10.6. DTDs for XLinks
For a document that contains XLinks to be valid, all the XLink attributes that the document uses have to be declared in a DTD just like any other attributes. In most cases some of the attributes can be declared #FIXED, and then they do not need to be explicitly included in the document itself. For example, this DTD fragment describes the novel element seen earlier:
<!ELEMENT novel (title, author, year)> <!ATTLIST novel xmlns:xlink CDATA #FIXED 'http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink' xlink:type (simple) #FIXED 'simple' xlink:href CDATA #REQUIRED> <!ELEMENT title (#PCDATA)> <!ELEMENT author (#PCDATA)> <!ELEMENT year (#PCDATA)>
Given this DTD to fill in the fixed attributes xmlns:xlink and xlink:type, a novel element only needs an xlink:href attribute to be a complete simple XLink:
<novel xlink:href = "urn:isbn:0688069444"> <title>The Wonderful Wizard of Oz</title> <author>L. Frank Baum</author> <year>1900</year> </novel>
Documents that contain many XLink elements often use parameter entity references to define the common attributes. For example, suppose novel, anthology, and nonfiction are all simple XLink elements. Their XLink attributes could be declared in a DTD like this:
<!ENTITY % simplelink "xlink:type (simple) #FIXED 'simple' xlink:href CDATA #REQUIRED xmlns:xlink CDATA #FIXED 'http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink' xlink:role CDATA #IMPLIED xlink:title CDATA #IMPLIED xlink:actuate (onRequest | onLoad | other | none) 'onRequest' xlink:show (new | replace | embed | other | none) 'new'" > <!ATTLIST anthology %simplelink;> <!ATTLIST novel %simplelink;> <!ATTLIST nonfiction %simplelink;>
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