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Previous: 37.1 The Syntax of -d Chapter 37
Debugging with -d
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37.2 Debugging Behavior

When sendmail is given the -d debugging switch, it internally performs three distinct actions. First, if the category.level is omitted, sendmail presets all categories 0-99 inclusively to a level of 1. It then sets the categories in the command line (if any) to the corresponding levels specified (or to 1 if no level is specified). Finally, it calls setbuf (3) to place the standard output in unbuffered mode.

Setting categories 0-99 to a level of 1 has two side effects:

  • Usually, certain errors are not reported because they are tolerable, but a level of 1 generally causes those otherwise missing error messages to be printed. For example, if the aliases file is missing, sendmail does not perform aliasing but is silent about it. A category 27 level of 1, on the other hand, causes sendmail to print the reason it could not open the aliases file.

  • Since sendmail is usually silent about what it is doing, any debugging at all causes it to print a great deal of information about what it is trying to do and what it has done.

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37.1 The Syntax of -d Book Index 37.3 Interpreting the Output