mailfrom — summarize mail folders by subject and sender
command reads one or more mail folders
and outputs one line per message in the form:
is the name of the person the message is from, and
is the subject of the message, if present.
determines that the message is from you, the
portion will read
is the user the message was sent to.
This happens when you receive a copy of a letter you sent.
The default folder is your incoming mailbox,
See the Operands subsection below.
recognizes the following options:
Print a brief help message summarizing the options.
Number the messages using the same numbering scheme used by
Very quiet mode.
Only error messages are produced.
This option is useful in shell scripts,
where only the success or failure of the program is important,
and output is not desired.
Output only a one-line summary for each mailbox or folder.
Add a summary of the number of messages by message status in each
mailbox or folder.
To get the summary only,
use this with the
The summary has the form:
New messages: n
Unread messages: u
Read messages: r
If an item count,
is zero, the line is omitted.
- -s status
Only display headers from messages with the given status.
can be one of
option can be repeated to print header information
from more than one category,
for example, only new and unread messages.
The values can be abbreviated to their first letters.
The default is all messages.
field is long enough to displace the
field from its normal start column,
move the subject down onto the next line.
Print a descriptive header before listing
the contents of each mailbox or folder.
recognizes the following optional operands:
A file name or the name of a mail user on your system.
You can use the
format to specify a folder in your mail directory, defined by the
string variable in your
searches for the value as a file name relative to your current directory.
Then, if the file name is not an absolute path,
it searches for the value relative to the incoming mailbox directory,
The first file found is selected.
You must have read access to the file.
returns the following values:
No messages matching
are present, but there are some messages.
There are no messages at all.
An error occurred.
If multiple mailboxes or folders are specified,
the exit status only applies to the last one examined.
This can be used in scripts to determine what kind of mail a user has.
Display header information from all the messages in your mailbox.
Display header information from all new messages in your mailbox.
Assuming you have the proper file permissions to read
print out header information from all new and unread messages in
mailfrom -s new -s unread guest
Print only a summary of how many new, unread, and read messages
are in your incoming mailbox.
was developed by HP.
Directory of incoming mailboxes.