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HP-UX 11i Version 3: February 2007

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settune() — set the value of a kernel tunable parameter


#include <sys/dyntune.h> int settune(const char *tunable, uint64_t value, unsigned int flags);


This function sets the value of the kernel tunable parameter named tunable to the supplied value. This new value takes effect immediately, except in the cases noted below.

Some parameters cannot be changed without rebooting the kernel. These parameters cannot be changed using settune().

Some parameters represent limits on resources that can be consumed by individual processes. In general, changes to these parameters do not affect processes that are running at the time the change is made; they affect only new programs started (with exec() or an equivalent) after that time. Some specific parameters may be exceptions to this general rule; see the man pages for those parameters for details.

Valid values for the flags parameter and their connotations are:



The value of the tunable parameter is set by the kernel. The value parameter to settune() is ignored.


Sets the tunable parameter to the value and turns off any automatic tuning done by the kernel.

The tuneinfo2() call can give information about whether or not changes to a parameter are allowed or will require a reboot. Some individual parameters may have specific notes regarding their behavior when changed; consult the parameter man pages for details on each specific parameter.

Security Restrictions

The actions associated with this system call require the SYSATTR privilege. Processes owned by the superuser have this privilege. Processes owned by other users may have this privilege, depending on system configuration. See privileges(5) for more information about privileged access on systems that support fine-grained privileges.


This function returns one of the following values:


The value of the specified parameter has been changed.


The function did not complete successfully. The value of the specified parameter has not been changed.


If this function returns STR_ERROR to indicate an error, the global variable errno will be set to one of the following values to indicate the error that occurred:


The specified tunable parameter does not exist.


tunable specifies an address that is inaccessible.


The caller does not have the SYSATTR privilege.


The specified value is not within the acceptable range for the specified parameter.


The value of the parameter could not be changed immediately.


The specified parameter cannot be changed without rebooting the kernel.


The Kernel Registry Service was unavailable or encountered an error.


Insufficient memory to accommodate the new parameter value.


It is possible to seriously degrade system performance, or even render a system unbootable, with incorrect tunable settings. Use care when setting tunable values. Always have a known working kernel configuration saved as a backup; if the system fails to boot after a tunable change, boot from that backup kernel configuration. Keep good records of all tunable changes so that they can be reversed if they degrade system performance. Tunable changes made with settune() are automatically logged to syslog.

If the tunable being changed through settune() is used in expressions that set the values of other tunables, those expressions will not be re-evaluated and those tunable values will not be updated. Note that this behavior may change in future releases of HP-UX. If expression evaluation is desired, use kctune() to set tunable values.

Changes to parameter values made with settune() may not remain effective across reboots. Note that this behavior may change in future releases of HP-UX. If persistence across reboots is desired, use kctune() to set tunable values.


settune() was developed by Hewlett-Packard Company.


kctune(1M), mk_kernel(1M), gettune(2), tuneinfo2(2), privileges(5), and the individual tunable parameter man pages in section 5.

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