RFC index | STD index | BCP index | FYI index
Plain text | gzipped plain text | A4 postscript | A4 postscript, 2 up | A4 postscript, 4 up
Network Working Group J. Postel Request for Comments: 820 J. Vernon January 1983 Obsoletes RFCs: 790, 776, 770, 762, 758, 755, 750, 739, 604, 503, 433, 349 Obsoletes IENs: 127, 117, 93 ASSIGNED NUMBERS This Network Working Group Request for Comments documents the currently assigned values from several series of numbers used in network protocol implementations. This RFC will be updated periodically, and in any case current information can be obtained from Jon Postel. The assignment of numbers is also handled by Jon, subject to the agreement between DARPA/IPTO and DDN/PMO about number allocation, documented in Appendix A of this RFC. If you are developing a protocol or application that will require the use of a link, socket, port, protocol, or network number please contact Jon to receive a number assignment. Jon Postel USC - Information Sciences Institute 4676 Admiralty Way Marina del Rey, California 90291 phone: (213) 822-1511 ARPANET mail: POSTEL@ISIF The ARPANET community is making the transition form the ARPANET to the ARPA Internet. This has been characterized as the NCP/TCP transition [63], although many other the protocols are involved, too. The working documents for the new Internet environment have been collected by the Network Information Center (NIC) in a book entitled the "Internet Protocol Transition Workbook" [62]. Most of the protocols mentioned here are documented in the RFC series of notes. The more prominent and more generally used are documented in the "Internet Protocol Transition Workbook" or in the old "Protocol Handbook" [17] prepared by the NIC. Some of the items listed are undocumented. In all cases the name and mailbox of the responsible individual is indicated. In the lists that follow, a bracketed entry, e.g., [17,iii], at the right hand margin of the page indicates a reference for the listed protocol, where the number cites the document and the "iii" cites the person. Postel [Page 1]
RFC 820 January 1983 Assigned Numbers Network Numbers ASSIGNED NETWORK NUMBERS The network numbers listed here are used as internet addresses by the Internet Protocol (IP) [33,62]. The IP uses a 32-bit address field and divides that address into a network part and a "rest" or local address part. The division takes 3 forms or classes. The first type of address, or class A, has a 7-bit network number and a 24-bit local address. The highest-order bit is set to 0. This allows 128 class A networks. 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ |0| NETWORK | Local Address | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ Class A Address The second type of address, class B, has a 14-bit network number and a 16-bit local address. The two highest-order bits are set to 1-0. This allows 16,384 class B networks. 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ |1 0| NETWORK | Local Address | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ Class B Address The third type of address, class C, has a 21-bit network number and a 8-bit local address. The three highest-order bits are set to 1-0-0. This allows 2,097,152 class C networks. 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ |1 1 0| NETWORK | Local Address | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ Class C Address One commonly used notation for internet host addresses divides the 32-bit address into four 8-bit fields and specifies the value of each field as a decimal number with the fields separated by periods. This is called the "dotted decimal" notation. For example, the internet address of ISIF in dotted decimal is, or Postel [Page 2]
