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eval args

Typically, eval is used in shell scripts, and args is a line of code that contains shell variables. eval forces variable expansion to happen first and then runs the resulting command. This "double-scanning" is useful any time shell variables contain input/output redirection symbols, aliases, or other shell variables. (For example, redirection normally happens before variable expansion, so a variable containing redirection symbols must be expanded first using eval ; otherwise, the redirection symbols remain uninterpreted.) See the C shell eval (Chapter 5, The C Shell ) for another example.


This fragment of a Bourne shell script shows how eval constructs a command that is interpreted in the right order:

for option
   case "$option" in   Define where output goes

      save) out=' > $newfile' ;;
      show) out=' | more' ;;

eval sort $file $out

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