30.3. My Favorite Is !$
use !$ so much that it's almost a
single character to me. It means "take the last
thing on the previous command line." Since most Unix
commands have the filename last, you often need to type filenames
only once, and then you can use !$ in subsequent
lines. Here are some examples of where it comes in handy:
I get a lot of tar archives (Section 39.2).
To extract and edit a file from them, I first make a backup for easy
comparison after editing:
% tar xzf prog.1.05.tar.gz foo.c
% cp -i !$ !$.orig
cp -i foo.c foo.c.orig
The same trick is also good when you've edited a
file with vi and then want to check its spelling:
% vi fred.letter.txt
% ispell !$
You often want to move a file to
another directory and then cd to that directory.
The !$ sequence can also be used to refer to a
% mv grmacs.tar /usr/lib/tmac
% cd !$
|30.2. History in a Nutshell||30.4. My Favorite Is !:n*|
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