RFC 820 January 1983 Assigned Numbers Network Numbers The dotted decimal notation will be used in the listing of assigned network numbers. The class A networks will have nnn.rrr.rrr.rrr, the class B networks will have nnn.nnn.rrr.rrr, and the class C networks will have nnn.nnn.nnn.rrr, where nnn represents part or all of a network number and rrr represents part or all of a local address or rest field. For various reasons, the assigned numbers of networks are sometimes changed. To ease the transition the old number will be listed as well. These "old number" entries will be marked with a "T" following the number and preceeding the name. To reflect the allocation of network identifiers among various categories (see Appendix A), a one-character code is placed to the left of the network number (in the column marked by an asterisk): R for Research and Development, D for DoD, and C for Commercial. Assigned Network Numbers Class A Networks * Internet Address Name Network References ---------------- ---- ------- ---------- 000.rrr.rrr.rrr Reserved [JBP] R 001.rrr.rrr.rrr T BBN-PR BBN Packet Radio Network [JAW3] R 002.rrr.rrr.rrr T SF-PR-1 SF-1 Packet Radio Network [JEM] R 003.rrr.rrr.rrr RCC-NET BBN RCC Network [JGH] R 004.rrr.rrr.rrr SATNET Atlantic Satellite Network[DM11] D 005.rrr.rrr.rrr T DEMO-PR-1 Demo-1 Packet Radio Network[LCS] R 006.rrr.rrr.rrr T SF-PR-2 SF-2 Packet Radio Network [JEM] 007.rrr.rrr.rrr Unassigned [JBP] R 008.rrr.rrr.rrr BBN-NET BBN Network [JGH] D 009.rrr.rrr.rrr T BRAGG-PR Ft. Bragg Packet Radio Net [JEM] R 010.rrr.rrr.rrr ARPANET ARPANET [17,1,REK2] R 011.rrr.rrr.rrr T UCLNET University College London [PK] 012.rrr.rrr.rrr Unassigned [JBP] 013.rrr.rrr.rrr Unassigned [JBP] C 014.rrr.rrr.rrr PDN Public Data Network [REK2] 015.rrr.rrr.rrr Unassigned [JBP] 016.rrr.rrr.rrr Unassigned [JBP] 017.rrr.rrr.rrr Unassigned [JBP] R 018.rrr.rrr.rrr MIT MIT Network [10,43,NC3] 019.rrr.rrr.rrr Unassigned [JBP] 020.rrr.rrr.rrr Unassigned [JBP] D 021.rrr.rrr.rrr EDN DCEC EDN [EC5] 022.rrr.rrr.rrr Unassigned [JBP] R 023.rrr.rrr.rrr MITRE MITRE Cablenet [44,APS] 024.rrr.rrr.rrr Unassigned [JBP] Postel [Page 3]
RFC 820 January 1983 Assigned Numbers Network Numbers R 025.rrr.rrr.rrr RSRE-PPSN RSRE / PPSN [NM] D 026.rrr.rrr.rrr MILNET MILNET [HH6] R 027.rrr.rrr.rrr NOSC-LCCN NOSC / LCCN [KTP] R 028.rrr.rrr.rrr WIDEBAND Wide Band Satellite Net [CJW2] 029.rrr.rrr.rrr Unassigned [JBP] R 030.rrr.rrr.rrr DCN-UCL UCL DCNET [PK] 031.rrr.rrr.rrr Unassigned [JBP] R 032.rrr.rrr.rrr UCL-TAC UCL TAC [PK] 033.rrr.rrr.rrr Unassigned [JBP] 034.rrr.rrr.rrr Unassigned [JBP] R 035.rrr.rrr.rrr RSRE-NULL RSRE Null Network [NM] R 036.rrr.rrr.rrr T SU-NET Stanford University Network[JCM] 037.rrr.rrr.rrr Unassigned [JBP] 038.rrr.rrr.rrr Unassigned [JBP] R 039.rrr.rrr.rrr SRINET SRI Local Network [GEOF] 040.rrr.rrr.rrr Unassigned [JBP] R 041.rrr.rrr.rrr BBN-LN-TEST BBN Local Network Testbed [KTP] 042.rrr.rrr.rrr Unassigned [JBP] 043.rrr.rrr.rrr Unassigned [JBP] R 044.rrr.rrr.rrr AMPRNET Amateur Radio Experiment Net[HM] R 045.rrr.rrr.rrr T C3-PR Testbed Development PRNET [BG5] R 046.rrr.rrr.rrr UCB-ETHER UC Berkeley Ethernet [SXL] R 047.rrr.rrr.rrr T SAC-PR SAC Packet Radio Network [BG5] R 048.rrr.rrr.rrr NDRE-TIU NDRE-TIU [PS3] 049.rrr.rrr.rrr Unassigned [JBP] R 050.rrr.rrr.rrr NDRE-RING NDRE-RING [PS3] 051.rrr.rrr.rrr Unassigned [JBP] R 052.rrr.rrr.rrr T ROCKWELL-PR Rockwell Packet Radio Net [EHP] 053.rrr.rrr.rrr-126.rrr.rrr.rrr Unassigned [JBP] 127.rrr.rrr.rrr Reserved [JBP] Class B Networks * Internet Address Name Network References ---------------- ---- ------- ---------- 128.000.rrr.rrr Reserved [JBP] R 128.001.rrr.rrr BBN-TEST-B BBN-GATE-TEST-B [RH6] R 128.002.rrr.rrr CMU-NET CMU-Ethernet [HDW2] R 128.003.rrr.rrr LBL-CSAM LBL-CSAM-RESEARCH [MO1] R 128.004.rrr.rrr DCNET LINKABIT DCNET [DLM1] R 128.005.rrr.rrr FORDNET FORD DCNET [DLM1] R 128.006.rrr.rrr RUTGERS RUTGERS [CLH3] R 128.007.rrr.rrr DFVLR DFVLR DCNET Network [HDC1] R 128.008.rrr.rrr UMDNET Univ of Maryland DCNET [DLM1] R 128.009.rrr.rrr ISI-NET ISI Local Network [CMR] R 128.010.rrr.rrr PURDUE-CS Purdue Computer Science [CXK] R 128.011.rrr.rrr BBN-CRONUS BBN DOS Project [12,WIM] R 128.012.rrr.rrr SU-NET Stanford University Net [JCM] Postel [Page 4]
