Jump to content United States-English
HP.com Home Products and Services Support and Drivers Solutions How to Buy
» Contact HP
More options
HP.com home
HP-UX Reference > C


HP-UX 11i Version 3: February 2007

Technical documentation

» Feedback
Content starts here

 » Table of Contents

 » Index


cos(), cosf(), cosl(), cosw(), cosq() — cosine functions


#include <math.h>

double cos(double x);

float cosf(float x);

HP Integrity Server Only

long double cosl(long double x);

extended cosw(extended x);

quad cosq(quad x);


cos() returns the cosine of x (x specified in radians).

On PA-RISC systems, cos() may lose accuracy when x is far from zero.

cosf() is a float version of cos(); it takes a float argument and returns a float result.

Integrity Server Only

cosl() is a long double version of cos(); it takes a long double argument and returns a long double result.

cosw() is an extended version of cos(); it takes an extended argument and returns an extended result.

cosq() is equivalent to cosl() on HP-UX systems.


To use these functions compile either with the default -Ae option or with the -Aa and the -D_HPUX_SOURCE options.

To use (for Integrity servers) cosw() or cosq(), compile also with the -fpwidetypes option.

To use any of these functions, make sure your program includes <math.h>, and link in the math library by specifying -lm on the compiler or linker command line.

For more information, see the HP-UX floating-point guide for HP Integrity servers at the following site: http://www.hp.com/go/fp.


Millicode versions of the cos() and cosf() functions are available. Millicode versions of math library functions are usually faster than their counterparts in the standard library. To use these versions, compile your program with the +Olibcalls or the +Oaggressive optimization option.

For special cases, the millicode versions return the same values as their standard library counterparts (see the RETURN VALUE section).


cos(±0) returns 1.

If x is ±INFINITY, cos() returns NaN and raises the invalid exception.

If x is NaN, cos() returns NaN.

When it raises no other exception, whether cos() raises the inexact exception is unspecified.


No errors are defined.


cos() : SVID3, XPG4.2, ANSI C, ISO/IEC C99 (including Annex F, ``IEC 60559 floating-point arithmetic'')

cosf(), cosl() : ISO/IEC C99 (including Annex F, ``IEC 60559 floating-point arithmetic'')

Printable version
Privacy statement Using this site means you accept its terms Feedback to webmaster
© 1983-2007 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P.