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Java Fundamental Classes Reference

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2.4 StringTokenizer

The java.util.StringTokenizer class provides support for parsing a string into a sequence of words, or tokens, that are separated by some set of delimiter characters. Here is an example of how to use the StringTokenizer class:

StringTokenizer s = new StringTokenizer("This is it");
while (s.hasMoreTokens())
    System.out.println(s.nextToken());

This example begins by creating a StringTokenizer object to pick tokens out of the specified string. The example uses a StringTokenizer constructor that does not specify what delimiters to use, so the new StringTokenizer object uses the default delimiters: space, tab ('\t'), carriage return ('\r'), and newline ('\n').

The while loop does the actual work of getting the tokens from the StringTokenizer object. The hasMoreTokens() method returns true while there are still more tokens to be fetched from the StringTokenizer object, while nextToken() returns the next token. Here is the output from the example:

This
is
it

You can also use a StringTokenizer to extract tokens from a string that uses delimiters other than whitespace. For example, suppose that you need to extract tokens that are separated by commas, such as from a string that looks like this:

abc,def,123,789

In this case, you use a StringTokenizer constructor that takes a parameter that specifies the characters to be treated as delimiters. For example:

StringTokenizer s = new StringTokenizer(commaString, ",");

The second argument to this constructor specifies the delimiter characters, so in this case, the only delimiter character is the comma character.


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