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Java Fundamental Classes Reference

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The java.text Package
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ChoiceFormat

Name

ChoiceFormat

Synopsis

Class Name:

java.text.ChoiceFormat

Superclass:

java.text.NumberFormat

Immediate Subclasses:

None

Interfaces Implemented:

None

Availability:

New as of JDK 1.1

Description

The ChoiceFormat class is a concrete subclass of NumberFormat that maps numerical ranges to strings, or formats. ChoiceFormat objects are used most often by MessageFormat objects to handle plurals, verb agreement, and other such issues.

The ranges in a ChoiceFormat are specified as an ascending array of double values, where each number is the bottom end of a range. A value is mapped to a format when it falls within the range for that format. If the value does not fall in any of the ranges, it is mapped to the first or the last format, depending on whether the value is too low or too high. For example, consider the following code:

double[] limits = {1, 10, 100};
String[] labels = {"small", "medium", "large"}
ChoiceFormat cf = new ChoiceFormat(limits, labels);

Any number greater than or equal to one and less than 10 is mapped to the format "small". Any number greater than or equal to 10 and less than 100 is mapped to "medium". Numbers greater than or equal to 100 are mapped to "large". Furthermore, numbers less than one are also mapped to "small".

The nextDouble() and previousDouble() methods can generate double values that are higher or lower than other double values. These methods provide another way to specify the limits used by a ChoiceFormat object.

As shown above, you can create a ChoiceFormat object by specifying the limits and formats in two separate arrays. You can also create a ChoiceFormat object using a pattern string that specifies the limits and formats. The string is of the form:

[limit1]#[format1]|[limit2]#[format2]|...

A < character can be used in place of the # to indicate that the next higher number, as determined by nextDouble(), should be used as the limit. The toPattern() method can be used to generate the pattern string for an existing ChoiceFormat object.

Note that you create ChoiceFormat objects directly, rather than through factory methods. This is because ChoiceFormat does not implement any locale-specific behavior. To produce properly internationalized output, the formats for a ChoiceFormat should come from a ResourceBundle instead of being embedded in the code.

Class Summary

public class java.text.ChoiceFormat extends java.text.NumberFormat {
  // Constructors
  public ChoiceFormat(String newPattern);
  public ChoiceFormat(double[] limits, String[] formats);
  // Class Methods
  public static final double nextDouble(double d);
  public static double nextDouble(double d, boolean positive);
  public static final double previousDouble(double d);
  // Instance Methods
  public void applyPattern(String newPattern);
  public Object clone();
  public boolean equals(Object obj);
  public StringBuffer format(double number, 
                      StringBuffer toAppendTo, FieldPosition status);
  public StringBuffer format(long number, 
                      StringBuffer toAppendTo, FieldPosition status);
  public Object[] getFormats();
  public double[] getLimits();
  public int hashCode();
  public Number parse(String text, ParsePosition status);
  public void setChoices(double[] limits, String[] formats);
  public String toPattern();
}

Constructors

ChoiceFormat

public ChoiceFormat(String newPattern)

Parameters

newPattern

The pattern string.

Description

This constructor creates a ChoiceFormat that uses the limits and formats represented by the given pattern string.

public ChoiceFormat(double[] limits, String[] formats)

Parameters

limits

An array of limits. Each element is the lower end of a range that runs up through, but not including, the next element.

formats

An array of format strings that correspond to the limit ranges.

Description

This constructor creates a ChoiceFormat that uses the given limits and format strings

Class Methods

nextDouble

public static final double nextDouble(double d)

Parameters

d

A double value.

Returns

The least double that is greater than d.

Description

This method returns the least double greater than d. Calling this method is equivalent to nextDouble(d, true).

public static double nextDouble(double d, boolean positive)

Parameters

d

A double value.

positive

A boolean value that specifies whether to return the next higher or next lower value.

Returns

If positive is true, the least double that is greater than d. If positive is false, the greatest double that is less than d.

Description

This method finds the next higher or next lower double value from d, depending on the value of positive. If positive is true, the method returns the least double greater than d. Otherwise, the method returns the greatest double less than d.

previousDouble

public static final double previousDouble(double d)

Parameters

d

A double value.

Returns

The greatest double that is less than d.

Description

This method returns the greatest double less than d. Calling this method is equivalent to nextDouble(d, false).

Instance Methods

applyPattern

public void applyPattern(String newPattern)

Parameters

newPattern

The pattern string.