RFC 820 January 1983 Assigned Numbers Network Numbers D 128.013.rrr.rrr MATNET Mobile Access Terminal Net[DM11] R 128.014.rrr.rrr BBN-SAT-TEST BBN SATNET Test Net [DM11] R 128.015.rrr.rrr S1NET LLL-S1-NET [EAK1] R 128.016.rrr.rrr UCLNET University College London [PK] 128.017.rrr.rrr Unassigned [JBP] 128.018.rrr.rrr Unassigned [JBP] 128.019.rrr.rrr Unassigned [JBP] 128.020.rrr.rrr Unassigned [JBP] R 128.021.rrr.rrr SF-PR-1 SF-1 Packet Radio Network [JEM] R 128.022.rrr.rrr SF-PR-2 SF-2 Packet Radio Network [JEM] R 128.023.rrr.rrr BBN-PR BBN Packet Radio Network [JAW3] R 128.024.rrr.rrr ROCKWELL-PR Rockwell Packet Radio Net [EHP] D 128.025.rrr.rrr BRAGG-PR Ft. Bragg Packet Radio Net [JEM] D 128.026.rrr.rrr SAC-PR SAC Packet Radio Network [BG5] D 128.027.rrr.rrr DEMO-PR-1 Demo-1 Packet Radio Network[LCS] D 128.028.rrr.rrr C3-PR Testbed Development PR NET [BG5] 128.029.rrr.rrr-191.254.rrr.rrr Unassigned [JBP] 191.255.rrr.rrr Reserved [JBP] Class C Networks * Internet Address Name Network References ---------------- ---- ------- ---------- 192.000.000.rrr Reserved [JBP] R 192.000.001.rrr BBN-TEST-C BBN-GATE-TEST-C [RH6] 192.000.002.rrr-192.000.255.rrr Unassigned [JBP] R 192.001.xxx.rrr-192.004.xxx.rrr BBN local networks [SGC] R 192.005.001.rrr CISLNET CISL Multics Network [CH2] R 192.005.002.rrr WISC Univ of Wisconsin Madison [RS23] C 192.005.003.rrr HP-DESIGN-AIDS HP Design Aids [NXK] C 192.005.004.rrr HP-TCG-UNIX Hewlett Packard TCG Unix [NXK] D 192.005.005.rrr BRLNET BRLNET [1,MJM2] D 192.005.006.rrr MINET MINET [1,DHH] R 192.005.007.rrr CIT-CS-NET Caltech-CS-Net [65,DSW] R 192.005.008.rrr WASHINGTON University of Washington [JAR4] R 192.005.009.rrr AERONET Aerospace Labnet [9,LCN] R 192.005.010.rrr ECLNET USC-ECL-CAMPUS-NET [MXB] R 192.005.011.rrr CSS-RING SEISMIC-RESEARCH-NET [RR2] R 192.005.012.rrr UTAH-NET UTAH-COMPUTER-SCIENCE-NET [RF1] 192.005.013.rrr Unassigned [JBP] 192.005.014.rrr Unassigned [JBP] 192.005.015.rrr Unassigned [JBP] 192.005.016.rrr Unassigned [JBP] 192.005.017.rrr Unassigned [JBP] 192.005.018.rrr Unassigned [JBP] 192.005.019.rrr Unassigned [JBP] 192.005.020.rrr Unassigned [JBP] D 192.005.021.rrr BRLNET1 BRLNET1 [1,MJM2] Postel [Page 5]
RFC 820 January 1983 Assigned Numbers Network Numbers D 192.005.022.rrr BRLNET2 BRLNET2 [1,MJM2] D 192.005.022.rrr BRLNET3 BRLNET3 [1,MJM2] D 192.005.022.rrr BRLNET4 BRLNET4 [1,MJM2] D 192.005.022.rrr BRLNET5 BRLNET54 [1,MJM2] 192.005.026.rrr-223.255.254.rrr Unassigned [JBP] 223.255.255.rrr Reserved [JBP] Other Reserved Internet Addresses Internet Address Name Network References ---------------- ---- ------- ---------- Reserved [JBP] Network Totals Assigned Class A B C Total Research 26 19 1033 1078 Defense 4 5 7 16 Commercial 1 0 2 3 Total 31 24 1042 1097 Maximum Allowed Class A B C Total Research 8 1024 65536 66568 Defense 24 3072 458752 461848 Commercial 94 12286 1572862 1585242 Total 126 16382 2097150 2113658 Postel [Page 6]
RFC 820 January 1983 Assigned Numbers Internet Version Numbers ASSIGNED INTERNET VERSION NUMBERS In the Internet Protocol (IP) [33,62] there is a field to identify the version of the internetwork general protocol. This field is 4 bits in size. Assigned Internet Version Numbers Decimal Octal Version References ------- ----- ------- ---------- 0 0 Reserved [JBP] 1-3 1-3 Unassigned [JBP] 4 4 Internet Protocol [33,62,JBP] 5 5 ST Datagram Mode [20,JWF] 6-14 6-16 Unassigned [JBP] 15 17 Reserved [JBP] ASSIGNED INTERNET PROTOCOL NUMBERS In the Internet Protocol (IP) [33,62] there is a field, called Protocol, to identify the the next level protocol. This is an 8 bit field. Assigned Internet Protocol Numbers Decimal Octal Protocol References ------- ----- ---------------- ---------- 0 0 Reserved [JBP] 1 1 ICMP [53,62,JBP] 2 2 Unassigned [JBP] 3 3 Gateway-to-Gateway [48,49,JFH2] 4 4 CMCC Gateway Monitoring Message [18,19,MB] 5 5 Stream (ST) [20,JWF] 6 6 Transmission Control (TCP) [34,62,JBP] 7 7 UCL [PK] 8 10 Exterior Gateway Protocol (EGP) [66,RH6] 9 11 Unassigned [JBP] 10 12 BBN RCC Monitoring [SGC] 11 13 NVP [12,SC3] 12 14 PUP [4,EAT3] 13-14 15-16 Unassigned [JBP] 15 17 Cross Net Debugger (XNET) [25,JFH2] 16 20 Chaos Stream [NC3] 17 21 User Datagram (UDP) [42,62,JBP] 18 22 Multiplexing [13,JBP] 19 23 DCN Measurement Subsystems [DLM1] 20 24 Host Monitoring (HMP) [55,RH6] 21 25 Packet Radio Measurement [ZSU] Postel [Page 7]
