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8.109. File::stat

Provides the same file status information as the Perl functions stat and lstat. Exports two functions that return File::stat objects. The objects have methods that return the equivalent fields from the Unix stat(2) call:

Field

Meaning

dev

Device number of filesystem

ino

Inode number

mode

File mode

nlink

Number of links to the file

uid

Numeric user ID of owner

gid

Numeric group ID of owner

rdev

Device identifier

size

Size of file, in bytes

atime

Last access time

mtime

Last modified time

ctime

Inode change time

blksize

Preferred blocksize for filesystem I/O

blocks

Number of blocks allocated

You can access the status fields either with the methods or by importing the fields into your namespace with the :FIELDS import tag and then accessing them by prepending st_ to the field name (e.g., $st_mode). Here are examples of doing it both ways:

use File::stat;

$stats = stat($file);
print $stats->uid;
print $st_uid;
stat

stat (file)

Returns status information for the file or filehandle pointed to by file. If fileis a symbolic link, returns the information for the file that the link points to.



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