A routing protocol that sends subnet mask information
along with route updates. Used in classless routing.
Layer 6 of the OSI reference model, it defines how
data is formatted, presented, encoded, and converted for use by software at
the application layer. See also: Application layer, Data Link layer, Network
layer, Physical layer, Session layer, and Transport layer.
Primary Rate Interface: A type of ISDN connection between a PBX and
a long-distance carrier, which is made up of a single 64Kbps D channel in
addition to 23 (T1) or 30 (E1) B channels. See also: ISDN.
A routing function in which frames temporarily placed
in an interface output queue are assigned priorities based on traits such as
packet size or type of interface.
As a packet arrives on a router to be forwarded, it's
copied to the router's process buffer, and the router performs a lookup on
the Layer 3 address. Using the route table, an exit interface is associated with
the destination address. The processor forwards the packet with the added
new information to the exit interface, while the router initializes the fast-
switching cache. Subsequent packets bound for the same destination address
follow the same path as the first packet.
programmable read-only memory: ROM that is programmable
only once, using special equipment. Compare with: EPROM.
The time it takes data to traverse a network from its
source to its destination.
In networking, the specification of a set of rules for a particular
type of communication. The term is also used to refer to the software that
implements a protocol.
A collection of related protocols.
Proxy Address Resolution Protocol: Used to allow redundancy
in case of a failure with the configured default gateway on a host. Proxy ARP
is a variation of the ARP protocol in which an intermediate device, such as
a router, sends an ARP response on behalf of an end node to the
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