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18.14 The Menubutton Widget

Create a menubutton with the Menubutton method. For example:

$mainwindow->Menubutton(-text => "File", 
	-menuitems => [ [ 'command' => "New",
			  "-command" => \&newfile,
			  "-underline" => 0 ],
			[ 'command' => "Open",
			  "-command" => \&openfile,
			  "-underline" => 0 ],
			"-",
			[ 'command' => "Save",
			  "-command" => \&savefile,
			  "-underline" => 0 ],
			[ 'command' => "SaveAs",
			  "-command" => \&saveasfile,
			  "-underline" => 4 ] ] );
The -menuitems option takes a list of lists describing the menu items. For each menu item, an embedded anonymous list describes the type of menu item, the label to use, and the action to take when it is selected along with any other options desired to configure the menu item. In this example, each of the menu items is the 'command' type, and we use the -command option for each item to point to the callback to execute when the menu item is selected. We also use the -underline option to enable the user to select a menu item using keystrokes. (The \[ quotedbl ]-" represents a separator between menu items.)

In addition to 'command' , other types of menus are:

'cascade'

Embeds a cascade menu.

'checkbutton'

Treats the menu item as a checkbutton.

'command'

Executes a callback.

'radiobutton'

Treats the menu item as a radiobutton.

You can configure both the menu itself and the individual menu items. The configuration options that apply to Menubutton are: -activebackground , -activeforeground , -anchor , -background , -bg , -bitmap , -borderwidth , -bw , -cursor , -disabledforeground , -font , -foreground , -fg , -height , -highlightbackground , -highlightcolor , -highlightthickness , -image , -justify , -padx , -pady , -relief , -state , -takefocus , -underline , -width , and -wraplength .

Other Menubutton options are:

-indicatoron => boolean

Determines whether or not to display an indicator.

-menu => $menu

Display the menu associated with $menu .

-menuitems => list

Specifies items to create in the menu as a list of lists. See the description at the beginning of this section.

-tearoff => boolean

Whether or not to allow the menu to be "torn off." Default is 1.

-text => string

Specifies the text to display as a label for the button.

-textvariable => \$variable

Points to the variable containing text to be displayed in the menubutton. Button text will change as $variable does.

18.14.1 Menu Item Options

In addition to the menu itself, each individual menu item can be configured. The widget configuration options that apply to menu items are: -activebackground , -background , -bg , -bitmap , -font , -foreground , -fg , -image , -state , and -underline . Other options are:

-accelerator

Displays an accelerator key sequence for the menu item. The key sequence must be independently defined with a bind .

-command => callback

Pointer to a function that will be called when the menu item is selected.

-indicatoron => boolean

Determines whether or not to display an indicator.

-label => string

The string to use as a label for the menu item.

-menu => $submenu

For a cascade menu, points to the menu to embed.

-offvalue => newvalue

For a checkbutton, specifies the value used when the checkbutton is "off."

-onvalue => newvalue

For a checkbutton, specifies the value used when the checkbutton is "on."

-selectcolor => color

For a checkbutton or radiobutton, color of the indicator when "on."

-selectimage => imgptr

For a checkbutton or radiobutton, defines the image to be displayed instead of text when the radiobutton is "on". Ignored if -image is not used.

-value => value

For a radiobutton, sets $variable to the specified value when the radiobutton is selected (default is 1).

-variable => \$variable

Associates the value of the menu item to the specified variable.

18.14.2 Menubutton Methods

In addition to configure and cget , the following methods are defined for Menubutton widgets:

AddItems

Adds menu items to the end of the menu. The arguments to AddItems are lists configuring each menu item, similar to the lists defined with the -menuitem option.

$menubutton->AddItems(["command" => "Print",
		       "-command" => \&printscreen ],
		      ["command" => "Exit",
		       "-command" => \&exitclean ]);

command

Adds a command item to the end of the menu. The above example could have read:

$menubutton->command(-label => "Print", -command => \&printscreen);
$menubutton->command(-label => "Exit", -command => \&exitclean);

checkbutton

Adds a checkbutton item to the end of the menu.

$menubutton->checkbutton(-label => "Show Toolbar", 
           [-variable => \$toolbar");

radiobutton

Adds a radiobutton item to the end of the menu.

$menubutton->radiobutton(-label => "Red", -variable => \$color");
$menubutton->radiobutton(-label => "Blue", -variable => \$color");

separator

Adds a separator line to the end of a menu.

cascade

Adds a cascade item to the end of the menu.

menu

Returns a reference to the menu.

entrycget

Gets information on a menu entry given an index and option to query.

entryconfigure

Changes information on a specific menu item given an index.











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