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I want to thank my family for their patience and assistance in this effort.

Kris, I love you, it’s as simple as that.

Eddie and Tyler, you’re both fascinating and I learn more from each of you each day. I love you both very much.

I also need to thank:

  Bob Collins
  Sean Stinson, Deb McMahon, Theran Lee, and the Schwabies
  George, Steve, Milind, and the rest of the Cisco kids

While there are times where I don’t know if I should thank him or kick him, I need to acknowledge Todd for making my life even more of a hectic event.

Thanks to all of the copy editors and technical editors—there were a lot. A special note of thanks to Dave, who kept me on my toes and challenged me to the point of irritation, and Emily, who may have persuaded me to never go down to Australia. It’s a better book because of all of the editors, and I am grateful for their insight and diligence. I also want to thank Julie, Linda R., Lance S., Dann, Neil, and Linda L. for their assistance.

Then, of course, there is the whole Production crew—Shannon M., Nila N., Tony J., Keith M., Kara S., Patrick P., Dave N., Alison M., and Laurie O. Without them, this book would be nothing but a bunch of files.


This book is intended to help you continue on your exciting new path toward obtaining your CCDP and CCIE certification. Before reading this book, it is important to have at least studied the Sybex CCNA Study Guide. You can take the tests in any order, but the CCNA exam should probably be your first test. It would also be beneficial to have read the Sybex ACRC Study Guide. Many questions in the CID exam build upon the CCNA and ACRC material. We’ve done everything possible to make sure that you can pass the CID exam by reading this book and practicing with Cisco routers and switches. Note that compared to most other Cisco certifications, the CID exam is more theoretical. Practical experience will help you, especially in regard to Chapters 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, and 10. You’ll benefit from hands-on experience in the other chapters, but to a lesser degree.

Cisco—A Brief History

Many readers may already be familiar with Cisco and what it does. However, the story of the company’s creation and evolution is quite interesting.

In the early 1980s, Len and Sandy Bosack worked in different computer departments at Stanford University and started cisco Systems (notice the small c). They were having trouble getting their individual systems to communicate (like some married people), so they created a gateway server in their living room to make it easier for their disparate computers in two different departments to communicate using the IP protocol.

In 1984, Cisco Systems was founded with a small commercial gateway server product that changed networking forever. Some people think that the name was intended to be San Francisco Systems, but that the paper got ripped on the way to the incorporation lawyers—who knows? But in 1992, the company name was changed to Cisco Systems, Inc.

The first product it marketed was called the Advanced Gateway Server (AGS). Then came the Mid-Range Gateway Server (MGS), the Compact Gateway Server (CGS), the Integrated Gateway Server (IGS), and the AGS+. Cisco calls these “the old alphabet soup products.”

In 1993, Cisco came out with the then-amazing 4000 router, and later created the even more amazing 7000, 2000, and 3000 series routers. While the product line has grown beyond the technologies found in these platforms, the products still owe a substantial debt of gratitude to these early systems. Today’s GSR product can forward millions more packets than the 7000, for example. Cisco Systems has since become an unrivaled worldwide leader in networking for the Internet. Its networking solutions can easily connect users who work from diverse devices on disparate networks. Cisco products make it simple for people to access and transfer information without regard to differences in time, place, or platform.

Cisco Systems’ big picture is that it provides end-to-end networking solutions that customers can use to build an efficient, unified information infrastructure of their own or to connect to someone else’s. This is an important piece in the Internet/networking-industry puzzle because a common architecture that delivers consistent network services to all users is now a functional imperative. Because Cisco Systems offers such a broad range of networking and Internet services and capabilities, users needing regular access to their local network or the Internet can do so unhindered, making Cisco’s wares indispensable. The company has also challenged the industry by acquiring and integrating other technologies into its own.

Cisco answers users’ need for access with a wide range of hardware products that are used to form information networks using the Cisco Internet Operating System (IOS) software. This software provides network services, paving the way for networked technical support and professional services to maintain and optimize all network operations.

Along with the Cisco IOS, one of the services Cisco created to help support the vast amount of hardware it has engineered is the Cisco Certified Internetworking Expert (CCIE) program, which was designed specifically to equip people to manage effectively the vast quantity of installed Cisco networks. The business plan is simple: If you want to sell more Cisco equipment and have more Cisco networks installed, you must ensure that the networks you installed run properly.

