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Java Fundamental Classes Reference

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The java.io Package
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InputStreamReader

Name

InputStreamReader

Synopsis

Class Name:

java.io.InputStreamReader

Superclass:

java.io.Reader

Immediate Subclasses:

java.io.FileReader

Interfaces Implemented:

None

Availability:

New as of JDK 1.1

Description

The InputStreamReader class is a bridge between the byte-oriented world of the InputStream class and the character-oriented world of the Reader class. The InputStreamReader represents a character stream, but it gets its input from an underlying byte stream. An encoding scheme is responsible for translating the bytes to Unicode characters. An InputStreamReader can be created using an explicit encoding scheme or a default encoding scheme.

For example, to read an ISO-8859-5 byte stream as a Unicode character stream, you can construct an InputStreamReader with the encoding "8859_5" as follows:

InputStreamReader inr = new InputStreamReader(in, "8859_5");

Each time you read from an InputStreamReader object, bytes may be read from the underlying byte stream. To improve efficiency, you may want to wrap the InputStreamReader in a BufferedReader.

Class Summary

public class java.io.InputStreamReader extends java.io.Reader {
  // Constructors
  public InputStreamReader(InputStream in);
  public InputStreamReader(InputStream in, String enc);
  // Instance Methods
  public void close();
  public String getEncoding();
  public int read();
  public int read(char[] cbuf, int off, int len);
  public boolean ready();
}

Constructors

InputStreamReader

public InputStreamReader(InputStream in)

Parameters

in

The input stream to use.

Description

This constructor creates an InputStreamReader that gets its data from in and translates bytes to characters using the system's default encoding scheme.

 public InputStreamReader(InputStream in, String enc) throws UnsupportedEncodingException 

Parameters

in

The input stream to use.

enc

The name of an encoding scheme.

Throws

UnsupportedEncodingException

If enc is not a supported encoding scheme.

Description

This constructor creates an InputStreamReader that gets its data from in and translates bytes to characters using the given encoding scheme.

Instance Methods

close

public void close() throws IOException

Throws

IOException

If any kind of I/O error occurs.

Overrides

Reader.close()

Description

This method calls the close() method of the underlying input stream, which releases any system resources associated with this object.

getEncoding

public String getEncoding()

Returns

A String that contains the name of the character encoding scheme of this reader.

Description

This method returns the name of the character encoding scheme this InputStreamReader is currently using.

read

public int read() throws IOException

Returns

The next character of data or -1 if the end of the stream is encountered.

Throws

IOException

If any kind of I/O error occurs.

Overrides

Reader.read()

Description

This method reads a character of input. The method returns the next character that has been read and converted from the underlying byte-oriented InputStream. The InputStreamReader class uses buffering internally, so this method returns immediately unless the buffer is empty. If the buffer is empty, a new block of bytes is read from the InputStream and converted to characters. The method blocks until the character is read, the end of stream is encountered, or an exception is thrown.

public int read(char[] cbuf, int off, int len) throws IOException

Parameters

cbuf

An array of characters to be filled from the stream.

off

An offset into the array.

len

The number of characters to read.

Returns

The actual number of characters read or -1 if the end of the stream is encountered immediately.

Throws

IOException

If any kind of I/O error occurs.

Overrides

Reader.read(char[], int, int)

Description

This method reads up to len characters of input into the given array starting at index off. The InputStreamReader class uses buffering internally, so this method returns immediately if there is enough data in the buffer. If there is not enough data, a new block of bytes is read from the InputStream and converted to characters. The method blocks until some data is available.

ready

public boolean ready() throws IOException

Returns

true if the reader is ready to be read; false otherwise.

Throws

IOException

If the reader is closed or any other kind of I/O error occurs.

Overrides

Reader.ready()

Description

This method returns a boolean value that indicates whether or not the reader is ready to be read. If there is data available in the internal buffer or if there are bytes available to be read from the underlying byte stream, the method returns true. Otherwise it returns false.

Inherited Methods

Method

Inherited From

Method

Inherited From

clone()

Object

equals(Object)

Object

finalize()

Object

getClass()

Object

hashCode()

Object

notify()

Object

notifyAll()

Object

mark()

Reader

markSupported()

Reader

read(char[])

Reader

reset()

Reader

skip(long)

Reader

toString()

Object

wait()

Object

wait(long)

Object

wait(long, int)

Object

See Also

BufferedReader, FileReader, InputStream, IOException, , Reader, UnsupportedEncodingException


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