RFC 820 January 1983 Assigned Numbers Internet Protocol Numbers 22 26 XEROX NS IP [59,JBP] 23 27 Trunk-1 [BML] 24 30 Trunk-2 [BML] 25-60 31-74 Unassigned [JBP] 61 75 any host internal protocol [JBP] 62 76 CFTP [60,HCF2] 63 77 any local network [JBP] 64 100 SATNET and Backroom EXPAK [DM11] 65 101 MIT Subnet Support [NC3] 66 102 MIT VAX Remote Disk Protocol [MBG] 67 103 Internet Pluribus Packet Core [DM11] 68 104 Unassigned [JBP] 69 105 SATNET Monitoring [DM11] 70 106 Unassigned [JBP] 71 107 Internet Packet Core Utility [DM11] 72-75 110-113 Unassigned [JBP] 76 114 Backroom SATNET Monitoring [DM11] 77 115 Unassigned [JBP] 78 116 WIDEBAND Monitoring [DM11] 79 117 WIDEBAND EXPAK [DM11] 80-254 120-376 Unassigned [JBP] 255 377 Reserved [JBP] Postel [Page 8]
RFC 820 January 1983 Assigned Numbers Port Numbers ASSIGNED PORT NUMBERS Ports are used in the TCP [34,62] to name the ends of logical connections which carry long term conversations. For the purpose of providing services to unknown callers a service contact port is defined. This list specifies the port used by the server process as its contact port. The contact port is sometimes called the "well-known port". To the extent possible these same port assignments are used with UDP [42,62]. The assigned ports use a small portion of the possible port numbers. The assigned ports have all except the low order eight bits cleared to zero. The low order eight bits are specified here. Port Assignments: Decimal Octal Description References ------- ----- ----------- ---------- 1 1 Old Telnet [40,JBP] 3 3 Old File Transfer [27,11,24,JBP] 5 5 Remote Job Entry [6,17,JBP] 7 7 Echo [35,JBP] 9 11 Discard [32,JBP] 11 13 Who is on or SYSTAT [JBP] 13 15 Date and Time [JBP] 15 17 Who is up or NETSTAT [JBP] 17 21 Short Text Message [JBP] 19 23 Character generator or TTYTST [31,JBP] 20 24 File Transfer (Default Data) [36,62,JBP] 21 25 File Transfer (Control) [36,62,JBP] 23 27 Telnet [41,62,JBP] 25 31 SMTP [54,62,JBP] 27 33 NSW User System FE [14,RHT] 29 35 MSG ICP [29,RHT] 31 37 MSG Authentication [29,RHT] 33 41 Unassigned [JBP] 35 43 IO Station Spooler [JBP] 37 45 Time Server [22,JBP] 39 47 Unassigned [JBP] 41 51 Graphics [46,17,JBP] 42 52 Name Server [38,62,JBP] 43 53 WhoIs [57,62,JAKE] 45 55 Message Processing Module (receive) [37,JBP] 46 56 MPM (default send) [37,JBP] 47 57 NI FTP [50,SK] 49-53 61-65 Unassigned [JBP] Postel [Page 9]
RFC 820 January 1983 Assigned Numbers Port Numbers 55 67 ISI Graphics Language [3,RB6] 57 71 Unassigned [JBP] 59 73 Augment File Mover [WWB] 61 75 NIMAIL [56,SK] 63 77 Unassigned [JBP] 65 101 Unassigned [JBP] 67 103 Datacomputer at CCA [8,JZS] 69 105 Trivial File Transfer [47,62,KRS] 71 107 NETRJS [5,17,RTB] 72 110 NETRJS [5,17,RTB] 73 111 NETRJS [5,17,RTB] 74 112 NETRJS [5,17,RTB] 75 113 Unassigned [JBP] 77 115 any private RJE server [JBP] 79 117 Name or Finger [23,17,KLH] 81 121 HOSTS2 Name Server [EAK1] 83 123 MIT ML Device [DPR] 85 125 MIT ML Device [DPR] 87 127 any terminal link [JBP] 89 131 SU/MIT Telnet Gateway [MRC] 91 133 MIT Dover Spooler [EBM] 93 135 Device Control Protocol [DCT] 95 137 SUPDUP [15,MRC] 97 141 Datacomputer Status [8,JZS] 99 143 Metagram Relay [GEOF] 101 145 NIC Host Name Server [64,62,JAKE] 103 147 CSNET Mailbox Name Server (Telnet) [58,MHS1] 105 151 CSNET Mailbox Name Server (Program) [58,MHS1] 107 153 Remote Telnet Service [61,JBP] 109-129 155-201 Unassigned [JBP] 131 203 Datacomputer [8,JZS] 132-223 204-337 Reserved [JBP] 224-241 340-361 Unassigned [JBP] 243 363 Survey Measurement [2,AV] 245 365 LINK [7,RDB2] 247-255 367-377 Unassigned [JBP] Postel [Page 10]
RFC 820 January 1983 Assigned Numbers Autonomous System Numbers ASSIGNED AUTONOMOUS SYSTEM NUMBERS The Exterior Gateway Protocol (EGP) [66] specifies that groups of gateways may for autonomous systems. The EGP provides a 16-bit field for identifying such systems. The values of this field are registered here. Autonomous System Numbers: Decimal Description References ------- ----------- ---------- 0 Reserved [JBP] 1 The BBN Gateways [JBP] 2-65534 Unassigned [JBP] 65535 Reserved [JBP] ASSIGNED ARPANET LINK NUMBERS The word "link" here refers to a field in the original ARPANET Host/IMP interface leader. The link was originally defined as an 8 bit field. Some time after the ARPANET Host-to-Host (AHHP) protocol was defined and, by now some years ago, the definition of this field was changed to "Message-ID" and the length to 12 bits. The name link now refers to the high order 8 