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Chapter 7. Character Entities

The following table lists the defined standard and proposed character entities for HTML, as well as several that are nonstandard but generally supported.

Entity names, if defined, appear for their respective characters and can be used in the character-entity sequence &name; to define any character for display by the browser. Otherwise, or alternatively for named characters, use the character's three-digit numeral value in the sequence &#nnn; to specially define a character entity. Actual characters, however, may or may not be displayed by the browser, depending on the computer platform and user-selected font for display.

Not all 256 characters in the ISO character set appear in the table. Missing ones are not recognized by the browser as either named or numeric entities.

To be sure that your documents are fully compliant with the HTML and XHTML standards, use only those named character entities with no entries in the conformance column. Characters with a value of "!!!" in the conformance column are not formally defined by the standards; use them at your own risk.

Numeric entity

Named entity

Symbol

Description

Conformance

	

   

Horizontal tab

 




   

Line feed

 



   

Carriage return

 

 

   

Space

 

!

 

!

Exclamation point

 

"

"

"

Quotation mark

 

#

 

#

Hash mark

 

$

 

$

Dollar sign

 

%

 

%

Percent sign

 

&

&

&

Ampersand

 

'

 

'

Apostrophe

 

(

 

(

Left parenthesis

 

)

 

)

Right parenthesis

 

*

 

*

Asterisk

 

+

 

+

Plus sign

 

,

 

,

Comma

 

-

 

-

Hyphen

 

.

 

.

Period

 

/

 

/

Slash

 

0 - 9

 

0-9

Digits 0-9

 

:

 

:

Colon

 

&#059;

 

;

Semicolon

 

<

<

<

Less than sign

 

&#061;

 

=

Equals sign

 

&#062;

&gt;

>

Greater than sign

 

&#063;

 

?

Question mark

 

&#064;

 

@

Commercial at sign

 

&#065; - &#090;

 

A-Z

Letters A-Z

 

&#091;

 

[

Left square bracket

 

&#092;

 

\

Backslash

 

&#093;

 

]

Right square bracket

 

&#094;

 

^

Caret

 

&#095;

 

_

Underscore

 

&#096;

 

`

Grave accent

 

&#097; - &#122;

 

a-z

Letters a-z

 

&#123;

 

{

Left curly brace

 

&#124;

 

|

Vertical bar

 

&#125;

 

}

Right curly brace

 

&#126;

 

~

Tilde

 

&#130;

 

,

Low left single quote

!!!

&#131;

 

Figure

Florin

!!!

&#132;

 

,,

Low left double quote

!!!

&#133;

 

...

Ellipsis

!!!

&#134;

 

Figure

Dagger

!!!

&#135;

 

Figure

Double dagger

!!!

&#136;

 

^

Circumflex

!!!

&#137;

 

Figure

Permil

!!!

&#138;

  Š

Capital S, caron

!!!

&#139;

 

<

Less than sign

!!!

&#140;

 

Figure

Capital OE ligature

!!!

&#142;

  Figure

Capital Z, caron

!!!

&#145;

 

`

Left single quote

!!!

&#146;

 

'

Right single quote

!!!

&#147;

 

"

Left double quote

!!!

&#148;

 

"

Right double quote

!!!

&#149;

 

·

Bullet

!!!

&#150;

 

-

En dash

!!!

&#151;

 

Em dash

!!!

&#152;

 

~

Tilde

!!!

&#153;

 

Figure

Trademark

!!!

&#154;

  Figure

Small s, caron

!!!

&#155;

 

>

Greater than sign

!!!

&#156;

 

Figure

Small oe ligature

!!!

&#158;

  Figure

Small z, caron

!!!

&#159;

 

Figure

Capital Y, umlaut

!!!

&#160;

&nbsp;

 

Nonbreaking space

 

&#161;

&iexcl;

¡

Inverted exclamation point

 

&#162;

&cent;

¢

Cent sign

 

&#163;

&pound;

£

Pound sign

 

&#164;

&curren;

¤

General currency sign

 

&#165;

&yen;

¥

Yen sign

 

&#166;

&brvbar;

|

Broken vertical bar

 

&#167;

&sect;

§

Section sign

 

&#168;

&uml;

¨

Umlaut

 

&#169;

&copy;

©

Copyright

 

&#170;

&ordf;

ª

Feminine ordinal

 

&#171;

&laquo;

«

Left angle quote

 

&#172;

&not;

¬

Not sign

 

&#173;

&shy;

-

Soft hyphen

 

&#174;

&reg;

®

Registered trademark

 

&#175;

&macr;

¯

Macron accent

 

&#176;

&deg;

°

Degree sign

 

&#177;

&plusmn;

±

Plus or minus

 

&#178;

&sup2;

2

Superscript 2

 

&#179;

&sup3;

3

Superscript 3

 

&#180;

&acute;

´

Acute accent

 

&#181;

