18.9. Program: expn and vrfy

This program talks directly to an SMTP server and uses the EXPN and VRFY commands to figure out whether an address is going to work. It isn't perfect, because it relies on the remote SMTP giving meaningful information with the EXPN and VRFY commands. It uses Net::DNS if available, but can also work without.

This program inspects $0 (the program name) to see how it was called. If run as expn , it uses the EXPN command; if called as vrfy , it uses the VRFY command. Use links to install it with two names:

% cat > expn
#!/usr/bin/perl -w
...
^D
% ln expn vrfy

When you run it with an email address, the program reports what the mail server says when you try to EXPN or VRFY the address. If you have Net::DNS installed, it tries all hosts listed as mail exchangers in the DNS entry for the address.

Here's what it looks like without Net::DNS:

% expn gnat@frii.com




Expanding gnat at frii.com (gnat@frii.com):








calisto.frii.com Hello coprolith.frii.com [207.46.130.14],








    pleased to meet you





<gnat@mail.frii.com>

And here's the same address with Net::DNS installed:

% expn gnat@frii.com




Expanding gnat at mail.frii.net (gnat@frii.com):








deimos.frii.com Hello coprolith.frii.com [207.46.130.14],








    pleased to meet you








Nathan Torkington <gnat@deimos.frii.com>









Expanding gnat at mx1.frii.net (gnat@frii.com):








phobos.frii.com Hello coprolith.frii.com [207.46.130.14],








    pleased to meet you








<gnat@mail.frii.com>






E




xpanding gnat at mx2.frii.net (gnat@frii.com):








europa.frii.com Hello coprolith.frii.com [207.46.130.14],








    pleased to meet you








<gnat@mail.frii.com>









Expanding gnat at mx3.frii.net (gnat@frii.com):








ns2.winterlan.com Hello coprolith.frii.com [207.46.130.14],








    pleased to meet you








550 gnat... User unknown



The program is shown in Example 18.3 .

Example 18.3: expn

#!/usr/bin/perl -w
# expn -- convince smtp to divulge an alias expansion
use strict;
use IO::Socket;
use Sys::Hostname;

my $fetch_mx = 0;
# try loading the module, but don't blow up if missing
eval {    
    require Net::DNS;
    Net::DNS->import(
'
mx');
    $fetch_mx = 1;
};

my $selfname = hostname();
die "usage: $0 address\@host ...\n" unless @ARGV;

# Find out whether called as "vrfy" or "expn".
my $VERB = ($0 =~ /ve?ri?fy$/i)  ? 'VRFY' : 'EXPN';
my $multi = @ARGV > 1;
my $remote;

# Iterate over addresses give on command line.
foreach my $combo (@ARGV) {
    my ($name, $host) = split(/\@/, $combo);
    my @hosts;
    $host ||= 'localhost';
    @hosts = map { $_->exchange } mx($host)     if $fetch_mx;
    @hosts = ($host)   unless @hosts;

    foreach my $host (@hosts) { 
        print $VERB eq 'VRFY' ? "Verify" : "Expand", 
            "ing $name at $host ($combo):";

        $remote = IO::Socket::INET->new(
               Proto    => "tcp",
               PeerAddr => $host,
               PeerPort => "smtp(25)",
           ); 

        unless ($remote) { 
            warn "cannot connect to $host\n";
            next;
        }
        print "\n";

        $remote->autoflush(1);

        # use CRLF network line terminators
        print $remote "HELO $selfname\015\012";
        print $remote "$VERB $name\015\012";
        print $remote "quit\015\012";
        while (<$remote>) {
            /^220\b/ && next;
            /^221\b/ && last;
            s/250\b[\-\s]+//;
            print;
        } 
        close($remote) or die "can't close socket: $!";
        print "\n"; #  if @ARGV;
    }








} 


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