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Appendix F. Character Entities

The following table collects the defined standard, proposed, and several nonstandard, but generally supported, character entities for HTML and XHTML.

Entity names, if defined, appear for their respective characters and can be used in the character-entity sequence &name; to define any character for display by the browser. Otherwise, or alternatively for named characters, use the character's three-digit numeral value in the sequence &#nnn; to specially define a character entity. Actual characters, however, may or may not be displayed by the browser depending on the computer platform and user-selected font for display.

Not all 256 characters in the ISO character set appear in the table. Missing ones are not recognized by the browser as either named or numeric entities.

To be sure that your documents are fully compliant with the HTML 4.0 and XHTML 1.0 standards, use only those named character entities whose conformance column is blank. Characters whose conformance column contains "!!!" are not formally defined by the standards; use them at your own risk.

Numeric Entity

Named Entity

Symbol

Description

Conformance

	

   

Horizontal tab

 




   

Line feed

 



   

Carriage return

 

 

   

Space

 

!

 

!

Exclamation point

 

"

"

"

Quotation mark

 

#

 

#

Hash mark

 

$

 

$

Dollar sign

 

%

 

%

Percent sign

 

&

&

&

Ampersand

 

'

 

'

Apostrophe

 

(

 

(

Left parenthesis

 

)

 

)

Right parenthesis

 

*

 

*

Asterisk

 

+

 

+

Plus sign

 

,

 

,

Comma

 

-

 

-

Hyphen

 

.

 

.

Period

 

/

 

/

Slash

 

0 - 9

 

0-9

Digits 0-9

 

:

 

:

Colon

 

&#059;

 

;

Semicolon

 

<

<

<

Less than

 

&#061;

 

=

Equals sign

 

&#062;

&gt;

>

Greater than

 

&#063;

 

?

Question mark

 

&#064;

 

@

Commercial at sign

 

&#065; - &#090;

 

A-Z

Letters A-Z

 

&#091;

 

[

Left square bracket

 

&#092;

 

\

Backslash

 

&#093;

 

]

Right square bracket

 

&#094;

 

^

Caret

 

&#095;

 

_

Underscore

 

&#096;

 

`

Grave accent

 

&#097; - &#122;

 

a-z

Letters a-z

 

&#123;

 

{

Left curly brace

 

&#124;

 

|

Vertical bar

 

&#125;

 

}

Right curly brace

 

&#126;

 

~

Tilde

 

&#130;

 

,

Low left single quote

!!!

&#131;

 

Florin

!!!

&#132;

 

,,

Low left double quote

!!!

&#133;

 

...

Ellipsis

!!!

&#134;

 

Figure F

Dagger

!!!

&#135;

 

Figure F

Double dagger

!!!

&#136;

 

^

Circumflex

!!!

&#137;

 

Figure F

Permil

!!!

&#138;

 

Capital S, caron

!!!

&#139;

 

<

Less than sign

!!!

&#140;

 

Figure F

Capital OE ligature

!!!

&#142;

 

Capital Z, caron

!!!

&#145;

 

`

Left single quote

!!!

&#146;

 

'

Right single quote

!!!

&#147;

 

"

Left double quote

!!!

&#148;

 

"

Right double quote

!!!

&#149;

 

Figure F

Bullet

!!!

&#150;

 

-

En dash

!!!

&#151;

 

--

Em dash

!!!

&#152;

 

~

Tilde

!!!

&#153;

 

Figure F

Trademark

!!!

&#154;

 

Small s, caron

!!!

&#155;

 

>

Greater than sign

!!!

&#156;

 

Figure F

Small oe ligature

!!!

&#158;

 

Small z, caron

!!!

&#159;

 

Figure F

Capital Y, umlaut

!!!

