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set

set [options arg1 arg2 ... ]

With no arguments, set prints the values of all variables known to the current shell. Options can be enabled (- option ) or disabled (+option ). Options can also be set when the shell is invoked, via ksh or sh . (See the earlier section "Invoking the Shell.") Arguments are assigned in order to $1 , $2 , etc.

Options

+A name

Assign remaining arguments as elements of array name . Korn shell only.

-A name

Same as +A , but unset name before making assignments. Korn shell only.

-a

From now on automatically mark variables for export after defining or changing them.

-b

Same as -o notify . The single-letter form is only in ksh93 .

-C

Same as -o noclobber . The single-letter form is only in ksh93 .

-e

Exit if a command yields a nonzero exit status. In the Korn shell, the ERR trap is executed before the shell exits.

-f

Ignore filename metacharacters (e.g., * ? [ ] ).

-h

Locate commands as they are defined. The Korn shell creates tracked aliases, whereas the Bourne shell hashes command names. See hash .

-k

Assignment of environment variables (var = value ) takes effect regardless of where they appear on the command line. Normally, assignments must precede the command name.

-m

Enable job control; background jobs execute in a separate process group. -m is usually set automatically. Korn shell only.

-n

Read commands but don't execute; useful for checking syntax. The Korn shell ignores this option if it is interactive.

-o [mode ]

List Korn shell modes, or turn on mode mode . Many modes can be set by other options. Modes are:

allexport

Same as -a .

bgnice

Run background jobs at lower priority.

emacs

Set command-line editor to emacs .

errexit

Same as -e .

ignoreeof

Don't process EOF signals. To exit the shell, type exit .

keyword

Same as -k .

markdirs

Append / to directory names.

monitor

Same as -m .

noclobber

Prevent overwriting via > redirection; use >| to overwrite files.

noexec

Same as -n .

noglob

Same as -f .

nolog

Omit function definitions from history file.

notify

Print job completion messages as soon as jobs terminate; don't wait until the next prompt.

nounset

Same as -u .

privileged

Same as -p .

trackall

Same as -h .

verbose

Same as -v .

vi

Set command-line editor to vi .

viraw

Same as vi , but process each character when it's typed.

xtrace

Same as -x .

-p

Start up as a privileged user (i.e., don't process $HOME/.profile ).

-s

Sort the positional parameters. Korn shell only.

-t

Exit after one command is executed.

-u

In substitutions, treat unset variables as errors.

-v

Show each shell command line when read.

-x

Show commands and arguments when executed, preceded by a + . (Korn shell: precede with the value of PS4.) This provides step-by-step debugging of shell scripts.

-

Turn off -v and -x , and turn off option processing. Included in Korn shell for compatibility with older versions of Bourne shell.

--

Used as the last option; -- turns off option processing so that arguments beginning with - are not misinterpreted as options. (For example, you can set $1 to -1.) If no arguments are given after -- , unset the positional parameters.

Examples

set - "$num" -20 -30	Set $1 to $num, $2 to -20, $3 to -30

set -vx			Read each command line; show it;

			execute it; show it again (with arguments)

set +x			Stop command tracing

set -o noclobber		Prevent file overwriting

set +o noclobber		Allow file overwriting again


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