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8.66. Exporter

Implements a default import method for other modules to inherit if they don't want to define their own. If you are writing a module, you can do the following:

package Module;
use Exporter ( );
@ISA = qw(Exporter);

@EXPORT = qw(...);              
@EXPORT_OK = qw(...);           
%EXPORT_TAGS = (tag => [...]);

in which @EXPORT is a list of symbols to export by default, @EXPORT_OK is a list of symbols to export on request, and %EXPORT_TAGS is a hash that defines names for sets of symbols. Names in %EXPORT_TAGS must also appear in @EXPORT or @EXPORT_OK.

Then Perl programs that want to use your module just say:

use Module;                   # Import default symbols
use Module qw(...);           # Import listed symbols
use Module ( );              # Do not import any symbols

The Exporter can handle specialized import lists. An import list is the list of arguments passed to the import method. If the first entry begins with !, :, or /, the list is treated as a series of specifications that add to or delete from the list. A leading ! means delete, rather than add.




This name only


All names in @EXPORT


All names in $EXPORT_TAGS{tag} anonymous list


All names in @EXPORT and @EXPORT_OK that match pattern

Exporter's methods are the following.



Returns a list of symbols that couldn't be imported. The default method provided by Exporter returns the list unchanged.



Adds tagged sets of symbols to @EXPORT_OK.



Adds tagged sets of symbols to @EXPORT.


package->export_to_level(n, what_to_export)

Used when you can't use Exporter's import method directly. Takes the following arguments:

An integer specifying how far up the calling stack to export your symbols

Array of symbols to export, usually @_



The default import method.



Validates the version of module module_name, checking that it is at least value.

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