home | O'Reilly's CD bookshelfs | FreeBSD | Linux | Cisco | Cisco Exam    

Java Fundamental Classes Reference

Previous Chapter 16
The java.text Package
Next
 

SimpleDateFormat

Name

SimpleDateFormat

Synopsis

Class Name:

java.text.SimpleDateFormat

Superclass:

java.text.DateFormat

Immediate Subclasses:

None

Interfaces Implemented:

None

Availability:

New as of JDK 1.1

Description

The SimpleDateFormat class is a concrete subclass of DateFormat that formats and parses dates and times using a formatting pattern. Typically, you do not need to instantiate SimpleDateFormat yourself. Instead, the factory methods of DateFormat return instances of SimpleDateFormat that are appropriate for particular locales.

However, if you need a specialized date and time format, you can instantiate your own SimpleDateFormat using a pattern string. You can also modify the formatting pattern of an existing SimpleDateFormat object using the applyPattern() method. The following symbols are significant in the pattern string.

Symbol Description Example Type

G

Era

AD

Text

y

Year

1997

Numeric

M

Month in year

3 or March

Text or numeric

d

Day in month

4

Numeric

h

Hour in A.M./P.M. (1-12)

2

Numeric

H

Hour in day (0-23)

14

Numeric

m

Minute in hour

33

Numeric

s

Second in minute

21

Numeric

S

Milliseconds

333

Numeric

E

Day of week

Thursday

Text

D

Day in year

63

Numeric

F

Day of week of month

1

Numeric

w

Week in year

9

Numeric

W

Week in month

1

Numeric

a

A.M./P.M.

P.M.

Text

k

Hour in day (1-24)

14

Numeric

K

Hour in A.M./P.M. (0-11)

2

Numeric

z

Time zone

EST

Text

Symbols that are numeric can be repeated to specify a minimum number of digits. For example, "hh" produces an hour field that is always at least two digits, like "02". Symbols that are textual can be repeated to specify whether the short form or the long form of the text string is used, if there are both short and long forms. If four or more symbols are specified, the long form is used; otherwise the short form is used. For example, "E" produces a short form of the day of the week, such as "Tue", while "EEEE" produces the long form, such as "Tuesday". For the month of the year, if one or two "M" symbols are used, the field is numeric. If three or more "M" symbols are used, the field is textual.

Single quotes can be used to specify literal text that should be included in the formatted output, and any unrecognized symbol is treated as literal text. For example, the following pattern:

hh:mm a 'in the' zzzz 'zone.'

produces output like:

02:33 PM in the Eastern Standard Time zone.

Internally, the SimpleDataFormat class uses a DateFormatSymbols object to get the date and time strings that are appropriate for a particular locale. If you want to modify these strings, you can get the DateFormatSymbols object by calling getDateFormatSymbols().

Class Summary

public class java.text.SimpleDateFormat  extends java.text.DateFormat {
  // Constructors
  public SimpleDateFormat();
  public SimpleDateFormat(String pattern);
  public SimpleDateFormat(String pattern, Locale loc);
  public SimpleDateFormat(String pattern, DateFormatSymbols formatData);
  // Instance Methods
  public void applyLocalizedPattern(String pattern);
  public void applyPattern(String pattern);
  public Object clone();
  public boolean equals(Object obj); 
  public StringBuffer format(Date date, StringBuffer toAppendTo, 
                      FieldPosition pos); 
  public DateFormatSymbols getDateFormatSymbols();
  public int hashCode();
  public Date parse(String text, ParsePosition pos); 
  public void setDateFormatSymbols(DateFormatSymbols newFormatSymbols);
  public String toLocalizedPattern();
  public String toPattern();
}

Constructors

SimpleDateFormat

public SimpleDateFormat()

Description

This constructor creates a SimpleDateFormat that uses a default formatting pattern and DateFormatSymbols that are appropriate for the default locale. It produces the same result as calling DateFormat.getDateTimeInstance(DateFormat.SHORT, DateFormat.SHORT).

public SimpleDateFormat(String pattern)

Parameters

pattern

The pattern string.

Description

This constructor creates a SimpleDateFormat that uses the given formatting pattern and a DateFormatSymbols object that is appropriate for the default locale.

public SimpleDateFormat(String pattern, Locale loc)

Parameters

pattern

The pattern string.

loc

The Locale to use.

Description

This constructor creates a SimpleDateFormat that uses the given formatting pattern and a DateFormatSymbols object that is appropriate for the given locale.

 public SimpleDateFormat(String pattern, DateFormatSymbols formatData) 

Parameters

pattern

The pattern string.

formatData

The DateFormatSymbols to use.

