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Previous: 30.13 Appending to an Existing File Chapter 30
vi Tips and Tricks
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30.14 Moving Blocks of Text by Patterns

You can move blocks of text delimited by patterns ( 30.9 ) . For example, assume you have a 150-page reference manual. All references pages are organized into three paragraphs with the same three headings: SYNTAX, DESCRIPTION, and PARAMETERS. A sample of one reference page follows:

 .Rh 0 "Get status of named file" "STAT"
 .Rh "SYNTAX"
 .nf
 integer*4 stat, retval
 integer*4 status(11)
 character*123 filename
 ...
 retval = stat (filename, status)
 .fi
 .Rh "DESCRIPTION"
 Writes the fields of a system data structure into the
 status array.  
 These fields contain (among other
 things) information about the file's location, access
 privileges, owner, and time of last modification.
 .Rh "PARAMETERS"
 .IP "\fBfilename\fR" 15n
 A character string variable or constant containing
 the UNIX pathname for the file whose status you want
 to retrieve.  
 You can give the ...

Suppose that it is decided to move the SYNTAX paragraph below the DESCRIPTION paragraph. Using pattern matching, you can move blocks of text on all 150 pages with one command!



:g/SYNTAX/,/DESCRIPTION/-1 mo /PARAMETERS/-1

This command operates on the block of text between the line containing the word SYNTAX and the line just before the word DESCRIPTION ( /DESCRIPTION/-1 ). The block is moved (using mo ) to the line just before PARAMETERS ( /PARAMETERS/-1 ). Note that ex can place text only below the line specified. To tell ex to place text above a line, you first have to move up a line with -1 , and then place your text below. In a case like this, one command saves literally hours of work. (This is a real-life example - we once used a pattern match like this to rearrange a reference manual containing hundreds of pages.)

Block definition by patterns can be used equally well with other ex commands. For example, if you wanted to delete all DESCRIPTION paragraphs in the reference chapter, you could enter:



:g/DESCRIPTION/,/PARAMETERS/-1d

This very powerful kind of change is implicit in ex 's line addressing syntax, but it is not readily apparent even to experienced users. For this reason, whenever you are faced with a complex, repetitive editing task, take the time to analyze the problem and find out if you can apply pattern-matching tools to do the job.

- TOR from O'Reilly & Associates' Learning the vi Editor , Chapter 6


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