home | O'Reilly's CD bookshelfs | FreeBSD | Linux | Cisco | Cisco Exam    

Learning the vi Editor

Learning the vi EditorSearch this book
Previous: 2.4 More Ways to Insert Text Chapter 2
Simple Editing
Next: 2.6 Review of Basic vi Commands
 

2.5 Joining Two Lines with J

[J] Sometimes while editing a file you will end up with a series of short lines that are difficult to scan. When you want to merge two lines into one, position the cursor anywhere on the first line, and press J to join the two lines.

Suppose your file practice reads:


W
ith a
screen editor
you can
scroll the page, move the cursor
Keystrokes Results
J

W
ith a screen editor
you can
scroll the page, move the cursor

J joins the line the cursor is on with the line below.

.

W
ith a screen editor you can
scroll the page, move the cursor

Repeat the last command ( J ) with the . to join the next line with the current line.

Using a numeric argument with J joins that number of consecutive lines. In the example above, you could have joined three lines by using the command 3J .

2.5.1 Problem Checklist

  • When you type commands, text jumps around on the screen and nothing works the way it's supposed to.

    Make sure you're not typing the J command when you mean j . You may have hit the [CAPS LOCK] key without noticing it. vi is case-sensitive. That is, uppercase commands ( I , A , J , etc.) are different from lowercase commands ( i , a , j ), so all your commands are being interpreted not as lowercase but as uppercase commands. Press the [CAPS LOCK] key again to return to lowercase, then type either U to restore the last line changed or u to undo the last command. You'll probably also have to do some additional editing to fully restore the garbled part of your file.


Previous: 2.4 More Ways to Insert Text Learning the vi Editor Next: 2.6 Review of Basic vi Commands
2.4 More Ways to Insert Text Book Index 2.6 Review of Basic vi Commands

The UNIX CD Bookshelf Navigation The UNIX CD BookshelfUNIX Power ToolsUNIX in a NutshellLearning the vi Editorsed & awkLearning the Korn ShellLearning the UNIX Operating System










??????????????@Mail.ru