The basic idea here is that the client is asking for data from a user's home directory. He asks for http://www.butterthlies.com/~peter, which means "Peter's home directory on the computer whose DNS name is www.butterthlies.com." The UserDir directive sets the real directory in a user's home directory to use when a request for a document for a user is received. directory is one of the following:
If neither the enabled nor the disabled keyword appears in the UserDir directive, the argument is treated as a filename pattern and is used to turn the name into a directory specification. A request for http://www.foo.com/~bob/one/two.html will be translated as follows:
UserDir public_html -> ~bob/public_html/one/two.html UserDir /usr/web -> /usr/web/bob/one/two.html UserDir /home/*/www -> /home/bob/www/one/two.html
The following directives will send redirects to the client:
UserDir http://www.foo.com/users -> http://www.foo.com/users/bob/one/two.html UserDir http://www.foo.com/*/usr -> http://www.foo.com/bob/usr/one/two.html UserDir http://www.foo.com/~*/ -> http://www.foo.com/~bob/one/two.html
Be careful when using this directive; for instance, UserDir ./ would map /~root to "/", which is probably undesirable. If you are running Apache 1.3 or above, it is strongly recommended that your configuration include a UserDir disabled root declaration.
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