However, having a fabulous product line isn’t all it takes to guarantee the huge success that Cisco enjoys—lots of companies with great products are now defunct. If you have complicated products designed to solve complicated problems, you need knowledgeable people who are fully capable of installing, managing, and troubleshooting them. That part isn’t easy, so Cisco began the CCIE program to equip people to support these complicated networks. This program, known colloquially as the Doctorate of Networking, has also been very successful, primarily due to its stringent standards. Cisco continuously monitors the program, changing it as it sees fit, to make sure that it remains pertinent and accurately reflects the demands of today’s internetworking business environments.

Building upon the highly successful CCIE program, Cisco Career Certifications permit you to become certified at various levels of technical proficiency, spanning the disciplines of network design and support. So, whether you’re beginning a career, changing careers, securing your present position, or seeking to refine and promote your position, this is the book for you!

Cisco’s Network Support Certifications

Cisco has created new certifications that will help you get the coveted CCIE, as well as aid prospective employers in measuring skill levels. Before these new certifications, you took only one test and were then faced with the lab, which made it difficult to succeed. With these new certifications that offer a better approach to preparing for that almighty lab, Cisco has opened doors that few were allowed through before. So, what are these new certifications, and how do they help you get your CCIE?

Cisco Certified Network Associate (CCNA)

The CCNA certification is the first in the new line of Cisco certifications, and it is a precursor to all current Cisco network support certifications. With the new certification programs, Cisco has created a type of stepping-stone approach to CCIE certification. Now, you can become a Cisco Certified Network Associate for the meager cost of the Sybex CCNA Study Guide, plus $100 for the test. And you don’t have to stop there—you can choose to continue with your studies and achieve a higher certification called the Cisco Certified Network Professional (CCNP). Someone with a CCNP has all the skills and knowledge required to attempt the CCIE lab. However, because no textbook can take the place of practical experience, we’ll discuss what else you need to be ready for the CCIE lab shortly.

Why Become a CCNA?

Cisco has created the certification process, not unlike those of Microsoft or Novell, to give administrators a set of skills and to equip prospective employers with a way to measure skills or match certain criteria. Becoming a CCNA can be the initial step of a successful journey toward a new, highly rewarding, and sustainable career.

The CCNA program was created to provide a solid introduction not only to the Cisco Internet Operating System (IOS) and Cisco hardware, but to internetworking in general. This program can provide some help in understanding networking areas that are not exclusively Cisco’s. At this point in the certification process, it’s not unrealistic to imagine that future network managers—even those without Cisco equipment—could easily require Cisco certifications for their job applicants.

If you make it through the CCNA and are still interested in Cisco and internetworking, you’re headed down a path to certain success.

To meet the CCNA certification skill level, you must be able to do the following:

  Install, configure, and operate simple-routed LAN, routed WAN, and switched LAN and LANE networks.
  Understand and be able to configure IP, IGRP, IPX, Serial, AppleTalk, Frame Relay, IP RIP, VLANs, IPX RIP, Ethernet, and access lists.
  Install and/or configure a network.
  Optimize WAN through Internet-access solutions that reduce bandwidth and WAN costs, using features such as filtering with access lists, bandwidth on demand (BOD), and dial-on-demand routing (DDR).
  Provide remote access by integrating dial-up connectivity with traditional remote LAN-to-LAN access, as well as supporting the higher levels of performance required for new applications such as Internet commerce, multimedia, etc.

How Do You Become a CCNA?

The first step is to pass one “little” test and poof—you’re a CCNA! (Don’t you wish it were that easy?) True, it’s just one test, but you still have to possess enough knowledge to understand (and read between the lines—trust us) what the test writers are saying.

We can’t say this enough—it’s critical that you have some hands-on experience with Cisco routers. If you can get hold of some 2500 routers, you’re set. But in case you can’t, we’ve worked hard to provide hundreds of configuration examples throughout the Sybex CCNA Study Guide book to help network administrators (or people who want to become network administrators) learn what they need to know to pass the CCNA exam.

One way to get the hands-on router experience you’ll need in the real world is to attend one of the seminars offered by GlobalNet System Solutions, Inc. Please check for more information and free router giveaways every month! Cyberstate University also provides hands-on Cisco router courses over the Internet using the Sybex Cisco Certification series books. Go to for more information. In addition, Keystone Learning Systems ( offers the popular Cisco video certification series, featuring Todd Lammle.

