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typeset

typeset [options ] [variable [= value ...]]
typeset -p

Korn shell only. Assign a type to each variable (along with an optional initial value ), or, if no variables are supplied, display all variables of a particular type (as determined by the options). When variables are specified, - option enables the type, and +option disables it. With no variables given, - option prints variable names and values; +option prints only the names.

The second form shown is specific to ksh93 .

Options

-A arr

arr is an associative array. ksh93 only.

-E d

variable is a floating-point number. d is the number of decimal places. The value is printed using printf %g format. ksh93 only.

-F d

variable is a floating-point number. d is the number of decimal places. The value is printed using printf %f format. ksh93 only.

-f [c ]

The named variable is a function; no assignment is allowed. If no variable is given, list current function names. Flag c can be t , u , or x . t turns on tracing (same as set -x ). u marks the function as undefined, which causes autoloading of the function (i.e., a search of FPATH locates the function when it's first used. ksh93 also searches PATH). x exports the function. Note the aliases autoload and functions .

-H

On non-Unix systems, map Unix filenames to host filenames.

-i [n ]

Define variables as integers of base n . integer is an alias for typeset -i .

-L [n ]

Define variables as left-justified strings, n characters long (truncate or pad with blanks on the right as needed). Leading blanks are stripped; leading 0s are stripped if -Z is also specified. If no n is supplied, field width is that of the variable's first assigned value.

-l

Convert uppercase to lowercase.

-n

variable is an indirect reference to another variable (a nameref ). ksh93 only. (See the section "Variables," earlier in this chapter.)

-p

Print typeset commands to recreate the types of all the current variables. ksh93 only.

-R [n ]

Define variables as right-justified strings, n characters long (truncate or pad with blanks on the left as needed). Trailing blanks are stripped. If no n is supplied, field width is that of the variable's first assigned value.

-r

Mark variables as read-only. See also readonly .

-t

Mark variables with a user-definable tag.

-u

Convert lowercase to uppercase.

-x

Mark variables for automatic export.

-Z [n ]

When used with -L , strip leading 0s. When used alone, it's similar to -R except that -Z pads numeric values with 0s and pads text values with blanks.

Examples

typeset                 List name, value, and type of all set variables

typeset -x              List names and values of exported variables

typeset +r PWD          End read-only status of PWD

typeset -i n1 n2 n3     Three variables are integers

typeset -R5 zipcode     zipcode is flush right, five characters wide


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