bits of this 12 bit message-id field. The low order 4 bits of the message-id field are to be zero unless specifically specified otherwise for the particular protocol used on that link. The Host/IMP interface is defined in BBN report 1822 [1]. Link Assignments: Decimal Octal Description References ------- ----- ----------- ---------- 0 0 AHHP Control Messages [28,17,JBP] 1 1 Reserved [JBP] 2-71 2-107 AHHP Regular Messages [28,17,JBP] 72-149 110-225 Reserved [JBP] 150 226 Xerox NS IP [59,LLG] 151 227 Unassigned [JBP] 152 230 PARC Universal Protocol [4,EAT3] 153 231 TIP Status Reporting [JGH] 154 232 TIP Accounting [JGH] 155 233 Internet Protocol (regular) [33,62,JBP] 156-158 234-236 Internet Protocol (experimental) [33,62,JBP] 159-195 237-303 Unassigned [JBP] 196-255 304-377 Experimental Protocols [JBP] 248-255 370-377 Network Maintenance [JGH] Postel [Page 11]
RFC 820 January 1983 Assigned Numbers Ethernet Numbers of Interest ETHERNET NUMBERS OF INTEREST Many of the networks of all classes are Ethernets (10Mb) or Experimental Ethernets (3Mb). These systems use a message "type" field in much the same way the ARPANET uses the "link" field. Assignments: Ethernet Exp. Ethernet Description References -------------- -------------- ----------- ---------- decimal Hex decimal octal 512 02,00 512 1000 XEROX PUP [4,EAT3] 1536 06,00 1536 3000 XEROX NS IDP [59,LLG] 2048 08,00 513 1001 DOD IP [33,62,JBP] 2054 08,06 - - Address Res [67,DCP1] ASSIGNED PUBLIC DATA NETWORK NUMBERS One of the Internet Class A Networks is the international system of Public Data Networks. This section lists the mapping between the Internet Addresses and the Public Data Network Addresses. Assignments: Internet Public Data Net Description References --------------- --------------- ----------- ---------- Reserved [JBP] 311031700035 00 PURDUE-TN [CXK] 311060800027 00 UWISC-TN [CXK] 311030200024 00 UDEL-TN [CXK] 234219200149 23 UCL-VTEST [PK] 234219200300 23 UCL-TG [PK] 234219200300 25 UK-SATNET [PK] Unassigned [JBP] Reserved [JBP] Postel [Page 12]
RFC 820 January 1983 Assigned Numbers Documents DOCUMENTS --------- [1] BBN, "Specifications for the Interconnection of a Host and an IMP", Report 1822, Bolt Beranek and Newman, Cambridge, Massachusetts, May 1978. [2] Bhushan, A., "A Report on the Survey Project", RFC 530, NIC 17375, 22 June 1973. [3] Bisbey, R., D. Hollingworth, and B. Britt, "Graphics Language (version 2.1)", ISI/TM-80-18, USC/Information Sciences Institute, July 1980. [4] Boggs, D., J. Shoch, E. Taft, and R. Metcalfe, "PUP: An Internetwork Architecture", XEROX Palo Alto Research Center, CSL-79-10, July 1979; also in IEEE Transactions on Communication, Volume COM-28, Number 4, April 1980. [5] Braden, R., "NETRJS Protocol", RFC 740, NIC 42423, 22 November 1977. Also in [17]. [6] Bressler, B., "Remote Job Entry Protocol", RFC 407, NIC 12112, 16 October 72. Also in [17]. [7] Bressler, R., "Inter-Entity Communication -- An Experiment", RFC 441, NIC 13773, 19 January 1973. [8] CCA, "Datacomputer Version 5/4 User Manual", Computer Corporation of America, August 1979. [9] Aerospace, Internal Report, ATM-83(3920-01)-3, 1982. [10] Clark, D., "Revision of DSP Specification", Local Network Note 9, Laboratory for Computer Science, MIT, 17 June 1977. [11] Clements, R., "FTPSRV -- Extensions for Tenex Paged Files", RFC 683, NIC 32251, 3 April 1975. Also in [17]. [12] Macgregor, W., and D. Tappan, "The CRONUS Virtual Local Network", RFC 824, Bolt Beranek and Newman, Inc., 22 August 1982. [13] Cohen, D. and J. Postel, "Multiplexing Protocol", IEN 90, USC/Information Sciences Institute, May 1979. Postel [Page 13]