For online access to Cisco equipment, readers should take a look at

It can also be helpful to take an Introduction to Cisco Router Configuration (ICRC) course at an authorized Cisco Education Center, but you should understand that this class doesn’t meet all of the test objectives. If you decide to take the course, reading the Sybex CCNA Study Guide, in conjunction with the hands-on course, will give you the knowledge that you need for certification.

A Cisco router simulator that allows you to practice your routing skills for preparation of your Cisco exams is available at

For additional practice exams for all Cisco certification courses, please visit

Cisco Certified Network Professional (CCNP)

This Cisco certification has opened up many opportunities for the individual wishing to become Cisco-certified, but who is lacking the training, the expertise, or the bucks to pass the notorious and often-failed two-day Cisco torture lab. The new Cisco certification will truly provide exciting new opportunities for the CNE and MCSE who just don’t know how to advance to a higher level.

So, you’re thinking, “Great, what do I do after I pass the CCNA exam?” Well, if you want to become a CCIE in Routing and Switching (the most popular certification), understand that there’s more than one path to that much-coveted CCIE certification. The first way is to continue studying and become a CCNP. That means four more tests—and the CCNA certification—to you.

The CCNP program will prepare you to understand and comprehensively tackle the internetworking issues of today and beyond—not just those limited to the Cisco world. You will undergo an immense metamorphosis, vastly increasing your knowledge and skills through the process of obtaining these certifications.

Remember that you don’t need to be a CCNP or even a CCNA to take the CCIE lab, but it’s extremely helpful if you already have these certifications.

What Are the CCNP Certification Skills?

Cisco demands a certain level of proficiency for its CCNP certification. In addition to those skills required for the CCNA, these skills include the following:

  Installing, configuring, operating, and troubleshooting complex routed LAN, routed WAN, and switched LAN networks, and Dial Access Services.
  Understanding complex networks, such as IP, IGRP, IPX, Async Routing, AppleTalk, extended access lists, IP RIP, route redistribution, IPX RIP, route summarization, OSPF, VLSM, BGP, Serial, IGRP, Frame Relay, ISDN, ISL, X.25, DDR, PSTN, PPP, VLANs, Ethernet, ATM LAN emulation, access lists, 802.10, FDDI, and transparent and translational bridging.

To meet the Cisco Certified Network Professional requirements, you must be able to perform the following:

  Install and/or configure a network to increase bandwidth, quicken network response times, and improve reliability and quality of service.
  Maximize performance through campus LANs, routed WANs, and remote access.
  Improve network security.
  Create a global intranet.
  Provide access security to campus switches and routers.
  Provide increased switching and routing bandwidth—end-to-end resiliency services.
  Provide custom queuing and routed priority services.

How Do You Become a CCNP?

After becoming a CCNA, the four exams you must take to get your CCNP are as follows:

  Exam 640-503: Routing continues to build on the fundamentals learned in the ICND course. It focuses on large multiprotocol inter-networks and how to manage them with access lists, queuing, tunneling, route distribution, route summarization, and dial-on-demand.
  Exam 640-504: Switching tests your understanding of configuring, monitoring, and troubleshooting the Cisco 1900 and 5000 Catalyst switching products.
  Exam 640-505: Remote Access tests your knowledge of installing, configuring, monitoring, and troubleshooting Cisco ISDN and dial-up access products.
  Exam 640-506: Support tests you on the troubleshooting information you learned in the other Cisco courses.

If you hate tests, you can take fewer of them by signing up for the CCNA exam and the Support exam, and then taking just one more long exam called the Foundation R/S exam (640-509). Doing this also gives you your CCNP—but beware, it’s a really long test that fuses all the material listed previously into one exam. Good luck! However, by taking this exam, you get three tests for the price of two, which saves you $100 (if you pass). Some people think it’s easier to take the Foundation R/S exam because you can leverage the areas in which you score higher against the areas in which you score lower.

Remember that test objectives and tests can change at any time without notice. Always check the Cisco Web site for the most up-to-date information (

Cisco Certified Internetwork Expert (CCIE)

You’ve become a CCNP, and now you’ve fixed your sights on getting your CCIE in Routing and Switching—what do you do next? Cisco recommends that before you take the lab, you take test 640-025, Cisco Internetwork Design (CID), and the Cisco authorized course called Installing and Maintaining Cisco Routers (IMCR). By the way, no Prometric test for IMCR exists at the time of this writing, and Cisco recommends a minimum of two years of on-the-job experience before taking the CCIE lab. After jumping those hurdles, you then have to pass the CCIE-R/S Exam Qualification (exam 350-001) before taking the actual lab.

