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UNIX in a Nutshell: System V Edition

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UNIX Commands
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nl



nl

 [

options

] [

file

]

Number the lines of file in logical page segments. Numbering resets to 1 at the start of each page.

Options

-b type

Number lines according to type . Values are:

a All lines.
n No lines.
t

Text lines only (the default).

p " exp "

Lines containing exp only.

-d xy

Use characters xy to delimit logical pages (default is \:).

-f type

Like -b but number footer (default type is n ).

-h type

Like -b but number header (default type is n ).

-i n

Increment each line number by n (default is 1).

-l n

Count n consecutive blank lines as one line.

-n format

Set line number format . Values are:

ln

Left justify, omit leading zeros.

rn

Right justify, omit leading zeros (default).

rz

Right justify.

-p

Do not reset numbering at start of pages.

-s c

Separate text from line number with character(s) c (default is a tab).

-v n

Number each page starting at n (default is 1).

-w n

Use n columns to show line number (default is 6).

Examples

List the current directory, numbering files as 1), 2), etc.:



ls | nl -w3 -s')  '

Number C source code and save it:



nl prog.c > print_prog

Number only lines that begin with #include:



nl -bp"^#include" prog.c


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