RFC 820 January 1983 Assigned Numbers Documents [14] COMPASS, "Semi-Annual Technical Report", CADD-7603-0411, Massachusetts Computer Associates, 4 March 1976. Also as, "National Software Works, Status Report No. 1," RADC-TR-76-276, Volume 1, September 1976. And COMPASS. "Second Semi-Annual Report," CADD-7608-1611, Massachusetts Computer Associates, 16 August 1976. [15] Crispin, M., "SUPDUP Protocol", RFC 734, NIC 41953, 7 October 1977. Also in [17]. [17] Feinler, E. and J. Postel, eds., "ARPANET Protocol Handbook", NIC 7104, for the Defense Communications Agency by SRI International, Menlo Park, California, Revised January 1978. [18] Flood Page, D., "Gateway Monitoring Protocol", IEN 131, February 1980. [19] Flood Page, D., "CMCC Performance Measurement Message Formats", IEN 157, September 1980. [20] Forgie, J., "ST - A Proposed Internet Stream Protocol", IEN 119, M.I.T. Lincoln Laboratory, September 1979. [21] Forsdick, H., and A. McKenzie, "FTP Functional Specification", Bolt Beranek and Newman, Report 4051, August 1979. [22] Harrenstien, K., J. Postel, "Time Server", IEN 142, April 1980. Also in [17]. [23] Harrenstien, K., "Name/Finger", RFC 742, NIC 42758, 30 December 1977. Also in [17]. [24] Harvey, B., "One More Try on the FTP", RFC 691, NIC 32700, 6 June 1975. [25] Haverty, J., "XNET Formats for Internet Protocol Version 4", IEN 158, October 1980. [27] McKenzie, A., "File Transfer Protocol", RFC 454, NIC 14333, 16 February 1973. [28] McKenzie,A., "Host/Host Protocol for the ARPA Network", NIC 8246, January 1972. Also in [17]. [29] NSW Protocol Committee, "MSG: The Interprocess Communication Facility for the National Software Works", CADD-7612-2411, Massachusetts Computer Associates, BBN 3237, Bolt Beranek and Newman, Revised 24 December 1976. Postel [Page 14]
RFC 820 January 1983 Assigned Numbers Documents [31] Postel, J., "Character Generator Process", RFC 429, NIC 13281, 12 December 1972. [32] Postel, J., "Discard Process", RFC 348, NIC 10427, 30 May 1972. [33] Postel, J., ed., "Internet Protocol - DARPA Internet Program Protocol Specification", RFC 791, USC/Information Sciences Institute, September 1981. [34] Postel, J., ed., "Transmission Control Protocol - DARPA Internet Program Protocol Specification", RFC 793, USC/Information Sciences Institute, September 1981. [35] Postel, J., "Echo Process", RFC 347, NIC 10426, 30 May 1972. [36] Postel, J., "File Transfer Protocol", RFC 765, IEN 149, June 1980. [37] Postel, J., "Internet Message Protocol", RFC 759, IEN 113, USC/Information Sciences Institute, August 1980. [38] Postel, J., "Name Server", IEN 116, USC/Information Sciences Institute, August 1979. [39] Postel, J., "Official Initial Connection Protocol", NIC 7101, 11 June 1971. Also in [17]. [40] Postel, J., "Telnet Protocol", RFC 318, NIC 9348, 3 April 1972. [41] Postel, J., "Telnet Protocol Specification", RFC 764, IEN 148, June 1980. [42] Postel, J., "User Datagram Protocol", RFC 768 USC/Information Sciences Institute, August 1980. [43] Reed, D., "Protocols for the LCS Network", Local Network Note 3, Laboratory for Computer Science, MIT, 29 November 1976. [44] Skelton, A., S. Holmgren, and D. Wood, "The MITRE Cablenet Project", IEN 96, April 1979. [45] Crocker, D., "Standard for the Format of ARPA Internet Text Messages", RFC 822, Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Delawaugust 1982. Postel [Page 15]
RFC 820 January 1983 Assigned Numbers Documents [46] Sproull, R., and E. Thomas. "A Networks Graphics Protocol", NIC 24308, 16 August 1974. Also in [17]. [47] Sollins, K., "The TFTP Protocol (revision 2)", RFC 783, MIT/LCS, June 1981. [48] Strazisar, V., "Gateway Routing: An Implementation Specification", IEN 30, Bolt Berenak and Newman, April 1979. [49] Strazisar, V., "How to Build a Gateway", IEN 109, Bolt Berenak and Newman, August 1979. [50] The High Level Protocol Group, "A Network Independent File Transfer Protocol", INWG Protocol Note 86, December 1977. [51] Thomas, R., "A Resource Sharing Executive for the ARPANET", AFIPS Conference Proceedings, 42:155-163, NCC, 1973. [52] Flood Page, D., "A Simple Message Generator", IEN 172, Bolt Berenak and Newman, March 1981. [53] Postel, J., "Internet Control Message Protocol - DARPA Internet Program Protocol Specification", RFC 792, USC/Information Sciences Institute, September 1981. [54] Postel, J., "Simple Mail Transfer Protocol", RFC 821, USC/Information Sciences Institute, August 1982. [55] Littauer, B., "A Host Monitoring Protocol", IEN 197, Bolt Berenak and Newman, September 1981. [56] Bennett, C., "A Simple NIFTP-Based Mail System", IEN 169, University College, London, January 1981. [57] Harrenstien, K., and V. White, "Nicname/Whois", RFC 812, SRI International, March 1982. [58] Solomon, M., L. Landweber, and D, Neuhengen, "The Design of the CSNET Name Server", CS-DN-2, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Revised November 1981. [59] XEROX, "Internet Transport Protocols", XSIS 028112, Xerox Corporation, Stamford, Connecticut, December 1981. [60] Forsdick, H., "CFTP", Network Message, Bolt Berenak and Newman, January 1982. Postel [Page 16]
