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uniq

uniq [options ] [file1 [file2 ]]

Remove duplicate adjacent lines from sorted file1 , sending one copy of each line to file2 (or to standard output). Often used as a filter. Specify only one of -c , -d , or -u . See also comm and sort .

Options

-c

Print each line once, counting instances of each.

-d

Print duplicate lines once, but no unique lines.

-f n

Ignore first n fields of a line. Fields are separated by spaces or by tabs. Solaris only.

-s n

Ignore first n characters of a field. Solaris only.

-u

Print only unique lines (no copy of duplicate entries is kept).

- n

Ignore first n fields of a line. Fields are separated by spaces or by tabs.

+n

Ignore first n characters of a field.

Examples

Send one copy of each line from list to output file list.new (list must be sorted):

uniq list list.new

Show which names appear more than once:

sort names | uniq -d

Show which lines appear exactly three times:

sort names | uniq -c | awk '$1 == 3'


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