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Where Did I Put That?
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16.21 Finding All Directories with the Same Name

Time for a confession. I collect a lot of software. I have one disk filled with public-domain software. Some directories are "collections" like the Sun User Group tapes. It is likely that I might have the same program in two different directories. To prevent this waste of space, I create an index of directories and the path needed to reach them. If I have two directories with the same name, I would like to know about it. I might be able to delete one of the directories. A simple way to search for redundant directories is with the following command:

find . -type d -print | \
awk -F/ '{printf("%s\t%s\n",$NF,$0);}' | \
sort

[You might want to make this into an alias or function . ( 10.1 ) --JP ] The find ( 17.1 ) command prints out all directories. The awk ( 33.11 ) command uses the slash ( / ) as the field separator. NF is the number of fields, and $NF the last field. $0 is the awk variable for the entire line. The output would tell you where all of the directories named misc are located:

misc    ./X11/lib/X11/fonts/misc
misc    ./misc
misc    ./src/XView2/contrib/examples/misc
misc    ./src/XView2/fonts/bdf/misc
misc    ./src/XView2/lib/libxvin/misc
misc    ./src/XView2/lib/libxvol/misc
misc    ./src/XView2/misc

This could be converted into a shell script that takes arguments. If no arguments are specified, I want it to default to the argument . (dot):






${*-.}
 




#!/bin/sh
# usage: dir_path [directory ...]
# list directory and path to directory
find ${*-.} -type d -print | awk -F/  '
{    
   printf ("%s\t%s\n",$NF,$0);
}' | sort

[You could also use this great idea for finding duplicate files. Change the -type d to -type f . If you (or all the users on your system) want to use this a lot, run dir_path nightly with cron ( 40.12 ) or at ( 40.3 ) . Save the output to a "database" file. Use the speedy look command ( 27.18 ) to search the database file. Article 17.19 shows another find database. -JIK, JP ]

- BB


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