To become a CCIE, Cisco recommends the following:

1.  Attend all the recommended courses at an authorized Cisco training center and pony up around $15,000–$20,000, depending on your corporate discount.
2.  Pass the Drake/Prometric exam ($200 per exam—so let’s hope you’ll pass it the first time).
3.  Pass the two-day, hands-on lab at Cisco. This costs $1,000 per lab, which many people fail two or more times. (Some never make it through!) Also, because you can take the exam only in San Jose, California; Research Triangle Park, North Carolina; Sydney, Australia; Halifax, Nova Scotia; Tokyo, Japan; or Brussels, Belgium, you might need to add travel costs to this figure.

The CCIE Skills

The CCIE Router and Switching exam includes the advanced technical skills that are required to maintain optimum network performance and reliability, as well as advanced skills in supporting diverse networks that use disparate technologies. CCIEs have no problems getting a job. These experts are basically inundated with offers to work for six-figure salaries! But that’s because it isn’t easy to attain the level of capability that is mandatory for Cisco’s CCIE. For example, a CCIE will have the following skills down pat:

  Installing, configuring, operating, and troubleshooting complex routed LAN, routed WAN, switched LAN, and ATM LANE networks, and Dial Access Services.
  Diagnosing and resolving network faults.
  Using packet/frame analysis and Cisco debugging tools.
  Documenting and reporting the problem-solving processes used.
  Having general LAN/WAN knowledge, including data encapsulation and layering; windowing and flow control and their relation to delay; error detection and recovery; link-state, distance-vector, and switching algorithms; and management, monitoring, and fault isolation.
  Having knowledge of a variety of corporate technologies—including major services provided by Desktop, WAN, and Internet groups—as well as the functions, addressing structures, and routing, switching, and bridging implications of each of their protocols.
  Having knowledge of Cisco-specific technologies, including router/ switch platforms, architectures, and applications; communication servers; protocol translation and applications; configuration commands and system/network impact; and LAN/WAN interfaces, capabilities, and applications.

Cisco’s Network Design Certifications

In addition to the Network Support certifications, Cisco has created another certification track for network designers. The two certifications within this track are the Cisco Certified Design Associate and Cisco Certified Design Professional certifications. If you’re reaching for the CCIE stars, we highly recommend the CCNP and CCDP certifications before attempting the lab (or attempting to advance your career).

These certifications will give you the knowledge to design routed LAN, routed WAN, and switched LAN and ATM LANE networks.

Cisco Certified Design Associate (CCDA)

To become a CCDA, you must pass the DCN (Designing Cisco Networks) test (640-441). To pass this test, you must understand how to do the following:

  Design simple routed LAN, routed WAN, and switched LAN and ATM LANE networks.
  Use network-layer addressing.
  Filter with access lists.
  Use and propagate VLAN.
  Size networks.

The Sybex CCDA Study Guide is the most cost-effective way to study for and pass your CCDA exam.

Cisco Certified Design Professional (CCDP)

It is surprising that the Cisco’s CCDP track has not garnered the response of the other certifications. It is also ironic, because many of the higher paying jobs in networking focus on design. In addition, the other certifications, including the CCIE, tend to focus more on laboratory scenarios and problem resolution, while the CCDP and CID exams look more at problem prevention. It is important to note that Cisco highly recommends the CID examination for people planning to take the CCIE written exam.

What Are the CCDP Certification Skills?

CCDP builds upon the concepts introduced at the CCDA level, but adds the following skills:

  Designing complex routed LAN, routed WAN, and switched LAN and ATM LANE networks.
  Building upon the base level of the CCDA technical knowledge.

CCDPs must also demonstrate proficiency in the following:

  Network-layer addressing in a hierarchical environment.
  Traffic management with access lists.
  Hierarchical network design.
  VLAN use and propagation.
  Performance considerations, including required hardware and software, switching engines, memory, cost, and minimization.

How Do You Become a CCDP?

