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11.8. Interacting with the Shell

Command Action
:r file Read in contents of file after cursor.
:r !command Read in output from command after current line.
:nr !command

Like preceding, but place after line n (0 for top of file).

:!command Run command, then return.
!object command

Send object, indicated by a movement command, as input to shell command command; replace object with command output.

:n1,n2! command

Send lines n1 through n2 to command; replace with output.


Send n lines to command; replace with output.

!! Repeat last system command.
!!command Replace current line with output of command.
:sh Create subshell; return to file with EOF.

Suspend editor, resume with fg.

:so file Read and execute ex commands from file.

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