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.if [! ]condition anything

If condition is true, do anything . The presence of an ! negates the condition. If anything runs over more than one line, it must be delimited by \{ and \} .



True if the page number is odd.


True if the page number is even.


True if the processor is nroff .


True if the processor is troff .

" str1 " str2 "

True if str1 is identical to str2 . Often used to test the value of arguments passed to a macro.


True if the value of expression expr is greater than zero.


Expressions typically contain number register interpolations and can use any of the following operators:

+ -

Addition, subtraction

/ *

Multiplication, division



< >

Less than, greater than

<= >=

Less than or equal, greater than or equal

= ==



Logical negation


Logical AND


Logical OR

Note: expressions are evaluated left to right; there is no operator precedence. Parentheses may be supplied to force a particular evaluation order.


Inside a macro definition, set the spacing and print the second argument. (The extra backslashes are necessary in \\$2 . One backslash is stripped off when the macro is first read, so the second one is needed for it to be evaluated correctly when the macro is executed.)

.if t .nr PD 0.5v  \" Set spacing between ms paragraphs
.if !"\\$2"" \{ \" If arg 2 is non null, print it in bold

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