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RJ connector
registered jack connector: Is used with twisted-pair wiring
to connect the copper wire to network interface cards, switches, and hubs.
robbed bit signaling
Used in Primary Rate Interface clocking
read-only memory: Chip used in computers to help boot the device.
Cisco routers use a ROM chip to load the bootstrap, which runs a power-on
self test, and then find and load the IOS in flash memory by default.
root bridge
Used with the Spanning Tree Protocol to stop network loops
from occurring. The root bridge is elected by having the lowest bridge ID.
The bridge ID is determined by the priority (32,768 by default on all bridges
and switches) and the main hardware address of the device. The root bridge
determines which of the neighboring Layer 2 devices' interfaces become the
designated and nondesignated ports.
routed protocol
Routed protocols (such as IP and IPX) are used to
transmit user data through an internetwork. By contrast, routing protocols
(such as RIP, IGRP, and OSPF) are used to update routing tables between
route redistribution
Translation of routing information from one type of
routing protocol to another. See also: redistribution.
route poisoning
Used by various DV routing protocols in order to over-
come large routing loops and offer explicit information about when a subnet
or network is not accessible (instead of merely suggesting that the network
is unreachable by not including it in updates). Typically, this is accomplished
by setting the hop count to one more than maximum. See also: poison
reverse updates.
route summarization
In various routing protocols, such as OSPF,
EIGRP, and IS-IS, the consolidation of publicized subnetwork addresses so
that a single summary route is advertised to other areas by an area border
A Network layer mechanism, either software or hardware, using
one or more metrics to decide on the best path to use for transmission of net-
work traffic. Sending packets between networks by routers is based on the
information provided on Network layers. Historically, this device has some-
times been called a gateway.
Copyright ©2001 SYBEX , Inc., Alameda, CA