&#160;

&nbsp;

 

Nonbreaking space

 

&#161;

&iexcl;

¡

Inverted exclamation point

 

&#162;

&cent;

¢

Cent sign

 

&#163;

&pound;

£

Pound sign

 

&#164;

&curren;

¤

General currency sign

 

&#165;

&yen;

¥

Yen sign

 

&#166;

&brvbar;

Broken vertical bar

 

&#167;

&sect;

§

Section sign

 

&#168;

&uml;

Figure F

Umlaut

 

&#169;

&copy;

©

Copyright

 

&#170;

&ordf;

ª

Feminine ordinal

 

&#171;

&laquo;

«

Left angle quote

 

&#172;

&not;

¬

Not sign

 

&#173;

&shy;

-

Soft hyphen

 

&#174;

&reg;

®

Registered trademark

 

&#175;

&macr;

¯

Macron accent

 

&#176;

&deg;

Figure F

Degree sign

 

&#177;

&plusmn;

Plus or minus

 

&#178;

&sup2;

2

Superscript 2

 

&#179;

&sup3;

3

Superscript 3

 

&#180;

&acute;

´

Acute accent

 

&#181;

&micro;

Figure F

Micro sign (Greek mu)

 

&#182;

&para;

Paragraph sign

 

&#183;

&middot;

·

Middle dot

 

&#184;

&cedil;

Figure F

Cedilla

 

&#185;

&sup1;

1

Superscript 1

 

&#186;

&ordm;

Masculine ordinal

 

&#187;

&raquo;

»

Right angle quote

 

&#188;

&frac14;

1/4

Fraction one-fourth

 

&#189;

&frac12;

1/2

Fraction one-half

 

&#190;

&frac34;

3/4

Fraction three-fourths

 

&#191;

&iquest;

Capital eth, Icelandic

 

&#209;

&Ntilde;

Ñ

Capital N, tilde

 

&#210;

&Ograve;

Ò

Capital O, grave accent

 

&#211;

&Oacute;

Ó

Capital O, acute accent

 

&#212;

&Ocirc;

Ô

Capital O, circumflex accent

 

&#213;

&Otilde;

Õ

Capital O, tilde

 

&#214;

&Ouml;

Ö

Capital O, umlaut

 

&#215;

&times;

x

Multiply sign

 

&#216;

&Oslash;

Ø

Capital O, slash

 

&#217;

&Ugrave;

Ù

Capital U, grave accent

 

&#218;

&Uacute;

Ú

Capital U, acute accent

 

&#219;

&Ucirc;

Û

Capital U, circumflex accent

 

&#220;

&Uuml;

Ü

Capital U, umlaut

 

&#221;

&Yacute;

Capital Y, acute accent

 

&#222;

&THORN;

Capital thorn, Icelandic

 

&#223;

&szlig;

ß

Small sz ligature, German

 

&#224;

&agrave;

à

Small a, grave accent

 

&#225;

&aacute;

á

Small a, acute accent

 

&#226;

&acirc;

â

Small a, circumflex accent

 

&#227;

&atilde;

ã

Small a, tilde

 

&#228;

&auml;

ä

Small a, umlaut

 

&#229;

&aring;

å

Small a, ring

 

&#230;

&aelig;

æ

Small ae ligature

 

&#231;

&ccedil;

ç

Small c, cedilla

 

&#232;

&egrave;

è

Small e, grave accent

 

&#233;

&eacute;

é

Small e, acute accent

 

&#234;

&ecirc;

ê

Small e, circumflex accent

 

&#235;

&euml;

ë

Small e, umlaut

 

&#236;

&igrave;

ì

Small i, grave accent

 

&#237;

&iacute;

í

Small i, acute accent

 

&#238;

&icirc;

î

Small i, circumflex accent

 

&#239;

&iuml;

ï

Small i, umlaut

 

&#240;

&eth;

Small eth, Icelandic

 

&#241;

&ntilde;

ñ

Small n, tilde

 

&#242;

&ograve;

ò

Small o, grave accent

 

&#243;

&oacute;

ó

Small o, acute accent

 

&#244;

&ocirc;

ô

Small o, circumflex accent

 

&#245;

&otilde;

õ

Small o, tilde

 

&#246;

&ouml;

ö

Small o, umlaut

 

&#247;

&divide;

÷

Division sign

 

&#248;

&oslash;

ø

Small o, slash

 

&#249;

&ugrave;

ù

Small u, grave accent

 

&#250;

&uacute;

ú

Small u, acute accent

 

&#251;

&ucirc;

û

Small u, circumflex accent

 

&#252;

&uuml;

ü

Small u, umlaut

 

&#253;

&yacute;

ý

Small y, acute accent

 

&#254;

&thorn;

Small thorn, Icelandic

 

&#255;

&yuml;

ÿ

Small y, umlaut



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