Attaining your CCDP certification is a fairly straightforward process, although Cisco provides two different testing options once a candidate passes the CCDA examination (640-441), which covers the basics of designing Cisco networks, and the CCNA (640-507). Applicants may then take a single Foundation Exam (640-509) or the three individual exams that the Foundation Exam replaces: Routing, Switching, and Remote Access (640-503, 640-504, and 640-505, respectively). The Foundation Exam will save you some money if you pass, but it is a much longer test that encompasses the material presented in the three other examinations. Note that the CCNP requires these same tests, except for the CCDA.

Following these two certifications and the noted exams, applicants must pass only the CID examination (640-025) to earn their CCDP. In the process, applicants will have earned three different certifications. Furthermore, many of the tests are applicable to the CCNP certification track.

What Does This Book Cover?

This book covers everything you need to pass the CCDP: Cisco Internetwork Design exam. In concert with the objectives, the exam is designed to test your knowledge of theoretical network design criteria and the practical application of that material. Each chapter begins with a list of the CCDP: CID test objectives covered.

Chapter 1 provides an introduction to network design and presents the design models that are used in the industry, including the hierarchical model. The benefits and detriments of these models are discussed.

The tools used in network designs are introduced in Chapter 2. These include switches, routers, hubs, and repeaters.

Chapter 3 addresses the IP protocol and the many challenges that can confront the network designer, including variable-length subnet masks and IP address conservation.

The various IP routing protocols are presented in Chapter 4, including IGRP, EIGRP, and OSPF. This chapter is augmented with information on ODR and new routing techniques that are becoming important for the modern network designer.

Chapter 5 presents AppleTalk networking, including the benefits and detriments of the protocol. It is important to note that while the AppleTalk protocol is losing market share in production networks, it is still covered in the CID exam.

Chapter 6 focuses on Novell networking and the IPX protocol. Like AppleTalk, IPX provides the designer with many benefits. The protocol is also being slowly phased out in favor of IP, but, like AppleTalk, it is still part of the CID examination.

Windows networking and the NetBIOS protocol are presented in Chapter 7. This popular operating system requires knowledge of address and name management (DHCP, WINS, and DNS), in addition to an understanding of the protocols that can transport NetBIOS packets, including IPX, IP, and NetBEUI. The issue of broadcasts in desktop protocols is also covered in this chapter.

Chapter 8 presents the wide-area network (WAN) technologies, including SMDS, Frame Relay, and ATM. This presentation focuses on the characteristics of each technology.

Chapter 9 addresses the remote-access technologies, including asynchronous dial-up, ISDN, and X.25. In addition, this chapter adds to the Cisco objectives by including DSL and cable-modem technologies.

SNA networking and mainframes are covered in Chapter 10. This chapter introduces the ways to integrate SNA networks into modern, large-scale routed environments, using technologies including STUN, RSRB, DSLW+, and APPN.

Chapter 11 focuses on security as a component of network design. This includes the placement and use of firewalls and access lists in the network.

Chapter 12 summarizes the text and provides an overview of the network management.

Chapter 13 departs from the somewhat dated CID exam objectives and introduces a few of the more current issues and challenges facing modern network designers. This section covers IP multicast, VPN technology, and encryption.

Within each chapter there are a number of sidebars titled “Network Design in the Real World.” This material may either augment the main text or present additional information that can assist the network designer in applying the material. Each chapter ends with review questions that are specifically designed to help you retain the knowledge presented.

We’ve included an objective map on the inside front cover of this book that helps you find all the information relevant to each objective in this book. Keep in mind that all of the actual exam objectives covered in a particular chapter are listed at the beginning of that chapter.

Where Do You Take the Exam?

You may take the exams at any of the more than 800 Sylvan Prometric Authorized Testing Centers around the world. For the location of a testing center near you, call (800) 755-3926, or go to their Web site at Outside of the United States and Canada, contact your local Sylvan Prometric Registration Center.

To register for a Cisco Certified Network Professional exam:

1.  Determine the number of the exam you want to take. (The CID exam number is 640-025.)
2.  Register with the nearest Sylvan Prometric Registration Center. At this point, you will be asked to pay in advance for the exam. At the time of this writing, the exams are $100 each and must be taken within one year of payment. You can schedule exams up to six weeks in advance or as soon as one working day prior to the day you wish to take it. If you need to cancel or reschedule your exam appointment, contact Sylvan Prometric at least 24 hours in advance. Same-day registration isn’t available for the Cisco tests.
3.  When you schedule the exam, you’ll get instructions regarding all appointment and cancellation procedures, the ID requirements, and information about the testing-center location.

