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history [options ]

Display the list of history events. (History syntax is discussed earlier in the section "Command History.")

Note: multiline compound commands such as foreach ... end are not saved in the history list.



Print history list without event numbers.


Print in reverse order; show oldest commands last.


Display only the last n history commands, instead of the number set by the history shell variable.


To save and execute the last five commands:

history -h 5 > do_it
source do_it

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