24.11. Killing Foreground Jobs
You probably know that typing CTRL-c (Section 24.10) will terminate your foreground job. But what actually happens when you type CTRL-c?
When you type CTRL-c, you're sending the INT (interrupt) signal (Section 24.10) to the foreground process. Most well-designed programs "catch" the interrupt signal, which means that the program installs some special function (a "signal handler") that is called whenever a signal arrives. The signal handler normally closes all open files, resets your terminal properly (if needed), and does anything else necessary so that the program can depart from this world in peace. Then the program terminates. The QUIT signal, sent by CTRL-\, works similarly but also makes a core file for debugging.
Of course, it's possible for the signal handler to do something else entirely: the program can decide not to quit, or it can implement some truly bizarre feature. In fact, editors such as vi or Emacs almost always ignore most signals. The trap ( Section 35.17) command handles signals in the Bourne shell.
Whenever you send a signal from the keyboard, it's sent to all processes in the same process group (Section 24.3). This may include the program's child processes, but it may not. And, of course, child processes can choose to ignore signals on their own. But more often than not, killing the parent process kills its children.
--ML and JP
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