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mail [options ] [users ]

Read mail (if no users listed), or send mail to other users . Type ? for a summary of commands. Esoteric debugging options exist (not listed) for system administrators. See also mailx and vacation .

Options for Sending Mail

-m type

Print a "Message-type:" line at the heading of the letter, followed by type of message.


Print a "To:" line at the heading of the letter, showing the names of the recipients.


Force mail to be sent to remote users without waiting for remote transfer program to complete.

Options for Reading Mail


Test for the existence of mail without printing it. Exit status is 0 if mail exists; otherwise 1.

-f file

Read mail from alternate mailbox file .

-F names

Forward all incoming mail to recipient names . SVR4 only. (See vacation in Appendix B .)


Display a window of messages rather than the latest message.


Print all messages without pausing.


Print messages with all header lines displayed.


Terminate on an interrupt.


Print oldest messages first.

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