of nfsd Daemons
Defragmenting an HFS File System
Defragmenting a JFS File System
Configurable Kernel Parameters
Other Performance Management Tools
HP System Management Homepage (HP SMH)
The top Command
OpenView Products
Kernel Resource Monitor (KRM)
A Using High Availability Strategies
Using Software Mirroring as a Disk Protection Strategy
Using Disk Arrays
Disk Arrays Using RAID Data Protection Strategies
Mirroring (RAID Level 1)
Disk Striping (RAID Level 0)
HP SureStore E Disk Array
Using Hot Spared Disks
Using High Available Storage Systems (HASS)
Pros and Cons of HASS
Recommended Uses of HASS
Using Serviceguard
Pros and Cons of Serviceguard
Serviceguard Features
Other High Availability Products and Features
Dynamic Root Disk
High Availability Monitors
Enterprise Cluster Master Toolkit
Continental Clusters
HP ServiceControl

List of Examples

2-1 Setting the autoboot delay using the EFI Boot Manager’s Boot Options:
2-2 Setting the autoboot delay using the EFI Shell’s autoboot command:
2-3 Enable Autoboot (using EFI Shell’s autoboot command)
2-4 Disable Autoboot (using EFI Shell’s autoboot command)
2-5 Enable Autoboot (using setboot from a running HP-UX system)
2-6 Disable Autoboot (using setboot from a running HP-UX system)
2-7 Booting from an alternate kernel file called “testvmunix
2-8 Determining the EFI disk partition of your current boot device using LVM
2-9 Enabling the Autoboot Flag Using setboot
2-10 Disabling the Autoboot Flag Using setboot
2-11 Enabling the Autosearch Flag Using setboot
2-12 Disabling the Autosearch Flag Using setboot
2-13 Setting the PRI (Primary Boot Path) Using the BCH
2-14 Setting the HAA (High-Availability Alternate Boot Path) Using the BCH
2-15 Setting the ALT (Alternate Boot Path) Using the BCH
2-16 Setting the ALT (Alternate Boot Path) Using the BCH
2-17 Boot from the boot device specified in the ALT boot path
2-18 Boot from the boot device specified at hardware address 0/0/2/0/0.14:
2-19 Boot from the boot device specified at path label P2:
2-20 Boot from the default HP-UX install server
2-21 Boot from the HP-UX install server at 192.nn.xx.yyy
2-22 Boot HP-UX in single-user mode on an HP 9000 System:
2-23 Example Single-User HP-UX Boot
2-24 Displaying Current SpeedyBoot Settings for your System (HP 9000 sample output)
2-25 Displaying Current SpeedyBoot Settings for your System (HP Integrity Server sample output)
2-26 Shutdown and Reboot
2-27 Shutdown and Reboot with Wait
2-28 Shutdown and Halt
2-29 Shutdown to Single-User Mode
3-1 Producing a directory listing sorted by size
3-2 Finding files larger than a specific size
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