Description

This method tells this ChoiceFormat to use the limits and formats represented by the given formatting pattern string. Pattern strings for ChoiceFormat objects are described above in the class description.

clone

public Object clone()

Returns

A copy of this ChoiceFormat.

Overrides

NumberFormat.clone()

Description

This method creates a copy of this ChoiceFormat and returns it.

equals

public boolean equals(Object obj)

Parameters

obj

The object to be compared with this object.

Returns

true if the objects are equal; false if they are not.

Overrides

Format.equals()

Description

This method returns true if obj is an instance of ChoiceFormat and is equivalent to this ChoiceFormat.

format

 public StringBuffer format(double number, StringBuffer toAppendTo, FieldPosition status) 

Parameters

number

The double value to be formatted.

toAppendTo

A StringBuffer on which to append the formatted information.

status

Ignored.

Returns

The given StringBuffer with the String corresponding to the given number appended to it.

Overrides

NumberFormat.format(double, StringBuffer, FieldPosition)

Description

This method formats the given number and appends the result to the given StringBuffer.

 public StringBuffer format(long number, StringBuffer toAppendTo, FieldPosition status) 

Parameters

number

The long value to be formatted.

toAppendTo

A StringBuffer on which to append the formatted information.

status

Ignored.

Returns

The given StringBuffer with the String corresponding to the given number appended to it.

Overrides

NumberFormat.format(long, StringBuffer, FieldPosition)

Description

This method formats the given number and appends the result to the given StringBuffer.

getFormats

public Object[] getFormats()

Returns

An array that contains the format strings.

Description

This method returns an array containing the current set of format strings.

getLimits

public double[] getLimits()

Returns

An array that contains the limit values.

Description

This method returns an array that contains the current set of limits.

hashCode

public int hashCode()

Returns

A hashcode for this object.

Overrides

NumberFormat.hashCode()

Description

This method returns a hashcode for this ChoiceFormat.

parse

public Number parse(String text, ParsePosition status)

Parameters

text

The string to be parsed.

status

A ParsePosition object that can specify a position in the string.

Returns

A Number object that encapsulates the value that corresponds to the longest format string that matches the text that starts at the given position. If there is no matching format string, the value Double.NaN is returned.

Overrides

NumberFormat.parse(String, ParsePosition)

Description

This method parses a number from the given string, starting from the given position. The method returns a Number object that encapsulates the value that corresponds to the longest format string that matches the text starting at the given position. If there is no matching format string, the method returns the value Double.NaN.

If there is a matching format string, the index value of the given ParsePosition object is incremented by the length of that format string.

setChoices

public void setChoices(double[] limits, String[] formats)

Parameters

limits

An array of limits. Each element is the lower end of a range that runs up through, but not including, the next element.

formats

An array of format strings that correspond to the limit ranges.

Description

This method sets the limits and format strings that this ChoiceFormat uses.

toPattern

public String toPattern()

Returns

The pattern string of this ChoiceFormat.

Description

This method returns a string that represents the limits and format strings of this ChoiceFormat. Pattern strings for ChoiceFormat objects are described above in the class description.

Inherited Methods

Method Inherited From Method Inherited From

finalize()

Object

format(double)

NumberFormat

format(long number)

NumberFormat

format(Object, StringBuffer, FieldPosition)

NumberFormat

getClass()

Object

getMaximumFractionDigits()

NumberFormat

getMaximumIntegerDigits()

NumberFormat

getMinimumFractionDigits()

NumberFormat

getMinimumIntegerDigits()

NumberFormat

isGroupingUsed()

NumberFormat

isParseIntegerOnly()

NumberFormat

notify()

Object

notifyAll()

Object

parse(String)

NumberFormat

parseObject(String)

Format

parseObject(String, ParsePosition)

NumberFormat

setGroupingUsed(boolean)

NumberFormat

setMaximumFractionDigits(int)

NumberFormat

setMaximumIntegerDigits(int)

NumberFormat

setMinimumFractionDigits(int)

NumberFormat

setMinimumIntegerDigits(int)

NumberFormat

setParseIntegerOnly(boolean)

NumberFormat

toString()

Object

wait()

Object

wait(long)

Object

wait(long, int)

Object

See Also

FieldPosition, MessageFormat, Number, NumberFormat, ParsePosition, ResourceBundle, String, StringBuffer


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