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Java AWT

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java.awt Reference
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Color

Name

Color

[Graphic: Figure from the text]

Description

The Color class represents a specific color to the system.

Class Definition

public final class java.awt.Color
    extends java.lang.Object
    implements java.io.Serializable {
  
  // Constants
  public static final Color black;
  public static final Color blue;
  public static final Color cyan;
  public static final Color darkGray;
  public static final Color gray;
  public static final Color green;
  public static final Color lightGray;
  public static final Color magenta;
  public static final Color orange;
  public static final Color pink;
  public static final Color red;
  public static final Color white;
  public static final Color yellow;
  
  // Constructors
  public Color (int rgb);
  public Color (int red, int green, int blue);
  public Color (float red, float green, float blue);
  
  // Class Methods
  public static Color decode (String name); (New)
  public static Color getColor (String name);
  public static Color getColor (String name, Color defaultColor);
  public static Color getColor (String name, int defaultColor);
  public static Color getHSBColor (float hue, float saturation, 
      float brightness);
  public static int HSBtoRGB (float hue, float saturation, float brightness);
  public static float[] RGBtoHSB (int red, int green, int blue, 
      float hsbvalues[]);
  
  // Instance Methods
  public Color brighter();
  public Color darker();
  public boolean equals (Object object);
  public int getBlue();
  public int getGreen();
  public int getRed();
  public int getRGB();
  public int hashCode();
  public String toString();
}

Constructors

Color

public Color (int rgb)

Parameters

rgb

Composite color value

Description

Constructs a Color object with the given rgb value.

public Color (int red, int green, int blue)

Parameters

red

Red component of color in the range[0, 255]

green

Green component of color in the range[0, 255]

blue

Blue component of color in the range[0, 255]

Description

Constructs a Color object with the given red, green, and blue values.

public Color (float red, float green, float blue)

Parameters

red

Red component of color in the range[0.0, 1.0]

green

Green component of color in the range[0.0, 1.0]

blue

Blue component of color in the range[0.0, 1.0]

Description

Constructs a Color object with the given red, green, and blue values.

Class Methods

decode

public static Color decode (String nm) (New)

Parameters

nm

A String representing a color as a 24-bit integer.

Returns

The color requested.

Throws

NumberFormatException

If nm cannot be converted to a number.

Description

Gets color specified by the given string.

getColor

public static Color getColor (String name)

Parameters

name

The name of a system property indicating which color to fetch.

Returns

Color instance of name requested, or null if the name is invalid.

Description

Gets color specified by the system property name.

public static Color getColor (String name, Color defaultColor)

Parameters

name

The name of a system property indicating which color to fetch.

defaultColor

Color to return if name is not found in properties, or invalid.

Returns

Color instance of name requested, or defaultColor if the name is invalid.

Description

Gets color specified by the system property name.

public static Color getColor (String name, int defaultColor)

Parameters

name

The name of a system property indicating which color to fetch.

defaultColor

Color to return if name is not found in properties, or invalid.

Returns

Color instance of name requested, or defaultColor if the name is invalid.

Description

Gets color specified by the system property name. The default color is specified as a 32-bit RGB value.

getHSBColor

public static Color getHSBColor (float hue, float saturation, float brightness)

Parameters

hue

Hue component of Color to create, in the range[0.0, 1.0].

saturation

Saturation component of Color to create, in the range[0.0, 1.0].

brightness

Brightness component of Color to create, in the range[0.0, 1.0].

Returns

Color instance for values provided.

Description

Create an instance of Color by using hue, saturation, and brightness instead of red, green, and blue values.

HSBtoRGB

public static int HSBtoRGB (float hue, float saturation, float brightness)

Parameters

hue

Hue component of Color to convert, in the range[0.0, 1.0].

saturation

Saturation component of Color to convert, in the range[0.0, 1.0].

brightness

Brightness component of Color to convert, in the range[0.0, 1.0].

Returns

Color value for hue, saturation, and brightness provided.

Description

Converts a specific hue, saturation, and brightness to a Color and returns the red, green, and blue values in a composite integer value.

RGBtoHSB

public static float[] RGBtoHSB (int red, int green, int blue, float[] hsbvalues)

Parameters

red

Red component of Color to convert, in the range[0, 255].

green

Green component of Color to convert, in the range[0, 255].

blue

Blue component of Color to convert, in the range[0, 255].

hsbvalues

Three element array in which to put the result. This array is used as the method's return object. If null, a new array is allocated.

Returns

Hue, saturation, and brightness values for Color provided, in elements 0, 1, and 2 (respectively) of the returned array.

Description

Allows you to convert specific red, green, blue value to the hue, saturation, and brightness equivalent.

Instance Methods

brighter

public Color brighter()

Returns

Brighter version of current color.

Description

Creates new Color that is somewhat brighter than current.

darker

public Color darker()

Returns

Darker version of current color.

Description

Creates new Color that is somewhat darker than current.

equals

public boolean equals (Object object)

Parameters

object

The object to compare.

Returns

true if object represents the same color, false otherwise.

Overrides

Object.equals(Object)

Description

Compares two different Color instances for equivalence.

getBlue

public int getBlue()

Returns

Blue component of current color.

getGreen

public int getGreen()

Returns

Green component of current color.

getRed

public int getRed()

Returns

Red component of current color.

getRGB

public int getRGB()

Returns

Current color as a composite value.

Description

Gets integer value of current color.

hashCode

public int hashCode()

Returns

A hashcode to use when storing Color in a Hashtable.

Overrides

Object.hashCode()

Description

Generates a hashcode for the Color.

toString

public String toString()

Returns

A string representation of the Color object.

Overrides

Object.toString()

See Also

Object, Properties, Serializable, String


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