Solaris 2.0 only.
is the shell script that sets up OpenWindows,
the windowing environment
based on the OPEN LOOK graphical user interface.
OpenWindows provides application programs that let you
edit, print, or delete files,
send and receive mail,
make icons and screen dumps, schedule activities on a calendar, etc.
Online help is included. To access OpenWindows,
your environment variable OPENWINHOME must be set to the directory
in which the OpenWindows software resides.
The description below presents a "roadmap" of OpenWindows' Workspace menu,
including a summary of the available programs and utilities.
accepts all options that are valid for
along with some additional options specific to
Most of these options are used to initialize the display format
of the OpenWindows environment. The display
format is usually initialized automatically,
so command-line options are rarely used (see the Save Workspace utility).
For more information, see the online reference pages for
Submenu from which to select the DeskSet applications.
Individual programs are summarized below.
Submenu from which to select OpenWindows utilities.
Individual utilities are summarized below.
Window from which you can set background colors, icon locations,
scrollbar placement, and other properties of the Workspace environment.
Window that provides menu-based help on the features of OpenWindows.
Window that provides novice users with a basic introduction
(e.g., how to use the mouse, how to use the help facility).
Menu item that quits OpenWindows.
This submenu provides access to the DeskSet applications,
of which the most essential are File Manager, Text Editor, Mail Tool,
and Command Tool. The applications are summarized below,
in the order they appear in the Programs submenu.
Open a terminal window for entering UNIX commands at a system prompt.
Because the window is scrollable by default, you can review (and even
edit) previous commands.
Open a text editor on new or existing files.
Editor functions include searching, replacing, moving, and copying.
Manipulate files and directories.
Tasks include creating, moving, deleting, and printing.
Files can be listed using different sorting methods, as icons, etc.
Read or send electronic mail.
A month-at-a-glance window that lets you set appointments
and receive automatic reminders.
Display a clock. You can customize the clock display by selecting various
features from the Properties window. (To bring up this window,
move the pointer inside the Clock, then
press the MENU button on the mouse.)
Display a calculator that can perform mathematical operations.
Enter input using either mouse-button presses or keyboard typing.
Important Calculator buttons include:
Label the buttons of the calculator keypad with their keyboard equivalents.
Display values in octal, hex, binary, or decimal (the default).
Pop up a window containing buttons for special functions. Modes include Financial, Logical, or Scientific.
Display values in notations such as fixed-point or scientific.
Send print requests,
select a printer, check the queue, or stop a print request.
Record and play audio files.
Copy files to a tape cartridge.
Change the default association (that is, binding)
between icons and DeskSet applications
(e.g., you can change an icon's color).
Also useful for binding a new icon
to its associated application. See "Icon Editor" below.
Create raster-image files or view existing ones. For example,
you can "take a picture" of all or part of your screen,
then store it as a raster-image file (for later viewing or printing).
Create or modify icon images or pointers.
Useful for graphically labeling file types that are displayed by
the File Manager application.
Display graphs (or dials) to monitor various aspects
of system and network performance.
Same as Command Tool except that scrolling is initially disabled
A list of OpenWindows demonstration programs you can run.
In order for the system to locate these programs, you must
option when running
This submenu provides access to OpenWindows utilities,
of which the most essential are Save Workspace and Refresh.
The utilities are summarized below,
in the order they appear in the Utilities submenu.
Redraw the Workspace. Useful if applications leave distracting
visual remnants after being closed.
Make keyboard input readable again. (Input is sometimes garbled by
running an incompatible application at the same time as OpenWindows.)
Display the function keys and show the operation that they would
perform while using the current application. This utility will
allow support for international keyboards.
Manipulate the active application window (open, close, resize,
or move in front of or behind another window).
This utility duplicates the operations available
to most applications from their window menu (which is pulled down
from the application header).
Store the appearance of your Workspace. Once you have customized the
size and position of your applications, use Save Workspace to
store this appearance. Now, each time you start up OpenWindows,
your applications will automatically appear the way you previously
Cover the Workspace with a moving pattern.
Useful when you are away from your screen.
Lock Screen hides your applications (providing added security)
and prevents phosphor burnout of the screen. To unlock the screen,
press any key or mouse button, then type your password.
Provide a terminal window in which to view
any error messages or system messages you receive.
There are four types of online help: the Desktop tutorial,
the Help handbooks, Spot Help, and manpages. The Desktop tutorial and
Help handbooks are accessed from the Workspace menu as described above.
Spot Help is available by moving the pointer to a specific
place on the Workspace (e.g., a menu item). If you now press the keyboard's
Help key, an information window pops up to describe the spot
where the pointer is.
Manpages are reference pages that you call up
by typing the
command at a UNIX prompt.
To view manpages, you don't need to be running OpenWindows,
but you do need to define the MANPATH variable to include the
directory where the OpenWindows manpages
are located. By default, this directory is:
So, for example,
you could define a few search directories for
by placing the following line in your
setenv MANPATH /usr/man:$OPENWIN/share/man
you could browse OpenWindows topics by typing either of these commands:
man -k openwin
Here's a list of the most useful manpage
you might want
to find out about:
audiotool install_cmgr snapshot
binder mailtool tapetool
calctool olwm textedit
clock pageview xfontsel
cm perfmeter xlsfonts
cmdtool printtool xmodmap
filemgr reservecolors xrdb
iconedit shelltool xset