Tips for Taking Your CID Exam

The CCDP CID test contains about 100 questions to be completed in 90 minutes. You must schedule a test at least 24 hours in advance (unlike the Novell or Microsoft exams), and you aren’t allowed to take more than one Cisco exam per day.

Unlike Microsoft or Novell tests, the exam has answer choices that are really similar in syntax—although some syntax is dead wrong, it is usually just subtly wrong. Some other syntax choices may be right, but they’re shown in the wrong order. Cisco does split hairs and is not at all averse to giving you classic trick questions.

Also, never forget that the right answer is the Cisco answer. In many cases, more than one appropriate answer is presented, but the correct answer is the one that Cisco recommends.

Here are some general tips for exam success:

  Arrive early at the exam center, so you can relax and review your study materials.
  Read the questions carefully. Don’t just jump to conclusions. Make sure that you’re clear about exactly what each question asks.
  Don’t leave any questions unanswered. They count against you.
  When answering multiple-choice questions that you’re not sure about, use a process of elimination to get rid of the obviously incorrect answers first. Doing this greatly improves your odds if you need to make an educated guess.
  As of this writing, the CID exam permits skipping questions and reviewing previous answers. However, this is changing on all Cisco exams, and so you should prepare as though this option will not be available.

After you complete an exam, you’ll get immediate, online notification of your pass or fail status, a printed Examination Score Report that indicates your pass or fail status, and your exam results by section. (The test administrator will give you the printed score report.) Test scores are automatically forwarded to Cisco within five working days after you take the test, so you don’t need to send your score to them. If you pass the exam, you’ll receive confirmation from Cisco, typically within two to four weeks.

Appendix C lists a number of additional Web sites that can further assist you with research and test questions.

How to Use This Book

This book can provide a solid foundation for the serious effort of preparing for the Cisco Certified Network Professional CID (Cisco Internetwork Design) exam. To best benefit from this book, use the following study method:

1.  Study each chapter carefully, making sure that you fully understand the information and the test objectives listed at the beginning of each chapter.
2.  Answer the review questions related to that chapter. (The answers are in Appendix A.)
3.  Note the questions that confuse you, and study those sections of the book again.
4.  Before taking the exam, try your hand at the practice exams that are included on the CD that comes with this book. They’ll give you a complete overview of what you can expect to see on the real thing. Note that the CD contains questions not included in the book.
5.  Remember to use the products on the CD that is included with this book. Visio, EtherPeek, and the EdgeTest exam-preparation software have all been specifically picked to help you study for and pass your exam.

To learn all the material covered in this book, you’ll have to apply yourself regularly and with discipline. Try to set aside the same time period every day to study, and select a comfortable and quiet place to do so. If you work hard, you will be surprised at how quickly you learn this material. All the best!

What’s on the CD?

We worked hard to provide some really great tools to help you with your certification process. All of the following components should be loaded on your workstation when studying for the test.

The EdgeTest for Cisco CID Test Preparation Software

Provided by EdgeTek Learning Systems, this test-preparation software prepares you to pass the Cisco Internetwork Design exam. To find more test-simulation software for all Cisco and NT exams, look for the exam link on

AG Group NetSense and AGNetTools

Two AG Group products appear on the CD that accompanies this book: the Windows demonstration software of NetSense and the freeware version of AGNetTools. With NetSense, you can perform expert analysis of peer-to-peer conversations in packets captured from EtherPeek or TokenPeek, both of which are available as demonstration software at You’ll find a link to their Web site on the CD interface. AGNetTools is an interface- and menu-driven IP tool compilation.

You can find out more information about AG Group and its products at

How to Contact the Authors

To reach Robert Padjen, send him e-mail at Robert provides consulting services to a wide variety of clients, including Charles Schwab and the California State Automobile Association.

