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HP-UX System Administrator's Guide: Routine Management Tasks: HP-UX 11i Version 3 > Chapter 1 Introduction

System Management Homepage (Text-Based)


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The HP-UX System Management Homepage (HP SMH) helps you with the administration of your system.

HP SMH administrative areas:

  • a - Auditing and Security

    • Audited Events

    • Audited System Calls

    • Audited Users

    • System Security Policies

    • Authenticated Commands

    See the HP-UX System Administrator’s Guide: Security Management.

  • c - Security Attributes Configuration

    Topics include password aging and default umask.

    • s - System Defaults

      Configure system-wide values of security attributes.

      See security(4).

    • l - Local Users

      Configure per-user values of security attributes of local users (if NIS is not configured).

      See userdb(4).

    • n - NIS Users

      Configure per-user values of security attributes of NIS users (if NIS is configured).

      See userdb(4).

    See “Configuring System and User Security” in the HP-UX System Administrator’s Guide: Configuration Management.

    (Also accessible with /usr/sbin/secweb -t)

  • d - Peripheral Devices

    • o - OLRAD Cards

      View all OLRAD-capable slots and cards on the system and perform OL* operations

      See Interface Card OL* Support Guide.

    • i - I/O Tree

      View all devices on the system

    (Also accessible with /usr/sbin/pdweb -t)

  • e - Resource Management

    • Event Monitoring Service

    See Using the Event Monitoring Service.

    (Also accessible with /opt/sfm/bin/evweb)

  • f - Disks and File Systems

    • f - File Systems

      View or Manage File Systems

    • l - Logical Volumes

      View or Manage Logical Volumes

    • v - Volume Groups

      View or Manage Volume Groups

    • d - Disks

      View or Manage Disk Devices

    See HP-UX System Administrator’s Guide: Overview and HP-UX System Administrator’s Guide: Logical Volume Management.

    (Also accessible with /usr/sbin/fsweb)

  • g - Display

    • Monitor Configuration

    • Xserver Configuration

  • k - Kernel Configuration

    • t - Tunables

      View or modify kernel tunables

      See kctune(1M)

    • m - Modules

      View or modify kernel modules and drivers

      See kcmodule(1M)

    • a - Alarms

      View or modify alarms for kernel tunables

      See kcalarm(1M)

    • l - Log Viewer

      View the changes made to kernel tunables or modules

      See kclog(1M)

    • u - Usage

      View usage of kernel tunables

      See kcusage(1M)

    See “Configuring the Kernel” in the HP-UX System Administrator’s Guide: Configuration Management.

    (Also accessible with /usr/sbin/kcweb -t)

  • n - Networking and Communications

    • s - Network Services Configuration

      • b - Bootable Devices

        • b - DHCP Device Groups Booting from This Server

        • r - Devices for which Boot Requests are Relayed to Remote Servers

        • f - Fixed-Address Devices Booting from This Server

      • v - DHCPv6

        c - Configuring DHCPv6 Server

        s - Configuring Default DHCPv6 Client Settings

        h - Configuring a Host to Act as a DHCPv6 Relay Agent

        r - Configuring DHCPv6 Relay Interface Mappings

        p - Configuring DHCPv6 Address Pools

        d - Configuring DHCPv6 Client Duid Groups

        g - Configuring DHCPv6 Device Groups

      • d - DNS (BIND)

        l - DNS Local Name Server

        r - DNS Resolver

      • h - Hosts

        h - Local Hosts File

      • n - NIS

      • s - Name Service Switch

      • k - Network Services

      • f - Networked File Systems

        s - Share/Unshare File System

        a - Automounted Remote File Systems

        n - Netgroups

        • Local Netgroups

      • r - Routes

      • c - System Access

        i - Internet Services

        r - Remote Logins

      • t - Time

        s - System Clock

        b - NTP Broadcasting

        n - NTP Network Time Sources

      See “Configuring Networking” in the HP-UX System Administrator’s Guide: Configuration Management.

      See also NFS Services Administrator's Guide.

      (Also accessible with /usr/sbin/ncweb -t)

    • i - Network Interfaces Configuration

      • n - Network Interface Cards

        See HP-UX LAN Administrator's Guide.

      • v - Virtual LANs

        See HP-UX VLAN Administrator's Guide.

      (Also accessible with /usr/sbin/ncweb -t)

  • p - Printers and Plotters

    • Print Requests

    • Printers and Plotters

    • Save/Restore Spooler Configuration

    See “Configuring Printers” in the HP-UX System Administrator’s Guide: Configuration Management.

