home | O'Reilly's CD bookshelfs | FreeBSD | Linux | Cisco | Cisco Exam    

Learning the vi Editor

Learning the vi EditorSearch this book
Previous: B.2 Alphabetical List of Commands Appendix C Next: C.2 nvi 1.79 Options

C. Setting Options

This appendix describes the important set command options for Solaris 2.6 vi , nvi 1.79, elvis 2.0, vim 5.1, and vile 8.0.

C.1 Solaris 2.6 vi Options

Table C.1 contains brief descriptions of the important set command options. In the first column, options are listed in alphabetical order; if the option can be abbreviated, that abbreviation is shown in parentheses. The second column shows the default setting that vi uses unless you issue an explicit set command (either manually or in the .exrc file). The last column describes what the option does, when enabled.

Table C.1: Solaris 2.6 vi Set Options
Option Default Description
autoindent (ai) noai

In insert mode, indents each line to the same level as the line above or below. Use with the shiftwidth option.

autoprint (ap) ap

Displays changes after each editor command. (For global replacement, displays last replacement.)

autowrite (aw) noaw

Automatically writes (saves) the file if changed before opening another file with :n or before giving UNIX command with :! .

beautify (bf) nobf

Ignores all control characters during input (except tab, newline, or formfeed).

directory (dir) /tmp

Names directory in which ex /vi stores buffer files. (Directory must be writable.)



Remember the flags used with the most recent substitute command (global, confirming), and use them for the next substitute command. Despite the name, no actual version of ed actually behaved this way.

errorbells (eb) errorbells Sounds bell when an error occurs.
exrc (ex) noexrc

Allows the execution of .exrc files that reside outside the user's home directory.

hardtabs (ht) 8

Defines boundaries for terminal hardware tabs.

ignorecase (ic) noic

Disregards case during a search.

lisp nolisp

Inserts indents in appropriate lisp format. ( ) , { } , [[ , and ]] are modified to have meaning for lisp.

list nolist

Prints tabs as ^I ; marks ends of lines with $ . (Use list to tell if end character is a tab or a space.)

magic magic

Wildcard characters . (dot), * (asterisk), and [] (brackets) have special meaning in patterns.

mesg mesg

Permits system messages to display on terminal while editing in vi .

novice nonovice

Requires the use of long ex command names, such as copy or read .

number (nu) nonu

Displays line numbers on left of screen during editing session.

open open

Allows entry to open or visual mode from ex . Although not in Solaris 2.6 vi , this option has traditionally been in vi , and may be in your UNIX's version of vi .

optimize (opt) noopt

Abolishes carriage returns at the end of lines when printing multiple lines, speeds output on dumb terminals when printing lines with leading whitespace (spaces or tabs).

paragraphs (para)


Defines paragraph delimiters for movement by { or } . The pairs of characters in the value are the names of troff macros that begin paragraphs.

prompt prompt

Displays the ex prompt (:) when vi 's Q command is given.

readonly (ro) noro

Any writes (saves) of a file will fail unless you use ! after the write (works with w , ZZ , or autowrite ).

redraw (re)

vi redraws the screen whenever edits are made (in other words, insert mode pushes over existing characters, and deleted lines immediately close up). Default depends on line speed and terminal type. noredraw is useful at slow speeds on a dumb terminal: deleted lines show up as @, and inserted text appears to overwrite existing text until you press [ESC] .

remap remap

Allows nested map sequences.

report 5

Displays a message on the status line whenever you make an edit that affects at least a certain number of lines. For example, 6dd reports the message "6 lines deleted."

scroll [ ½ window ]

Number of lines to scroll with ^D and ^U commands.

sections (sect) SHNHH HU

Defines section delimiters for [[ and ]] movement. The pairs of characters in the value are the names of troff macros that begin sections.

shell (sh) /bin/sh

Pathname of shell used for shell escape (:! ) and shell command (:sh ). Default value is derived from shell environment, which varies on different systems.

shiftwidth (sw) 8

Defines number of spaces in backward (^D ) tabs when using the autoindent option, and for the << and >> commands.

showmatch (sm) nosm

In vi , when ) or } is entered, cursor moves briefly to matching ( or { . (If no match, rings the error message bell.) Very useful for programming.

showmode noshowmode

In insert mode, displays a message on the prompt line indicating the type of insert you are making. For example, "OPEN MODE," or "APPEND MODE."

slowopen (slow)

Holds off display during insert. Default depends on line speed and terminal type.

tabstop (ts) 8

Defines number of spaces that a [TAB] indents during editing session. (Printer still uses system tab of 8.)

taglength (tl) 0

Defines number of characters that are significant for tags. Default (zero) means that all characters are significant.


tags /usr/lib/tags

Defines pathname of files containing tags. (See the UNIX ctags command.) (By default, vi searches the file tags in the current directory and /usr/lib/tags .)

tagstack tagstack

Enables stacking of tag locations on a stack.

term Sets terminal type.
terse noterse

Displays shorter error messages.

timeout (to) timeout

Keyboard maps time out after 1 second.[1 ]


Sets terminal type. This is just another name for term .

warn warn

Displays the warning message, "No write since last change."

window (w)

Shows a certain number of lines of the file on the screen. Default depends on line speed and terminal type.

wrapscan (ws) ws

Searches wrap around either end of file.

wrapmargin (wm) 0

Defines right margin. If greater than zero, automatically inserts carriage returns to break lines.

writeany (wa) nowa Allows saving to any file.

[1] When you have mappings of several keys (for example, :map zzz 3dw ), you probably want to use notimeout . Otherwise you need to type zzz within 1 second. When you have an insert mode mapping for a cursor key (for example, :map! ^[OB ^[ja ), you should use timeout . Otherwise, vi won't react to [ESC] until you type another key.

Previous: B.2 Alphabetical List of Commands Learning the vi Editor Next: C.2 nvi 1.79 Options
B.2 Alphabetical List of Commands Book Index C.2 nvi 1.79 Options

The UNIX CD Bookshelf NavigationThe UNIX CD BookshelfUNIX Power ToolsUNIX in a NutshellLearning the vi Editorsed & awkLearning the Korn ShellLearning the UNIX Operating System