You can reach Todd Lammle through GlobalNet Training Solutions, Inc. (—his Training and Systems Integration Company in Colorado—or e-mail him at

Assessment Test

1.  A LANE installation requires what three components?
2.  In modern networks, SNA is a disadvantage because of what limitation?
3.  The native, non-routable encapsulation for NetBIOS is _______.
4.  The FEP runs VTAM. True or false?
5.  Switches operate at ______ of the OSI model.
6.  ATM uses ________ in AAL 5 encapsulation.
7.  Clients locate the server in Novell networks by sending a _________ request.
8.  Most network management tools use ______ to communicate with devices.
9.  The address is part of what class?
10.  The formula for determining the number of circuits needed for a full-mesh topology is ______________.
11.  A remote gateway provides support for ________ application/ applications.
12.  An IP network with a mask of supports how many hosts per subnet?
13.  ISDN BRI provides _________.
14.  The RIF is part of a/an ____________ frame.
15.  Local acknowledgment provides _______________ system response for remote nodes.
16.  OSPF is a _______________ protocol.
17.  AppleTalk networks automatically define the node number. The administrator or designer assigns a _____________ to define the network number.
18.  EIGRP does not support variable length subnet masks. True or false?
19.  It is most practical to establish a remote ________ configuration so that all services are available to remote users.
20.  RSRB allows SNA traffic to traverse non-____________ segments.
21.  Networks with a core, access, and distribution layer are called _______.
22.  Multilink Multichassis PPP uses what proprietary protocol?
23.  Hub-and-spoke networks could also be called ________.
24.  What datagrams are typically forwarded with the ip helper-address command?
25.  Type 20 packets are used for what function?
26.  A user operates a session running on a remote workstation or server from home as if they were physically there. What is this called?
27.  What is Cisco’s product for IPX-to-IP gateway services called?
28.  What is the routing protocol of the Internet?
29.  What is a link with 2B and 1D channels called?
30.  Multicast addresses are part of what class?
31.  Information about logical groupings in AppleTalk is contained in __________.
32.  What are L2TP, IPSec, and L2F typically used for?
33.  TACACS+ and RADIUS provide what services?
34.  What is an FEP?
35.  For voice, video, and data integration, designers should use which WAN protocol?
36.  What is the default administrative distance for OSPF?
37.  Network monitoring relies on what protocol?
38.  What is a connection via dial-up, ISDN, or another technology that places a remote workstation on the corporate network as if they were directly connected called?
39.  What does HSRP provide the designer?
40.  VLSM is supported in which of the following routing protocols?
C.  RIP v2
D.  RIP v1

Answers to Assessment Test

1.  LES, LEC, and BUS. See Chapter 8.
2.  It is not routable. In addition, it is very sensitive to delay. See Chapter 10.
3.  NetBEUI. See Chapter 7.
4.  False. See Chapter 10.
5.  Layer 2. See Chapter 2.
6.  53-byte cells, 48 of which are used for user data. See Chapter 8.
7.  Get Nearest Server. See Chapter 6.
8.  SNMP. See Chapter 12.
9.  None. This network is reserved for the loopback function. See Chapter 3.
10.  N * (N–1) / 2. See Chapter 8.
11.  A single. See Chapter 9.
12.  Two. See Chapter 3.
13.  Two B channels of 64Kbps each and one D channel of 16Kbps. See Chapter 9.
14.  Token Ring. See Chapter 10.
15.  Improved. See Chapter 10.
16.  Link-state. See Chapter 4.
17.  Cable-range. See Chapter 5.
18.  False. See Chapter 4.
19.  Node. See Chapter 9.
20.  Token Ring. See Chapter 10.
21.  Hierarchical. See Chapter 1.
22.  Stackgroup Bidding Protocol (SGBP). See Chapter 9.
23.  Star. See Chapter 1.
24.  DHCP, although this command also forwards seven additional datagrams. See Chapter 7.
25.  NetBIOS over IPX. See Chapter 6.
26.  Remote control. See Chapter 9.
27.  IP eXchange. See Chapter 6.
28.  BGP. See Chapter 4.
29.  ISDN BRI. See Chapter 9.
30.  Class D. See Chapter 13.
31.  Zone Information Protocol (ZIP) packets. See Chapter 5.
32.  VPNs. See Chapter 9.
33.  Centralized authentication. See Chapter 11.
34.  A front-end processor for a mainframe. See Chapter 10.
35.  ATM. See Chapter 8.
36.  110. See Chapter 4.
37.  SNMP. RMON would also be applicable. See Chapter 12.
38.  Remote node. See Chapter 9.
39.  Router redundancy. See Chapter 4.
40.  A, C, E. See Chapter 3.

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