Description

This constructor creates a SimpleDateFormat that uses the given formatting pattern and DateFormatSymbols object.

Instance Methods

applyLocalizedPattern

public void applyLocalizedPattern(String pattern)

Parameters

pattern

The pattern string.

Description

This method tells this SimpleDateFormat to use the given formating pattern to format and parse dates and times. The pattern string is assumed to have been localized to the DateFormatSymbols object this SimpleDateFormat uses.

applyPattern

public void applyPattern(String pattern)

Parameters

pattern

The pattern string.

Description

This method tells this SimpleDateFormat to use the given formatting pattern to format and parse dates and times. The pattern string is localized to the DateFormatSymbols object this SimpleDateFormat uses.

clone

public Object clone()

Returns

A copy of this SimpleDateFormat.

Overrides

DateFormat.clone()

Description

This method creates a copy of this SimpleDateFormat and returns it.

equals

public boolean equals(Object obj)

Parameters

obj

The object to be compared with this object.

Returns

true if the objects are equal; false if they are not.

Overrides

DateFormat.equals()

Description

This method returns true if obj is an instance of SimpleDateFormat and is equivalent to this SimpleDateFormat.

format

 public StringBuffer format(Date date, StringBuffer toAppendTo, FieldPosition pos) 

Parameters

date

The Date object to be formatted.

toAppendTo

A StringBuffer on which to append the formatted information.

pos

A date or time field.

Returns

The given buffer toAppendTo with the formatted representation of the object appended to it.

Overrides

DateFormat.format(Date, StringBuffer, FieldPosition)

Description

This method formats the given date and appends the result to the given StringBuffer. If pos refers to one of the time or date fields, its beginning and ending indexes are filled with the beginning and ending positions of the given field in the resulting formatted string.

getDateFormatSymbols

public DateFormatSymbols getDateFormatSymbols()

Returns

The DateFormatSymbols object used by this SimpleDateFormat.

Description

This method returns the DateFormatSymbols object that this SimpleDateFormat uses internally.

hashCode

public int hashCode()

Returns

A hashcode for this object.

Overrides

DateFormat.hashCode()

Description

This method returns a hashcode for this SimpleDateFormat.

parse

public Date parse(String text, ParsePosition pos)

Parameters

text

The string to be parsed.

pos

A ParsePosition object that specifies a position in the string.

Returns

The Date object represented by the text starting at the given position.

Overrides

DateFormat.parse(String, ParsePosition)

Description

This method parses a date from the given string, starting from the given position. After the string has been parsed, the given ParsePosition object is updated so that its index is after the parsed text.

setDateFormatSymbols

 public void setDateFormatSymbols( DateFormatSymbols newFormatSymbols) 

Parameters

newFormatSymbols

The new DateFormatSymbols object to use.

Description

This method sets the DateFormatSymbols object that this SimpleDateFormat uses internally.

toLocalizedPattern

public String toLocalizedPattern()

Returns

The pattern string of this SimpleDateFormat.

Description

This method returns the pattern string of this SimpleDateFormat, localized with the DateFormatSymbols object of this SimpleDateFormat.

toPattern

public String toPattern()

Returns

The pattern string of this SimpleDateFormat.

Description

This method returns the pattern string of this SimpleDateFormat.

Inherited Methods

Method Inherited From Method Inherited From

finalize()

Object

format(Object)

Format

format(Date)

DateFormat

format(Object, StringBuffer, FieldPosition)

DateFormat

getCalendar()

DateFormat

getClass()

Object

getNumberFormat()

DateFormat

getTimeZone()

DateFormat

isLenient()

DateFormat

notify()

Object

notifyAll()

Object

parse(String)

DateFormat

parseObject(String)

Format

parseObject(String, ParsePosition)

DateFormat

setCalendar(Calendar)

DateFormat

setLenient(boolean)

DateFormat

setNumberFormat(NumberFormat)

DateFormat

setTimeZone(TimeZone)

DateFormat

toString()

Object

wait()

Object

wait(long)

Object

wait(long, int)

Object

See Also

Calendar, Date, DateFormat, DateFormatSymbols, FieldPosition, Format, Locale, ParsePosition, String, StringBuffer, TimeZone


Previous Home Next
RuleBasedCollator Book Index StringCharacterIterator

Java in a Nutshell Java Language Reference Java AWT Java Fundamental Classes Exploring Java






??????????????@Mail.ru