  • s - Software Management

    • i - Install Software

    • r - Remove Installed Software

    • l - Interactive List, Installed Software

    • s - Quick List, Installed Software

    • p - Quick List, Installed Patches

    • c - Copy Depot Software

    • m - Remove Depot Software

    • d - Interactive List, Depot Software

    • u - Update HP-UX Operating Environment

  • u - Accounts for Users and Groups

    • l - Local Users

      View or Configure Local Users (if NIS is not configured).

    • n - NIS Users

      View or Configure NIS Users (if NIS is configured).

    • g - Groups

      View or Configure Groups.

    • t - Templates

      View or Configure User Templates.

    See “Configuring Users and Groups” in the HP-UX System Administrator’s Guide: Configuration Management.

    (Also accessible with /usr/sbin/ugweb -t)

Starting Text-Based HP SMH

To run HP SMH, you must be superuser or have been granted access (see “Giving User’s Limited Access to Text-Based HP SMH” in the HP-UX System Administrator’s Guide: Configuration Management).

Portions of HP SMH can use the X Window System to display enhanced screens. You can choose to have those screens displayed as text graphics instead. The X screens allow you to use the mouse pointer to navigate the screens. The text screens and the menu displays use keyboard controls, notably Tab, the arrow keys, Enter, and certain letter keys, as indicated on the screen. Esc usually ends the current operation. On a menu display, x terminates the program.

  • To start text-based HP SMH modules with the X Window interface,

    1. Enable the X Window system as described in HP-UX System Administrator’s Guide: Configuration Management.

    2. Run the module with the -t option:

      # /usr/sbin/fsweb -t # Disks and File Systems # /usr/sbin/kcweb -t # Kernel Configuration # /usr/sbin/ncweb -t # Networking and Communications # /usr/sbin/pdweb -t # Peripheral Devices # /usr/sbin/secweb -t # Security Attributes Config # /usr/sbin/ugweb -t # Accounts for Users and Groups

      Note: The -t option is not available for /usr/sbin/smh.

    If the X Window interface is not available, the modules use the alternate text graphic display.

  • To start text-based HP SMH without the X Window interface, you must unset the DISPLAY environment variable. For example, you can enter the following:

    # ( unset DISPLAY ; /usr/sbin/smh )

    This unsets the DISPLAY variable while HP SMH executes. When HP SMH ends, the value of DISPLAY is restored. Notice the enclosing parentheses and the semicolon between the commands.

    Similarly, you can start the modules without the X Window interface. For example,

    # ( unset DISPLAY ; /usr/sbin/ugweb )

Giving Users Limited Access to Text-Based HP SMH

As system administrator, you can give limited text-based HP SMH access to non-superusers individually by user name and collectively by primary group name.

NOTE: The privileges assigned to users and groups by the text-based restricted HP SMH do not apply to the web-based HP SMH.
  1. Activate Restricted HP SMH.

    # /usr/sbin/smh -r
  2. You can assign text-based HP SMH privileges by user and by group. You can toggle between the lists of defined users and groups with the u and g keys, respectively.

  3. To select a user or group, move the highlight to that entry and press Enter. The list of text-based HP SMH areas is displayed.

    Resource Manager Disks and File Systems Display Kernel Configuration Printers and Plotters Networking and Communications Peripheral Devices Security Attributes Configuration Software Management Auditing and Security Accounts for Users and Groups
  4. Choose one of the following:

    • To assign an area, highlight it and press e.

    • To assign all areas, press E.

    • To disable an area, highlight it and press d.

    • To disable all areas, press D.

    You can repeat these operations in any combination. The changes are displayed each time you press a key.

  5. Press s to save the changes.

  6. Press Esc to return to the previous screen.

  7. Press x to exit from the program.

User and group privileges are managed separately. Group privileges apply to all users for which it is their primary group, as shown in /etc/passwd. A user can acquire a privilege individually, through its group, or both.

When privileged users run /usr/sbin/smh, they run text-based HP SMH. They have superuser status in the defined areas and will only see those HP SMH areas in the menu. All other areas of HP SMH are hidden. When users without special access to HP SMH try to run smh, they will receive a message that they must be superuser to execute HP SMH.

When a restricted version of HP SMH is running, there are no shell escapes on terminals and the list menu is disabled. This prevents users from getting superuser access to restricted areas of HP SMH.

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