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Java Fundamental Classes Reference

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The java.util Package
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Vector

Name

Vector

Synopsis

Class Name:

java.util.Vector

Superclass:

java.lang.Object

Immediate Subclasses:

java.util.Stack

Interfaces Implemented:

java.io.Serializable, java.lang.Cloneable

Availability:

JDK 1.0 or later

Description

The Vector class implements a variable-length array that can hold any kind of object. Like an array, the elements in a Vector are accessed with an integer index. However, unlike an array, the size of a Vector can grow and shrink as needed to accommodate a changing number of objects. Vector provides methods to add and remove elements, as well as ways to search for objects in a Vector and iterate through all of the objects.

The initial capacity of a Vector specifies how many objects it can contain before more space must be allocated. The capacity increment specifies how much more space is allocated each time the Vector needs to increase its capacity. You can fine-tune the performance of a Vector by adjusting the initial capacity and capacity increment.

Class Summary

public class java.util.Vector extends java.lang.Object
             implements java.io.Serializable, java.lang.Cloneable {
  // Variables
  protected int capacityIncrement;
  protected int elementCount;
  protected Object[] elementData;
  // Constructors
  public Vector();
  public Vector(int initialCapacity);
  public Vector(int initialCapacity, int capacityIncrement);
  // Instance Methods
  public final synchronized void addElement(Object obj);
  public final int capacity();
  public synchronized Object clone();
  public final boolean contains(Object elem);
  public final synchronized void copyInto(Object[] anArray);
  public final synchronized Object elementAt(int index);
  public final synchronized Enumeration elements();
  public final synchronized void ensureCapacity(int minCapacity);
  public final synchronized Object firstElement();
  public final int indexOf(Object elem);
  public final synchronized int indexOf(Object elem, int index);
  public final synchronized void insertElementAt(Object obj, int index);
  public final boolean isEmpty();
  public final synchronized Object lastElement();
  public final int lastIndexOf(Object elem);
  public final synchronized int lastIndexOf(Object elem, int index);
  public final synchronized void removeAllElements();
  public final synchronized boolean removeElement(Object obj);
  public final synchronized void removeElementAt(int index);
  public final synchronized void setElementAt(Object obj, int index);
  public final synchronized void setSize(int newSize);
  public final int size();
  public final synchronized String toString();
  public final synchronized void trimToSize();
}

Variables

capacityIncrement

protected int capacityIncrement

Description

The amount by which the internal array grows when more space is needed. If the value is 0, the internal array doubles in size when more space is needed.

elementCount

protected int elementCount

Description

The count of how many objects are contained in this Vector.

elementData

protected Object[] elementData

Description

The array that holds the contents of this Vector.

Constructors

Vector

public Vector()

Description

This constructor creates an empty Vector with the default capacity of 10 and the default capacity increment of 0.

public Vector(int initialCapacity)

Parameters

initialCapacity

The initial capacity of the Vector.

Description

This constructor creates an empty Vector with the given capacity and the default capacity increment of 0.

public Vector(int initialCapacity, int capacityIncrement)

Parameters

initialCapacity

The initial capacity of the Vector.

CapacityIncrement

The amount to increase the capacity when more space is needed.

Description

This constructor creates an empty Vector with the given capacity and capacity increment.

Instance Methods

addElement

public final synchronized void addElement(Object obj)

Parameters

obj

The object to be added.

Description

This method adds the given object to this Vector as its last element and increases its size by 1. The capacity of the Vector is increased if its size becomes greater than its capacity. Any kind of object can be added to a Vector.

capacity

public final int capacity()

Returns

The capacity of this Vector.

Description

This method returns the size of the internal array of this Vector.

clone

public synchronized Object clone()

Returns

A copy of this Vector.

Overrides

Object.clone()

Description

This method creates a copy of this Vector and returns it.

contains

public final boolean contains(Object elem)

Parameters

elem

The object to be found.

Returns

true if the given object is contained in this Vector; false otherwise.

Description

This method determines whether or not the given object is contained in this Vector.

copyInto

public final synchronized void copyInto(Object[] anArray)

Parameters

anArray

The array to be filled.

Throws

ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException

If the given array is too small to hold all of the objects in this Vector.

Description

This method copies the object references in this Vector to the given array.

elementAt

public final synchronized Object elementAt(int index)

Parameters

index

The index of the object to be returned.

Returns

The object at the position given by index.

Throws

ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException

If index is less than zero or greater than the size of this Vector.

Description

This method returns the object at the given index in this Vector.

elements

public final synchronized Enumeration elements()

Returns

The objects in this Vector as an Enumeration.

