3.7. Managing Groups
To list all of the group IDs (GIDs) and group names for the local domain, invoke nireport with the NetInfo domain (., the local domain), the directory (/groups), and the properties you want to inspect--in this case, gid and name:
% nireport . /groups gid name -2 nobody -1 nogroup 0 wheel 1 daemon 2 kmem 3 sys 4 tty 5 operator 6 mail 7 bin 20 staff 25 smmsp 31 guest 45 utmp 66 uucp 68 dialer 69 network 70 www 74 mysql 75 sshd 80 admin 99 unknown
TIP: Although the flat file format is called group (after the /etc/group file), the NetInfo group directory is /groups. If you forget that last s, NetInfo will look for the wrong directory.
3.7.1. Creating a Group with niload
The niload utility can be used to read the flat file format used by /etc/group (name:password:gid:members). To add a new group, you can create a file that adheres to that format, and load it with niload. For ad hoc work, you can use a here document rather than a separate file:
# niload group . <<EOF ? writers:*:1001: ? EOF
3.7.2. Creating a Group with nicl
To create a group with nicl, you'll need to create a directory under /groups and set the gid and passwd properties. If you want a password, it must be encrypted with crypt( ). If you don't want a group password, use an asterisk instead. (Be sure to quote the * so that the shell does not attempt to expand it.) The following creates a group named writers as GID 5005 with no password and no members:
# nicl / create /groups/writers gid 5005 # nicl / create /groups/writers passwd '*'
3.7.3. Adding Users to a Group
You can add users to the group by appending values to the users property with nicl's -merge switch at the command line (or by using the merge command interactively). If the users property does not exist, nicl creates it. If the users are already part of the group, they are not added to the list (contrast this with the -append command, which can result in the same user being added more than once if the command is invoked multiple times).
# nicl / -merge /groups/writers users bjepson rothman
TIP: To give someone administrative privileges, add that user to the admin group (/groups/admin). This gives him or her the ability to use sudo and install software that requires such privileges.
3.7.4. Listing Groups with nidump
% nidump group . | grep writers writers:*:5005:bjepson,rothman
Because you can use nireport to dump any NetInfo directory, you could also use it to see this information:
% nireport . /groups name passwd gid users | grep writers writers * 5005 bjepson,rothman
3.7.5. Deleting a Group
# nicl / -delete /groups/writers
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