RFC 820 January 1983 Assigned Numbers Documents [61] Postel, J., "Remote Telnet Service", RFC 818, USC/Information Sciences Institute, November 1982. [62] Feinler, E., "Internet Protocol Transition Workbook", Network Information Center, SRI International, March 1982. [63] Postel, J., "The NCP/TCP Transition Plan", RFC 801, USC/Information Sciences Institute, November 1981. [64] Harrenstien, K., V. White, and E. Feinler, "Hostnames Server", RFC 811, SRI International, March 1982. [65] Whelan, D., "The Caltech Computer Science Department Network", 5052:DF:82, Caltech Computer Science Department, 1982. [66] Rosen, E., "Exterior Gateway Protocol", RFC 827, Bolt Berenak and Newman, October 1982. [67] Plummer, D., "An Ethernet Address Resolution Protocol or Converting Network Protocol Addresses to 48-bit Ethernet Addresses for Transmission on Ethernet Hardware", RFC 826, MIT LCS, November 1982. Postel [Page 17]
RFC 820 January 1983 Assigned Numbers People PEOPLE ------ [RB6] Richard Bisbey ISI Bisbey@ISIB [RTB] Bob Braden UCLA Braden@ISIA [WWB] Bill Barns Tymshare Barns@OFFICE [MB] Michael Brescia BBN Brescia@BBN-Unix [RDB2] Robert Bressler BBN Bressler@BBN-Unix [MXB] Mark Brown USC Mark@USC-ECLB [EC5] Ed Cain DCEC cain@EDN-Unix [SC3] Steve Casner ISI Casner@ISIB [NC3] J. Noel Chiappa MIT JNC@MIT-XX [SGC] Steve Chipman BBN Chipman@BBNA [HDC1] Horst Clausen DFVLR Clausen@ISID [DC] Danny Cohen ISI Cohen@ISIB [MRC] Mark Crispin Stanford Admin.MRC@SU-SCORE [RF1] Randy Frank UTAH Frank@UTAH-20 [JAKE] Jake Feinler SRI Feinler@SRI-KL [JWF] Jim Forgie LL Forgie@BBNC [HCF2] Harry Forsdick BBN Forsdick@BBNG [SWG] Stu Galley MIT SWG@MIT-DMS [LLG] Larry Garlick XEROX Garlick@PARC-MAXC [BG5] Bob Gilligan SRI Gilligan@ISID [GEOF] Geoff Goodfellow SRI Geoff@DARCOM-KA [MBG] Michael Greenwald MIT-LCS Greenwald@MIT-Multics [KLH] Ken Harrenstien SRI KLH@NIC [JFH2] Jack Haverty BBN Haverty@BBN-Unix [CLH3] Charles Hedrick RUTGERS Hedrick@RUTGERS [JGH] Jim Herman BBN Herman@BBN-Unix [HH6] Heidi Heiden DCA Heiden@BBNC [PLH] Peter Higginson UCL UKSAT@ISID [RH6] Robert Hinden BBN Hinden@BBN-Unix [CH2] Charles Hornig Honeywell Hornig@MIT-Multics [DHH] Doug Hunt BBN DHunt@BBN-Unix [REK2] Robert Kahn ARPA Kahn@ISIA [NXK] Neil Katin HP hpda.neil@BERKELEY [CXK] Chris Kent PURDUE cak@PURDUE [SK] Steve Kille UCL UKSAT@ISID [EAK1] Earl Killian LLL EAK@MIT-MC [PK] Peter Kirstein UCL Kirstein@ISIA [SXL] Sam Leffler Berkeley sam@BERKELEY [BML] Barry Leiner ARPA Leiner@ISIA [WIM] William Macgregor BBN macg@BBN [NM] Neil MacKenzie RSRE T45@ISID [HM] Hank Magnuski --- JOSE@PARC-MAXC [JEM] Jim Mathis SRI Mathis@SRI-KL [DM11] Dale McNeill BBN mcneill@BBN-Unix [DLM1] David Mills LINKABIT Mills@ISID [JCM] Jeff Mogul STANFORD Mogul@SU-SCORE Postel [Page 18]
RFC 820 January 1983 Assigned Numbers People [EBM] Eliot Moss MIT EBM@MIT-XX [MJM2] Mike Muuss BRL Mike@BRL [LCN] Lou Nelson AEROSPACE Lou@AEROSPACE [MO2] Michael O'Brien RAND OBrien@RAND-Unix [MO1] Mike O'Dell LBL mo@LBL-Unix [EHP] Ed Perry SRI Perry@SRI-KL [DCP1] David Plummer MIT DCP@MIT-MC [KTP] Ken Pogran BBN Pogran@BBN-Unix [JBP] Jon Postel ISI Postel@ISIF [DPR] David Reed MIT-LCS DPR@MIT-XX [JAR4] Jim Rees WASHINGTON JIM@WASHINGTON [CMR] Craig Rogers ISI Rogers@ISIB [RR2] Raleigh Romine Teledyne romine@SEISMO [RS23] Russel Sandberg WISC root@UWISC [JZS] Joanne Sattely CCA JZS@CCA [LCS] Lou Schreier SRI Schreier@ISID [APS] Anita Skelton MITRE skelton@MITRE [KRS] Karen Sollins MIT Sollins@MIT-XX [MHS1] Marvin Solomon WISC Solomon@UWISC [PS3] Paal Spilling NDRE Paal@DARCOM-KA [ZSU] Zaw-Sing Su SRI ZSu@SRI-TSC [EAT3] Ed Taft XEROX Taft.PA@PARC-MAXC [DCT] Dan Tappan BBN Tappan@BBNG [RHT] Robert Thomas BBN BThomas@BBNG [AV] Al Vezza MIT AV@MIT-XX [HDW2] Howard Wactlar CMU Wactlar@CMU-10B [CJW2] Cliff Weinstein LL cjw@LL-11 [JAW3] Jil Westcott BBN Westcott@BBNF [DSW] Dan Whelan Caltech Dan@CIT-20 Postel [Page 19]