&micro;

μ

Micro sign (Greek mu)

 

&#182;

&para;

Paragraph sign

 

&#183;

&middot;

Middle dot

 

&#184;

&cedil;

¸

Cedilla

 

&#185;

&sup1;

1

Superscript 1

 

&#186;

&ordm;

º

Masculine ordinal

 

&#187;

&raquo;

»

Right angle quote

 

&#188;

&frac14;

1/4

Fraction one-fourth

 

&#189;

&frac12;

1/2

Fraction one-half

 

&#190;

&frac34;

3/4

Fraction three-fourths

 

&#191;

&iquest;

¿

Inverted question mark

 

&#192;

&Agrave;

À

Capital A, grave accent

 

&#193;

&Aacute;

Á

Capital A, acute accent

 

&#194;

&Acirc;

Â

Capital A, circumflex accent

 

&#195;

&Atilde;

Ã

Capital A, tilde

 

&#196;

&Auml;

Ä

Capital A, umlaut

 

&#197;

&Aring;

Å

Capital A, ring

 

&#198;

&AElig;

Æ

Capital AE ligature

 

&#199;

&Ccedil;

Ç

Capital C, cedilla

 

&#200;

&Egrave;

È

Capital E, grave accent

 

&#201;

&Eacute;

É

Capital E, acute accent

 

&#202;

&Ecirc;

Ê

Capital E, circumflex accent

 

&#203;

&Euml;

Ë

Capital E, umlaut

 

&#204;

&Igrave;

Ì

Capital I, grave accent

 

&#205;

&Iacute;

Í

Capital I, acute accent

 

&#206;

&Icirc;

Î

Capital I, circumflex accent

 

&#207;

&Iuml;

Ï

Capital I, umlaut

 

&#208;

&ETH;

Figure

Capital eth, Icelandic

 

&#209;

&Ntilde;

Ñ

Capital N, tilde

 

&#210;

&Ograve;

Ò

Capital O, grave accent

 

&#211;

&Oacute;

Ó

Capital O, acute accent

 

&#212;

&Ocirc;

Ô

Capital O, circumflex accent

 

&#213;

&Otilde;

Õ

Capital O, tilde

 

&#214;

&Ouml;

Ö

Capital O, umlaut

 

&#215;

&times;

×

Multiply sign

 

&#216;

&Oslash;

Ø

Capital O, slash

 

&#217;

&Ugrave;

Ù

Capital U, grave accent

 

&#218;

&Uacute;

Ú

Capital U, acute accent

 

&#219;

&Ucirc;

û

Capital U, circumflex accent

 

&#220;

&Uuml;

Ü

Capital U, umlaut

 

&#221;

&Yacute;

Figure

Capital Y, acute accent

 

&#222;

&THORN;

Figure

Capital thorn, Icelandic

 

&#223;

&szlig;

ß

Small sz ligature, German

 

&#224;

&agrave;

à

Small a, grave accent

 

&#225;

&aacute;

á

Small a, acute accent

 

&#226;

&acirc;

â

Small a, circumflex accent

 

&#227;

&atilde;

ã

Small a, tilde

 

&#228;

&auml;

ä

Small a, umlaut

 

&#229;

&aring;

å

Small a, ring

 

&#230;

&aelig;

æ

Small ae ligature

 

&#231;

&ccedil;

ç

Small c, cedilla

 

&#232;

&egrave;

è

Small e, grave accent

 

&#233;

&eacute;

é

Small e, acute accent

 

&#234;

&ecirc;

ê

Small e, circumflex accent

 

&#235;

&euml;

ë

Small e, umlaut

 

&#236;

&igrave;

ì

Small i, grave accent

 

&#237;

&iacute;

í

Small i, acute accent

 

&#238;

&icirc;

î

Small i, circumflex accent

 

&#239;

&iuml;

ï

Small i, umlaut

 

&#240;

&eth;

Figure

Small eth, Icelandic

 

&#241;

&ntilde;

ñ

Small n, tilde

 

&#242;

&ograve;

ò

Small o, grave accent

 

&#243;

&oacute;

ó

Small o, acute accent

 

&#244;

&ocirc;

ô

Small o, circumflex accent

 

&#245;

&otilde;

õ

Small o, tilde

 

&#246;

&ouml;

ö

Small o, umlaut

 

&#247;

&divide;

÷

Division sign

 

&#248;

&oslash;

ø

Small o, slash

 

&#249;

&ugrave;

ù

Small u, grave accent

 

&#250;

&uacute;

ú

Small u, acute accent

 

&#251;

&ucirc;

Û

Small u, circumflex accent

 

&#252;

&uuml;

ü

Small u, umlaut

 

&#253;

&yacute;

y

Small y, acute accent

 

&#254;

&thorn;

Figure

Small thorn, Icelandic

 

&#255;

&yuml;

ÿ

Small y, umlaut

 



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