2.2. A First HTML Document
It seems every programming language book ever written starts off with a simple example on how to display the message, "Hello, World!" Well, you won't see a "Hello, World!" example in this book. After all, this is a style guide for the new millennium. Instead, ours sends greetings to the World Wide Web:
<html> <head> <title>My first HTML document</title> </head> <body> <h2>My first HTML document</h2> Hello, <i>World Wide Web!</i> <!-- No "Hello, World" for us --> <p> Greetings from<br> <a href="http://www.ora.com">O'Reilly & Associates</a> <p> Composed with care by: <cite>(insert your name here)</cite> <br>©2000 and beyond </body> </html>
Go ahead: type in the example HTML source on a fresh word-processing page and save it on your local disk as myfirst.html. Make sure you select to save it in ASCII format; word processor-specific file formats like Microsoft Word's .doc files save hidden characters that can confuse the browser software and disrupt your HTML document's display.
After saving myfirst.html (or myfirst.htm if you are using archaic DOS- or Windows 3.11-based filenaming conventions) onto disk, start up your browser, locate, and then open the document from the program's File menu. Your screen should look like Figure 2-1.
Figure 2-1. A very simple HTML document
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