RFC 820 January 1983 Assigned Numbers APPENDIX A APPENDIX A ---------- This appendix summarizes the agreements reached by the DDN/PMO and DARPA at a September 1982 meeting concerning the allocation and assignment of the various numbers associated with DoD Protocol Standards and the DARPA Experimental Standards. Recommended policy is summarized for each type of number assignment of concern: Network Identifiers used by the Internet Protocol It is recommended that the available number spaces for class A, B, and C network addresses be allocated among R&D, DoD and commercial uses, and that assignments of these addresses be the responsibility respectively of DARPA, DCA PCCO/DDN and the National Bureau of Standards. The recommended allocations are given below. Class A R&D allocation: 8 nets assigned by: ARPA DoD allocation: 24 nets assigned by: TBD Commercial allocation: 94 nets assigned by: TBD Reserved Addresses: 0,127 Class B R&D allocation: 1024 nets assigned by: ARPA DoD allocation: 3072 nets assigned by: TBD Commercial allocation: 12286 nets assigned by: TBD Reserved Addresses: 0,16383 Class C R&D allocation: 65536 nets assigned by: ARPA DoD allocation: 458725 nets assigned by: TBD Commercial allocation: 1572862 nets assigned by: TBD Reserved Addresses: 0,2097151 Class D All addresses in this class are reserved for future use, possibly in support of multicast services. They should be allocated to R&D use for the present. Postel [Page 20]
RFC 820 January 1983 Assigned Numbers APPENDIX A Within the R&D community, it will be the policy that network identifiers will only be granted to applicants who show evidence that they are acquiring standard Bolt Beranek and Newman gateway software or have implemented or are acquiring a gateway meeting the External Gateway Protocol requirements. Acquisition of the Berkeley BSD 4.2 UNIX software might be considered evidence of the latter. Experimental networks which later become operational need not be renumbered if that would cause hardships. Rather, the identifiers could be moved from R&D to DoD or Commercial status. Thus, network identifiers may change state among R&D, DoD and commercial, but the number of identifiers allocated to each use should remain constant. To make possible this fluid assignment, it is recommended that the network identifier spaces not be allocated by simple partition but rather by specific assignment. It is recommended that DDN/PMO or its designee keep track of the assignments made by DARPA, DDN and NBS to ensure that allocation remains as suggested. Protocol Identifiers In general, all assignments will be made by the R&D community, but any numbers which become R&D, DoD, national or international standards will be marked as such in this RFC. Protocol identifiers 0 and 255 are reserved. 95 protocol identifiers are allocated for assignment to DoD standards, 32 for R&D use, and 127 for Commercial, national or international standards. Port Numbers A recommendation for allocation and assignment of port numbers is to be developed jointly by representatives of the ICCB and PSTP. ARPANET Link Numbers All unnecessary link number usage will be eliminated by joint effort of the ICCB, PSTP and BBN. BBN will give consideration to the use of link numbers to promote interoperability among various ARPANET interfaces and report to the ICCB, PSTP and DDN/PMO. Examples of possible interoperability issues are: Postel [Page 21]
RFC 820 January 1983 Assigned Numbers APPENDIX A (i) interoperability of 1822 and X.25 interfaces (ii) interoperability of SIP and other interfaces (iii) logical addressing or other special services IP Version Numbers These numbers will be assigned only by the R&D community for the purpose of exploring alternatives in internet protocol service expansion, such as inclusion of stream protocol (ST) services. TCP, IP and Telnet Option Identifiers These numbers will be assigned by the R&D community. Any permanent or experimental assignments will be identified in the documents specifying those protcols. Implementation: This policy recommendation has not been fully implemented as yet. Currently Jon Postel is acting coordinator for all number assignments. Postel [Page 22]