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8.6. Return Codes

The SQL-92 standard defines a set of SQLSTATE return codes. SQLSTATE is defined as a five-character string, where the leftmost two characters define the error class, and the remaining three characters define the error subclass. Some database vendors may extend these return codes; classes beginning with the numbers 5 through 9 and letters I through Z are reserved for such implementation-specific extensions. The SQLSTATE code for a particular JDBC action can be retrieved via the getSQLState() method of SQLException. Table 8-3 lists the SQLSTATE return codes defined in SQL-92.

Table 8-3. SQL-92 SQLSTATE Return Codes

Class

Class Definition

Subclass

Subclass Definition

00

Successful completion

000

None

01

Warning

000

None

001

Cursor operation conflict

002

Disconnect error

003

Null value eliminated in set function

004

String data, right truncation

005

Insufficient item descriptor areas

006

Privilege not revoked

007

Privilege not granted

008

Implicit zero-bit padding

009

Search expression too long for information schema

00A

Query expression too long for information schema

02

No data

000

None

07

Dynamic SQL error

000

None

001

Using clause doesn't match dynamic parameters

002

Using clause doesn't match target specifications

003

Cursor specification can't be executed

004

Using clause required for dynamic parameters

005

Prepared statement not a cursor specification

006

Restricted data type attribute violation

007

Using clause required for result fields

008

Invalid descriptor count

009

Invalid descriptor index

08

Connection Exception

000

None

001

SQL-client unable to establish SQL-connection

002

Connection name in use

003

Connection doesn't exist

004

SQL-server rejected establishment of SQL-connection

006

Connection failure

007

Transaction resolution unknown

0A

Feature not supported

000

None

001

Multiple server transactions

21

Cardinality violation

000

None

22

Data exception

000

None

001

String data, right truncation

002

Null value, no indicator

003

Numeric value out of range

005

Error in assignment

007

Invalid date-time format

008

Date-time field overflow

009

Invalid time zone displacement value

011

Substring error

012

Division by zero

015

Internal field overflow

018

Invalid character value for cast

019

Invalid escape character

021

Character not in repertoire

022

Indicator overflow

023

Invalid parameter value

024

Unterminated C string

025

Invalid escape sequence

026

String data, length mismatch

027

Trim error

23

Integrity constraint violation

000

None

24

Invalid cursor state

000

None

25

Invalid transaction state

000

None

26

Invalid SQL statement name

000

None

27

Triggered data change violation

000

None

28

Invalid authorization specification

000

None

2A

Syntax error or access rule violation in direct SQL statement

000

None

2B

Dependent privilege descriptors still exist

000

None

2C

Invalid character set name

000

None

2D

Invalid transaction termination

000

None

2E

Invalid connection name

000

None

33

Invalid SQL descriptor name

000

None

34

Invalid cursor name

000

None

35

Invalid condition number

000

None

37

Syntax error or access rule violation in dynamic SQL statement

000

None

3C

Ambiguous cursor name

000

None

3F

Invalid schema name

000

None

40

Transaction rollback

000

None

001

Serialization failure

002

Integrity constraint violation

003

Statement completion unknown

42

Syntax error or access rule violation

000

None

44

With check option violation

000

None



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