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Previous: 45.5 A File That Shows Itself... and What #! Does Chapter 45
Shell Programming for the Initiated
Next: 45.7 The exec Command
 

45.6 Making Sure Your Script Runs with Bourne Shell, Without #!

Lots of UNIX versions let you start a script file this way:



#!/bin/sh

That executable file will always be read by a Bourne shell. If some versions of UNIX you use don't understand #! ( 44.4 ) , here's how to start your scripts:



||
 

#!/bin/sh
export PATH || exec /bin/sh $0 $argv:q

If a Bourne shell reads that line (that is, if the #!/bin/sh succeeded), the export   PATH command will succeed and the rest of the command line will be skipped. If a C shell reads the line, it will print the error export: Command not found . Then it will run exec /bin/sh $0 $argv:q . The exec ( 45.7 ) replaces the C shell with a Bourne shell, passes it the name of the script file in $0 , and passes a quoted list of the command-line arguments from $argv :q ( 9.6 ) .

- JP


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