Description

This method returns an Enumeration that iterates through the objects in this Vector.

ensureCapacity

public final synchronized void ensureCapacity(int minCapacity)

Parameters

minCapacity

The minimum new capacity.

Description

This method expands the internal array, if necessary, to make the capacity of the Vector at least minCapacity.

firstElement

public final synchronized Object firstElement()

Returns

The first object in this Vector.

Throws

NoSuchElementException

If the Vector is empty.

Description

This method returns the object at index 0 in this Vector.

indexOf

public final int indexOf(Object elem)

Parameters

elem

The object to be found.

Returns

The index of the given object or -1 if it cannot be found.

Description

This method returns the index of the first occurrence of the given object in this Vector.

public final int indexOf(Object elem, int index)

Parameters

elem

The object to be found.

index

The starting index.

Returns

The index of the next occurrence of the given object after the specified index or -1 if it cannot be found.

Description

This method returns the index of the next occurrence of the given object in this Vector after the given index.

insertElementAt

public final synchronized void insertElementAt(Object obj, int index)

Parameters

obj

The object to be inserted.

index

The index at which to insert the object.

Throws

ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException

If index is less than zero or greater than the size of this Vector.

Description

This method inserts the given object at the given index in this Vector. Each object in the Vector with an index greater than or equal to index is shifted upward in the Vector, so that it has an index of one greater than it did previously.

isEmpty

public final boolean isEmpty()

Returns

true if there are no objects in the Vector; false otherwise.

Description

This method returns a boolean value that indicates whether or not the Vector is empty.

lastElement

public final synchronized Object lastElement()

Returns

The last object in this Vector.

Throws

NoSuchElementException

If the Vector is empty.

Description

This method returns the last object in this Vector.

lastIndexOf

public final int lastIndexOf(Object elem)

Parameters

elem

The object to be found.

Returns

The index of the given object or -1 if it cannot be found.

Description

This method returns the index of the last occurrence of the given object in this Vector.

public final synchronized int lastIndexOf(Object elem, int index)

Parameters

elem

The object to be found.

index

The starting index.

Returns

The index of the last occurrence of the given object before the specified index or -1 if it cannot be found.

Description

This method returns the index of the last occurrence of the given object in this Vector before the given index. In other words, the method searches backwards from index for the next occurrence.

removeAllElements

public final synchronized void removeAllElements()

Description

This method removes all of the objects from this Vector, but does not change its capacity or capacity increment.

removeElement

public final synchronized boolean removeElement(Object obj)

Parameters

obj

The object to be removed.

Returns

true if the given object is found and removed; false otherwise.

Description

This method searches for the first occurrence of the given object in this Vector and removes it. If the object is found, each object in the Vector with an index greater than or equal to the index of the removed object is shifted downward in the Vector, so that it has an index of one less than it did previously.

removeElementAt

public final synchronized void removeElementAt(int index)

Parameters

index

The index of the object to be removed.

Throws

ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException

If index is less than zero or greater than the size of this Vector.

Description

This method removes the object at the given index from this Vector. Each object in the Vector with an index greater than or equal to index is shifted downward in the Vector, so that it has an index of one less than it did previously.

setElementAt

public final synchronized void setElementAt(Object obj, int index)

Parameters

obj

The object to be put in the Vector.

index

The index at which to put the object.

Throws

ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException

If index is less than zero or greater than the size of this Vector.

Description

This method puts the given object at the given index in this Vector, replacing the object that was previously there.

setSize

public final synchronized void setSize(int newSize)

Parameters

newSize

The new size.

Description

This method sets the size (not the capacity) of this Vector. If the new size is bigger than the current size, null elements are added to the end of the Vector. If the new size is smaller than the current size, elements are discarded from index newSize to the end of the Vector.

size

public final int size()

Returns

The size of this Vector.

Description

This method returns the number of objects contained in this Vector.

toString

public final synchronized String toString()

Returns

A string that represents this Vector.

Overrides

Object.toString()

Description

This method returns a string representation of this Vector. The string includes every object that is contained in the Vector, so the string returned by toString() can be quite long.

trimToSize

public final synchronized void trimToSize()

Description

This method sets the capacity of this Vector equal to its size. You can use this method to minimize the storage space used by the Vector, but any subsequent calls to addElement() or insertElement() forces the Vector to allocate more space.

Inherited Methods

Method Inherited From Method Inherited From

equals(Object)

Object

finalize()

Object

getClass()

Object

hashCode()

Object

notify()

Object

notifyAll()

Object

wait()

Object

wait(long)

Object

wait(long, int)

Object

   

See Also

ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException, Cloneable, Enumeration, NoSuchElementException, Serializable, Stack


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