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Java Fundamental Classes Reference

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The java.text Package
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StringCharacterIterator

Name

StringCharacterIterator

Synopsis

Class Name:

java.text.StringCharacterIterator

Superclass:

java.lang.Object

Immediate Subclasses:

None

Interfaces Implemented:

java.text.CharacterIterator

Availability:

New as of JDK 1.1

Description

The StringCharacterIterator class can move bidirectionally through a character string. In other words, the class iterates through the characters in a String. The class implements the CharacterIterator interface. The class is used by BreakIterator to find boundaries in text strings.

Class Summary

public final class java.text.StringCharacterIterator
                    extends java.lang.Object 
                    implements java.text.CharacterIterator {
  // Constructors
  public StringCharacterIterator(String text);
  public StringCharacterIterator(String text, int pos);
  public StringCharacterIterator(String text, int begin, int end, int pos);
  // Instance Methods
  public Object clone();
  public char current();
  public boolean equals(Object obj); 
  public char first();
  public int getBeginIndex();
  public int getEndIndex();
  public int getIndex();
  public int hashCode();
  public char last();
  public char next();
  public char previous();
  public char setIndex(int p);
}

Constructors

StringCharacterIterator

public StringCharacterIterator(String text)

Parameters

text

The String to use.

Description

This constructor creates a StringCharacterIterator that uses the given string. The initial index of the iterator is at the beginning of the string, or in other words, at index 0.

public StringCharacterIterator(String text, int pos)

Parameters

text

The String to use.

pos

The initial position.

Description

This constructor creates a StringCharacterIterator that uses the given string. The initial index of the iterator is set to the given initial position.

 public StringCharacterIterator(String text, int begin, int end, int pos) 

Parameters

text

The String to use.

begin

The beginning index.

end

The ending index.

pos

The initial position.

Description

This constructor creates a StringCharacterIterator that uses the specified range of the given string. In other words, the iterator uses the sequence of text from the specified beginning index to the specified ending index. The initial index of the iterator is set to the given initial position.

Instance Methods

clone

public Object clone()

Returns

A copy of this StringCharacterIterator.

Implements

CharacterIterator.clone()

Overrides

Object.clone()

Description

This method creates a copy of this StringCharacterIterator and returns it.

current

public char current()

Returns

The character at the current position of this StringCharacterIterator or DONE if the current position is not within the text sequence.

Implements

CharacterIterator.current()

Description

This method returns the character at the current position of this CharacterIterator. The current position is returned by getIndex().

equals

public boolean equals(Object obj)

Parameters

obj

The object to be compared with this object.

Returns

true if the objects are equal; false if they are not.

Overrides

Object.equals()

Description

This method returns true if obj is an instance of StringCharacterIterator and is equivalent to this StringCharacterIterator.

first

public char first()

Returns

The first character in this StringCharacterIterator.

Implements

CharacterIterator.first()

Description

This method returns the character at the first position in this StringCharacterIterator. The first position is returned by getBeginIndex(). The current position of the iterator is set to this position.

getBeginIndex

public int getBeginIndex()

Returns

The index of the first character in this StringCharacterIterator.

Implements

CharacterIterator.getBeginIndex()

Description

This method returns the index of the beginning of the text for this StringCharacterIterator.

getEndIndex

public int getEndIndex()

Returns

The index after the last character in this StringCharacterIterator.

Implements

CharacterIterator.getEndIndex()

Description

This method returns the index of the character following the end of the text for this StringCharacterIterator.

getIndex

public int getIndex()

Returns

The index of the current character in this StringCharacterIterator.

Description

This method returns the current position, or index, of this StringCharacterIterator.

hashCode

public int hashCode()

Returns

A hashcode for this object.

Overrides

Object.hashCode()

Description

This method returns a hashcode for this StringCharacterIterator.

last

public char last()

Returns

The last character in this StringCharacterIterator.

Implements

CharacterIterator.last()

Description

This method returns the character at the ending position of this StringCharacterIterator. The last position is the value of getEndIndex()-1. The current position of the iterator is set to this position.

next

public char next()

Returns

The next character in this StringCharacterIterator or DONE if the current position is already at the end of the text.

Implements

CharacterIterator.next()

Description

This method increments the current position of this StringCharacterIterator by 1 and returns the character at the new position. If the current position is already at getEndIndex(), the position is not changed and DONE is returned.

previous

public char previous()

Returns

The previous character in this StringCharacterIterator or DONE if the current position is already at the beginning of the text.

Implements

CharacterIterator.previous()

Description

This method decrements the current position of this StringCharacterIterator by 1 and returns the character at the new position. If the current position is already at getBeginIndex(), the position is not changed and DONE is returned.

setIndex

public char setIndex(int p)

Parameters

p

The new position.

Returns

The character at the specified position in this StringCharacterIterator.

Throws

IllegalArgumentException

If the given position is not between getBeginIndex() and getEndIndex()-1.

Implements

CharacterIterator.setIndex()

Description

This method sets the current position, or index, of this StringCharacterIterator to the given position.

Inherited Methods

Method Inherited From Method Inherited From

finalize()

Object

getClass()

Object

notify()

Object

notifyAll()

Object

toString()

Object

wait()

Object

wait(long)

Object

wait(long, int)

Object

See Also

BreakIterator, CharacterIterator, String


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